Navigation Links
What a difference a grade makes
Date:10/22/2013

DURHAM, N.C. -- When it comes to children's attention problems, the difference between first and second grade is profound, says a new study from Duke University.

The study, which appears online in the November issue of the Journal of Attention Disorders, says the age at which attention problems emerge makes a critical difference in a child's later academic performance.

When the problems emerged in first grade, children's performance suffered for years afterward. For instance, those children scored lower than their peers on reading achievement scores after fifth grade. The poor performance occurred even if the attention problems were fleeting and improved after first grade.

By contrast, children who developed attention problems starting in second grade performed as well as their peers in later years.

Other studies have noted the link between early attention problems and academic achievement. But the new study is the first to identify the impact of attention problems that emerge in first grade versus those that emerge just a year later.

The research was conducted by Duke psychologists David Rabiner, Madeline Carrig and Kenneth Dodge, the William McDougall Professor of Public Policy and director of Duke's Center for Child and Family Policy. It draws on data from the Fast Track Project, a longitudinal study of the development of conduct problems that has followed 891 individuals in four different locales from kindergarten into adulthood.

The attention study examined academic performance among a subsample of 386 children by looking at grades as well as reading and math scores before and after first grade, and again after fifth grade.

The results may reflect the critical importance of first grade as an academic building block, Rabiner said. Children who suffer from attention problems in first grade fail to acquire key academic skills, and their performance suffers in later years as a result.

Not all first-graders who struggle to focus in school have ADHD, Rabiner added. But whether they have diagnosable ADHD or not, he said it's important to help them at the outset of their academic careers, when they are acquiring essential building block skills.

"Even when these children overcome their attention problems, they continue to struggle in school," Rabiner said. "The earlier we can identify children who are struggling with sustaining attention in the classroom and intervene to help them, the better."

The study emphasized first and second grades, but Rabiner noted that future researchers would do well to look at kindergarten as well. Data for the study was collected beginning in the early 1990s. Since that time, kindergarten has assumed a more important academic role in many schools.


'/>"/>

Contact: Alison Jones
alison.jones@duke.edu
919-681-8504
Duke University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study reveals differences in post-operative complications
2. The Professional Salon Difference: JCTA Salons Provide Safety, Expertise
3. The difference between obsession and delusion
4. Creating Compassionate Schools and Communities; Those Out On the Front-lines Working With Youth to Stop Bullying Are Meeting in Nashville to Make a Difference
5. Entertainment Industries Council and National Association for Children of Alcoholics Celebrate 30 Years of Making a Difference
6. Make a Difference This Labor Day: Buy Local
7. Siragusa Vein and Vascular Publishes New Article Explaining the Differences Between Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
8. Study finds genomic differences in types of cervical cancer
9. LSUHSC study reports racial/ethnic differences in young people with cancer
10. Arizona Safeway Stores 'Make a Difference' at the Register for MDA
11. Researcher awarded $1.8 million grant to study gender differences in antidepressant effects
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... , ... May 24, 2016 , ... Mental health watchdog ... the Church of Scientology and renowned professor of psychiatry Thomas Szasz, is continuing its ... “Psychiatry: An Industry of Death” exhibit in Atlanta, Georgia. The opening of the exhibit ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Loma Linda University Health (LLUH) has ... and expanded Children’s Hospital. Over 3,000 people looked on as the shovels hit the ... event photo slidehsow. , During the program, Richard H. Hart, MD, DrPH, president, ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... the perfect data logger for each job, ensuring the best suited solution to ... of MadgeTech data loggers at their lab in Istanbul. , Metroloji Okulu specializes ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Growing in popularity, more and more people continue to live ... easily accessible. Whether someone chooses to cut gluten out of their life for personal ... Grocery stocks their shelves with many different gluten-free products all year round. And they ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... The number of health insurance ... 10% over last year, according to data in the forthcoming AIS’s Directory of ... stable, with a slight decrease in risk-based groups and a slight increase in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016 ARANZ Medical ... the healthcare sector, has been named the Coretex Hi-Tech Emerging ... 2016. Dr Bruce Davey , CEO of ... team.  It,s really good to be recognised for the work ... products are used in 35 countries around the world from ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016 Los ... terapia del mundo, introduce catéteres para la intervención ... OrbusNeich, una compañía global especializada en el suministro ... expandido su cartera incluyendo productos para tratar la ... Scoreflex™ PTA son los dispositivos de primera entrada ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 ... "Patient Handling Equipment Market by Product (Wheelchair, Scooters, ... Care (Bariatric Care, Critical Care, Wound), Accessories (Lifting, ... Forecast to 2021", published by MarketsandMarkets, the patient ... 17.18 Billion by 2021 at a CAGR of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: