Navigation Links
Welders may be at increased risk for brain damage
Date:4/7/2011

Workers exposed to welding fumes may be at increased risk of damage to the same brain area harmed by Parkinson's disease, according to a new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

Fumes produced by welding contain manganese, an element that scientists have linked to neurological problems including Parkinson's disease-like symptoms.

"In the United States alone, there are more than 1 million workers who perform welding as a part of their jobs," says Brad Racette, MD, professor of neurology at Washington University School of Medicine. "If further investigation of this potential link between neurotoxic effects and these fumes proves it is valid, it would have a substantial public-health impact for the U.S. workforce and the economy."

The study appears online April 6, 2011, in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

The study involved 20 welders with no symptoms of Parkinson's disease, 20 people with Parkinson's disease who were not welders and 20 people who were not welders and did not have Parkinson's. The welders were recruited from two shipyards and one metal fabrication company, and each had an average of 30,000 hours of lifetime welding exposure.

All participants were given brain PET and MRI scans and motor skills tests. A neurologist who specializes in movement disorders also examined all participants. The welders' average blood manganese levels were found to be two times the upper limits of normal blood manganese levels established in prior studies of general populations.

In one area of the brain, PET scans indicated that welders had an average 11.7 percent reduction in a marker of the chemical dopamine compared to people who did not weld. Dopamine helps nerve cells communicate and is decreased in specific brain regions in people with Parkinson's disease. The welders' motor skills test scores also showed mild movement difficulties that were not as extensive as those found in the early Parkinson's disease patients.

Although the same area of the brain was affected as in Parkinson's disease, the pattern of effects within this area was reversed. Parkinson's disease normally has the greatest impact on the rear of a structure known as the putamen. In the welders, the largest drop in the marker for dopamine occurred in a structure behind the putamen known as the caudate.

"While these changes in the brain may be an early marker of neuron death related to welding exposure, the damage appeared to be different from those of people with full-fledged Parkinson's disease," Racette says. "MRI scans also revealed brain changes in welders that were consistent with manganese deposits in the brain."

Racette and his colleagues plan a larger follow-up study to clarify the potential links between welding and brain damage.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
purdym@wustl.edu
314-286-0122
Washington University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Migraine Linked to Increased Heart Attack Risk
2. Attorney Joe Belluck Hails Department Of Defense For Increased Funding Of Mesothelioma Research
3. Increased HAART coverage associated with 50 percent drop
4. RetireSafe Survey Says Seniors Are Struggling With Increased Costs Without an Increased Social Security Cost of Living Adjustment
5. Arsenic exposure activates an oncogenic signaling pathway; leads to increased cancer risk
6. Increased Government Scrutiny of Companies That Use Independent Contractors, Consultants, or Freelancers: Are You Ready? Learn More at Complimentary Breakfast Briefing
7. Hormone thought to slow aging associated with increased risk of cancer death
8. Hormone replacement therapy linked to increased lung cancer risk
9. NACDS RxIMPACT "Hill Day" Features More Advocates Increased Focus on Medication Adherence
10. Weight-bearing exercise does not prevent increased bone turnover during weight loss
11. Increased radiation dose does not increase long-term side effects for prostate cancer patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Welders may be at increased risk for brain damage
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... In an article published ... her enthusiasm for Botox and lip injections, which she underwent in order to feel ... Valley Music and Arts Festival. The article explains that Ms. Mirmelli’s situation is not ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... On Tuesday, April 26, 2016 members ... celebrated the signature of Gov. Nathan Deal on SB 258, the “Rural Health Care ... Cumming), offers a 70% tax credit to individuals and corporations which donate directly to ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Coast Dental ... 16, 2016, at its new location in the Exchange Furniture Mall at 112 Vilseck ... for a 50-inch Samsung Smart TV. Plus attendees will have the opportunity to meet ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... World Patent ... Gyrociser, an exercise invention which aids in proper muscle development. , "The Gym ... and Creative Director of World Patent Marketing. "Globalization has threatened the future growth ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Reltok Nasal Products proudly ... for the head and neck/ear, nose and throat specialty, has added the KOTLER NASAL ... KOTLER NASAL AIRWAY™ is a newly patented safety device secured by nasal surgeons ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016   ... sur le trimestre, soutenu par une croissance de ... Croissance de +16% des ventes aux hôpitaux et ... Technologies (Euronext : MKEA, FR0010609263 ; OTCQX : MKEAY), inventeur de ... son chiffre d,affaires pour le premier trimestre clos ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... NEW DELHI , April 27, 2016 ... CSR initiative to save newborns ... ,s hospital for women & newborns in collaboration with Breast ... has launched the first Pasteurized Human Milk Bank, ,Amaara, in ... the best nutritional food source for infants and should be ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... April 27, 2016 Global  ... 2.14 billion by 2022, according to a new ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150105/723757 ) , ... the efficiency and accuracy delivered by the new ... for novel urinalysis instruments and consumables. For instance, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: