Navigation Links
Weill Cornell receives $2.4 million in grants from Gates Foundation to fight tuberculosis
Date:12/12/2007

NEW YORK (Dec. 12, 2007) -- Weill Cornell Medical College has received two grants totaling $2.4 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help fight tuberculosis, an epidemic that infects one-third of the world's people and kills nearly two million yearly -- mostly in the poorest countries.

The grants will support research towards developing innovative TB drugs that are more effective than current treatment options. Even the best available TB drugs require difficult and lengthy regimens and are increasingly losing their effectiveness; last year there were more than 400,000 cases of drug-resistant TB. In addition, there is a need for faster-acting TB drugs; current drugs must be taken for at least six months to be fully effective. Many patients, for various reasons, do not complete the full course of treatment, which leads to the development of drug-resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the organism that causes TB.

"We are very grateful to the Gates Foundation for supporting our efforts to fight tuberculosis," says Dr. Antonio M. Gotto Jr., the Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medical College. "This important work is also made possible using the advanced technology available at our Abby and Howard P. Milstein Chemistry Core Facility, which opened last year."

"These grants support research focused on testing many existing chemical compounds for their potential ability to kill or interfere with the organism that causes TB. We already know of and use some compounds that kill or weaken TB pathogens when they are in the replicating phase. Being able to kill TB organisms in their non-replicating phase, which represents most of their existence, will be key to shortening curative TB therapy from the current six months (or longer) to perhaps just a couple of weeks," says Dr. Carl. F. Nathan, chairman of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, and R.A. Rees Pritchett Professor of Microbiology at Weill Cornell Medical College, and director of the Abby and Howard P. Milstein Program in Chemical Biology. "Finding those effective compounds may also mean more effective therapies for the emerging drug-resistant forms of TB." Dr. Nathan is a principal investigator on one of the two Gates Foundation grants.

Dr. Nathan and his colleagues have helped to shape our basic understanding of innate immunity and host-pathogen interactions. He introduced the concepts of cytokine-mediated activation and deactivation of macrophages, helped identify the first macrophage activating factor (interferon-g) and its therapeutic potential, demonstrated the role of the respiratory burst in macrophage biology, and pioneered numerous advances in inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which plays a key role in the immune system. These contributions inform current research efforts, including those directed at macrophage interactions with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

"These grants will also help us to demonstrate to drug companies a safe way to screen hundreds of thousands of chemical compounds against the TB organism so the companies can do it themselves," says Dr. Nathan. "Right now very few drug companies have the special core facilities needed to do such work without risk of infection."

Dr. Dirk Schnappinger, associate professor of microbiology and immunology at Weill Cornell Medical College and principal investigator on one of the Gates Foundation grants, and colleagues are focused on multidisciplinary work in functional genomics, molecular genetics and biochemistry aimed at understanding the contributions of individual genes in M. tuberculosis. They have developed systems that allow silencing of mycobacterial genes in vitro and during macrophage infections. They are using these systems to evaluate the role of specific genes that seem important for the survival of M. tuberculosis within the host. These studies should provide proof-of-principle for the hypotheses that gene silencing can be used to: 1) identify biological processes that are essential for growth and persistence of mycobacteria during infections in the mouse; 2) genetically mimic the action of antibiotics on the progression of M. tuberculosis infections and thus aid the prioritization of drug targets; and 3) study the function of essential genes using functional genomics.

Dr. Nathan's and Dr. Schnappinger's grants are two of 11 new grants, totaling $280 million, by the Gates Foundation to speed research and development on promising vaccines, diagnostic tests and treatments to help reduce the global TB burden.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Klein
ank2017@med.cornell.edu
212-821-0560
New York- Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center/Weill Cornell Medical College
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NIH selects Weill Cornell Medical College to lead new NYC translational research collaboration
2. The latest about male infertility and testosterone from NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell
3. White House awards Weill Cornells Bruce McCandliss highest honor for early career scientists
4. Healthy restaurants help make us fat, says a new Cornell study
5. Lake Elsinore Family Caregiver Receives Free Power Wheelchair From The SCOOTER Store
6. DaVita Receives Civil Complaint
7. Ranbaxy Receives Tentative Approval to Manufacture and Market Galantamine Tablets on an Exclusive Basis
8. Watson Receives First FDA Approval for Manufacturing Product at Its Goa, India Facility
9. Edwards Lifesciences Receives CE Mark for Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve
10. Mayo Clinic Multidisciplinary Simulation Center Receives Distinction as an ACS-Accredited Education Institute
11. PainCare Receives $14.4 Million in Cash From Completed Sale of South Florida Ambulatory Surgery Centers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/22/2017)... ... ... Juan Capistrano summer camp team at the Boys and Girls Club of South Coast ... physical activities for all campers. To read the report, click here or see ... specialty camps that focus on what the report terms as “sitting subjects” like coding or ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Chicago plastic surgeon, Dr. Anil ... An osteoma is a benign bony lump located on the forehead usually attributed to ... difficulties with sight and pain. Dr. Shah has discovered an approach that is minimally ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... The adage “Show, don’t tell” applies perfectly to Green Builder Media’s Earth ... House demonstration project series. Manifesting the concept of right-sized living, the Flex House is ... affordably and abundantly without unduly taxing the resources of our beautiful planet. ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... campaign, AWARE: A Week of Addiction and Recovery Education, from April 24 to ... and preventing substance use disorders. , The mission of AWARE is to ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... candidates to serve on its Accreditation and Standards Committees to support the ... is improving image quality and reducing patient radiation dose,” reports Eliot Siegel, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - CRH Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE ... Bloom Burton & Co. Healthcare Investor Conference 2017 at the Sheraton ... Edward Wright , Chief Executive Officer of the Company is scheduled ... CFO, Richard Bear and the Chairman of the Board, ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... NEW YORK , April 19, 2017 The ... anticipated to showcase a healthy CAGR during the forecast period ... product type in the global digital mobile X-Ray devices market, ... 2,000 Mn in 2017, expanding at a CAGR of 7% ... create absolute $ opportunity of more than US$ 100 Mn ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... NEW YORK , April 19, 2017 ... Surgical drainage devices are tubes used to remove excess ... include, blood, serum, pus, urine, bile or lymph. Surgical ... types of surgery such as orthopedics surgery, cardiovascular surgery, ... device is prophylactic post-surgery to prevent accumulation of fluid ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: