Navigation Links
Weight discrimination could contribute to the glass ceiling effect for women, study finds
Date:4/7/2009

EAST LANSING, Mich. Weight discrimination appears to add to the glass ceiling effect for women, finds a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University scholar.

Overweight and obese women are significantly underrepresented among the top CEOs in the United States, according to the research, which appears in the British journal Equal Opportunities International. However, while obese men were also underrepresented, overweight men were actually overrepresented among top CEOs.

The different results for women and men suggest weight bias may contribute to the glass ceiling on the advancement of women to the top levels of management, said Mark Roehling, MSU associate professor of human resource management.

"The results suggest that while being obese limits the career opportunities of both women and men, being 'merely overweight' harms only female executives and may actually benefit male executives," he said. "This pattern of findings is consistent with previous research indicating that, at least among white Americans, there is a tendency to hold women to harsher weight standards."

Roehling said the research is the first to focus on the potential effect of weight on career advancement to the highest levels of management. For the study, two groups of experts analyzed publicly available photos of CEOs from Fortune 1000 companies. The expert raters included individuals who were tested prior to the study to determine their accuracy in assessing body weight based on photographs, and medical professionals who by virtue of training and experience are experts at weight estimation.

Both groups found that only 5 percent of male and female CEOs at top companies were obese (body mass index greater than 30), which is much lower than the U.S. average of 36 percent for men and 38 percent for women of similar age.

Study findings also indicate that between 45 percent and 61 percent of top male CEOs are overweight (BMI between 25 and 29), which is higher than the U.S. average of 41 percent in similarly aged men. That means overweight men were actually overrepresented in top CEO positions.

In sharp contrast, only 5 percent-22 percent of top female CEOs were overweight, compared with the U.S. average of 29 percent among similarly aged women.

"This reflects a greater tolerance and possibly even a preference for a larger size among men but a smaller size among women," the researchers write in the study.

Said Roehling: "It appears that the glass ceiling effect on women's advancement may reflect not only general negative stereotypes about the competencies of women, but also weight bias that results in the application of stricter appearance standards to women."

Leading the research team with Mark Roehling was Patricia Roehling, professor of psychology at Hope College in Holland, Mich.

ce management.

"The results suggest that while being obese limits the career opportunities of both women and men, being 'merely overweight' harms only female executives and may actually benefit male executives," he said. "This pattern of findings is consistent with previous research indicating that, at least among white Americans, there is a tendency to hold women to harsher weight standards."

Roehling said the research is the first to focus on the potential effect of weight on career advancement to the highest levels of management. For the study, two groups of experts analyzed publicly available photos of CEOs from Fortune 1000 companies. The expert raters included individuals who were tested prior to the study to determine their accuracy in assessing body weight based on photographs, and medical professionals who by virtue of training and experience are experts at weight estimation.

Both groups found that only 5 percent of male and female CEOs at top companies were obese (body mass index greater than 30), which is much lower than the U.S. average of 36 percent for men and 38 percent for women of similar age.

Study findings also indicate that between 45 percent and 61 percent of top male CEOs are overweight (BMI between 25 and 29), which is higher than the U.S. average of 41 percent in similarly aged men. That means overweight men were actually overrepresented in top CEO positions.

In sharp contrast, only 5 percent-22 percent of top female CEOs were overweight, compared with the U.S. average of 29 percent among similarly aged women.

"This reflects a greater tolerance and possibly even a preference for a larger size among men but a smaller size among women," the researchers write in the study.

Said Roehling: "It appears that the glass ceiling effect on women's advancement may reflect not only general negative stereotypes about the competencies of women, but also weight bias that results in the application of stricter appearance standards to women."

Leading the research team with Mark Roehling was Patricia Roehling, professor of psychology at Hope College in Holland, Mich.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Roehling
roehling@msu.edu
517-355-3335
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Early Weight Loss in Women Linked to Dementia
2. New research explores newborn in-hospital weight loss
3. Weight-Loss Surgeries Extend Lives
4. School-based overweight prevention program may cut risk of eating disorders among girls
5. Overweight toddlers and those not in day care at risk for iron deficiency
6. Weight Watchers Declares Quarterly Dividend
7. Eat Seafood, See Weight Loss: Recent Study Finds Another Reason to Eat Seafood for a Fit Lifestyle
8. Weight Gain May Spell Trouble for Heart Failure Patients
9. New Research From America On the Move Foundation Indicates American Weight Loss Efforts Stalling
10. Weight loss game looking for NEAT-o results
11. Aerobic, Weight Training Combo Best Against Diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Weight discrimination could contribute to the glass ceiling effect for women, study finds
(Date:4/28/2017)... Olathe, KS (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 ... ... system have typically been previously exposed to more adverse experiences than children in ... have experienced trauma such as abuse, neglect or other family challenges. While no ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... or hERG liability could substantially improve drug safety and minimize the cost of ... for validating ion channel inhibition using cell lines and for cardiac toxicity using ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of ... the Creator responds to and which He does not. Yisrayl says with so many ... is the true name, but he says with a little Scripture, backed with a lot ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... assisting the Brooke Grove Foundation implement a Microsoft Dynamics GP solution that integrates ... leading ERP expert that specializes in long-term care, Brooke Grove now has the ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... , ... April 28, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe is ... now he has leant his presence to an educational purpose as the host of ... important one being cancer. In a recent episode, the series focuses on thyroid cancer. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ... that it will be participating in the Deutsche Bank ... Hotel in Boston, Massachusetts on ... 11:20 a.m. Eastern Time. A live webcast ... Investor Relations website at http://investor.zimmerbiomet.com .  The webcast ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017  CVS Pharmacy, the retail ... a new store design to enhance the retail ... food, health-focused products and expanded beauty selections paired ... customers discover new offerings. Together with its innovative ... of the customer experience at CVS Pharmacy.  ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 2017 Eyevensys, a private biotechnology ... gene expression technology that enables the safe, local, sustained ... a wide range of ophthalmic diseases, announces it has ... Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to advance its technology into clinical ... The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: