Navigation Links
Weight discrimination could contribute to the glass ceiling effect for women, study finds
Date:4/7/2009

EAST LANSING, Mich. Weight discrimination appears to add to the glass ceiling effect for women, finds a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University scholar.

Overweight and obese women are significantly underrepresented among the top CEOs in the United States, according to the research, which appears in the British journal Equal Opportunities International. However, while obese men were also underrepresented, overweight men were actually overrepresented among top CEOs.

The different results for women and men suggest weight bias may contribute to the glass ceiling on the advancement of women to the top levels of management, said Mark Roehling, MSU associate professor of human resource management.

"The results suggest that while being obese limits the career opportunities of both women and men, being 'merely overweight' harms only female executives and may actually benefit male executives," he said. "This pattern of findings is consistent with previous research indicating that, at least among white Americans, there is a tendency to hold women to harsher weight standards."

Roehling said the research is the first to focus on the potential effect of weight on career advancement to the highest levels of management. For the study, two groups of experts analyzed publicly available photos of CEOs from Fortune 1000 companies. The expert raters included individuals who were tested prior to the study to determine their accuracy in assessing body weight based on photographs, and medical professionals who by virtue of training and experience are experts at weight estimation.

Both groups found that only 5 percent of male and female CEOs at top companies were obese (body mass index greater than 30), which is much lower than the U.S. average of 36 percent for men and 38 percent for women of similar age.

Study findings also indicate that between 45 percent and 61 percent of top male CEOs are overweight (BMI between 25 and 29), which is higher than the U.S. average of 41 percent in similarly aged men. That means overweight men were actually overrepresented in top CEO positions.

In sharp contrast, only 5 percent-22 percent of top female CEOs were overweight, compared with the U.S. average of 29 percent among similarly aged women.

"This reflects a greater tolerance and possibly even a preference for a larger size among men but a smaller size among women," the researchers write in the study.

Said Roehling: "It appears that the glass ceiling effect on women's advancement may reflect not only general negative stereotypes about the competencies of women, but also weight bias that results in the application of stricter appearance standards to women."

Leading the research team with Mark Roehling was Patricia Roehling, professor of psychology at Hope College in Holland, Mich.

ce management.

"The results suggest that while being obese limits the career opportunities of both women and men, being 'merely overweight' harms only female executives and may actually benefit male executives," he said. "This pattern of findings is consistent with previous research indicating that, at least among white Americans, there is a tendency to hold women to harsher weight standards."

Roehling said the research is the first to focus on the potential effect of weight on career advancement to the highest levels of management. For the study, two groups of experts analyzed publicly available photos of CEOs from Fortune 1000 companies. The expert raters included individuals who were tested prior to the study to determine their accuracy in assessing body weight based on photographs, and medical professionals who by virtue of training and experience are experts at weight estimation.

Both groups found that only 5 percent of male and female CEOs at top companies were obese (body mass index greater than 30), which is much lower than the U.S. average of 36 percent for men and 38 percent for women of similar age.

Study findings also indicate that between 45 percent and 61 percent of top male CEOs are overweight (BMI between 25 and 29), which is higher than the U.S. average of 41 percent in similarly aged men. That means overweight men were actually overrepresented in top CEO positions.

In sharp contrast, only 5 percent-22 percent of top female CEOs were overweight, compared with the U.S. average of 29 percent among similarly aged women.

"This reflects a greater tolerance and possibly even a preference for a larger size among men but a smaller size among women," the researchers write in the study.

Said Roehling: "It appears that the glass ceiling effect on women's advancement may reflect not only general negative stereotypes about the competencies of women, but also weight bias that results in the application of stricter appearance standards to women."

Leading the research team with Mark Roehling was Patricia Roehling, professor of psychology at Hope College in Holland, Mich.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Roehling
roehling@msu.edu
517-355-3335
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Early Weight Loss in Women Linked to Dementia
2. New research explores newborn in-hospital weight loss
3. Weight-Loss Surgeries Extend Lives
4. School-based overweight prevention program may cut risk of eating disorders among girls
5. Overweight toddlers and those not in day care at risk for iron deficiency
6. Weight Watchers Declares Quarterly Dividend
7. Eat Seafood, See Weight Loss: Recent Study Finds Another Reason to Eat Seafood for a Fit Lifestyle
8. Weight Gain May Spell Trouble for Heart Failure Patients
9. New Research From America On the Move Foundation Indicates American Weight Loss Efforts Stalling
10. Weight loss game looking for NEAT-o results
11. Aerobic, Weight Training Combo Best Against Diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Weight discrimination could contribute to the glass ceiling effect for women, study finds
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Premier Fitness Camp (PFC) and ... the ultimate weight loss and wellness program, at their world headquarters of Omni La ... immediate and long-term results to anyone seeking weight loss, personal development, a healthy lifestyle, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... continuity to its innovative Unified Instance Manager architecture, meeting the needs of ... new version optimizes the unattended auto-dialing system without agents, Presence Robodialer, provides ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... STATEN ISLAND, N.Y., Nov. 24, 2016 ... the highest standards of trauma, maternity, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ... Dr. Daniel Messina. , Among the recognitions, the American College of Surgeons' (ACS) ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... California Senate Bill (SB) 863, signed into law ... in 2013 and 2014, according to CompScope™ Medical Benchmarks for California, 17th Edition ... to the study, medical payments per claim in California decreased 4 percent in 2013 ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Care Act. Dr. Botelho advocates for the mass media launching of story movements ... ongoing opportunities to share their unfortunate experiences; such a movement can generate the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Henry Schein, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... care products and services to office-based dental, animal health and ... equity investment in Marrodent, one of Poland,s ... $32 million. This transaction was announced on August 30, 2016. ... Poland since 2014, and Marrodent marks ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced the addition ... to their offering. ... The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for ... and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are ... is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... -- "Lantus (Insulin Glargine) Biosimilar Clinical Trial & Opportunity Insight" report by ... drug in clinical pipeline. Currently 5 biosimilar version of Lantus are commercially ... Kenya , Czech Republic , ... , Slovakia , United Kingdom ... patent on Lantus expired in 2014. Lantus is the brand name ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: