Navigation Links
Weighing up the secrets of African elephant body fat
Date:7/3/2014

A research team from The University of Nottingham has carried out the first molecular characterisation of the African elephant's adipose tissue body fat. This new information will form the basis of future studies aimed at securing the health and future survival of captive elephants.

The population of captive elephants, both Asian and African, in Europe and North America is not self-sustaining, largely due to poor fertility, resulting in a fewer baby elephants being born. It is acknowledged that if a solution for these reproductive difficulties cannot be found quickly, captive elephants will face demographic extinction in North American zoos within the next 50 years.

This new study, carried out by a team of scientists at the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, will form the building blocks for later studies that will help scientists start to identify important dietary components for health and reproduction in African elephants to enable better management of this species in captivity and in the wild.

The research, Molecular Characterization of Adipose Tissue in the African Elephant, led by Dr Lisa Yon, and in equal part by her colleagues Dr Nigel Mongan, Dr Richard Emes and Dr Alison Mostyn, has been published in the open access journal PLOS ONE.

Using expertise in molecular biology and bioinformatics at the Nottingham vet school and with access to unique samples from the African elephant researchers were able to explore some important basic biological questions to achieve a better understanding of elephants.

Leptin a hormone made by fat cells to regulate the amount of fat stored in the body is a crucial molecular link between nutritional status, amount of adipose tissue and fertility in many species. This research has shown that it has a similar function in the African elephant.

Dr Yon said: "This research provides important information on the structure and function of adipose tissue in the African elephant, highlighting the crucial genes and nutrients present during different times of life particularly reproduction and lactation."

Since the discovery of Leptin, adipose tissue has been shown to play a key role in reproduction, energy sensing and regulation, and inflammatory responses. It has been linked with reproductive activity both in terms of the onset of puberty and in maintenance of reproductive function so it may play an important role in building up and maintaining the elephant's reserves to ensure health and fertility.

This work forms an important first step to help maintain a healthy, reproductively viable captive population. This would also eliminate the need to catch additional animals from the wild to supplement the captive population.

Dr Yon said: "The information we gained can help us to know how to better provide for elephants' dietary needs, and what possible impact this may have on their reproductive success. These same methods can be applied to further our understanding on a range of domestic or non-domestic species."

Elephant samples were obtained from management-organized culling operations in Save Valley Conservancy (SVC) in Zimbabwe during 2009�. The Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (PWMA) gave permits to SVC to cull the animals and SVC gave the authors permission to use the samples. No animals were killed specifically for this study, and all permission was obtained from the relevant authorities.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lindsay Brooke
lindsay.brooke@nottingham.ac.uk
44-011-595-15751
University of Nottingham
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Weighing in: 3 years post-op bariatric surgery patients see big benefits, Pitt study says
2. Scientists reveal structural secrets of enzyme used to make popular anti-cholesterol drug
3. Scientists unlock secrets of protein produced by disease-causing fungus
4. Self-Esteem Elevation For Children Coaching Certification Review: Secrets And Benefits of This Program Exposed By Tinia Assaraf From The Website Vinamy.com
5. Fast Hidradenitis Suppurativa Cure Review: Secrets and Benefits of This Program Exposed by Fabianne Grace From the Website - HealthReviewCenter
6. Weight Loss Secrets of the Master Cleanse Detox Exposed By Detox Dieter
7. 5 Tips to Lose Stomach Fat Review Discloses the Secrets to Stubborn Belly Fat Removal
8. Fibroids Miracle Review Discloses the Secrets to Naturally Healing Fibroids
9. New Muscle Maximizer Review From ReviewedToday.org Looks at Secrets Behind Product's Success
10. Blood Pressure Reduction Guide Review
11. Secrets And Benefits Of Exposed By Tom Roye
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified ... be personalized through a fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major ... only offer a one size fits all type program , They don’t eliminate ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX users ... - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over 1,300 ... Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above media or ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits of moderation, whether ... latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, perhaps even self-loathing. However, ... their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com reveals that behind the tendency ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The ... in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support its ... PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Plano, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... taking part in Genome magazine’s Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients ... for an award to be presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... DUBLIN , June 23, 2016 ... the "Surgical Procedure Volumes: Global Analysis (United States, ... Australia, Canada)" report to their offering. ... an essential tool for healthcare business planners, provides surgical ... looks at surgery trends with an in-depth analysis of ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 The ... it continues to present great opportunities to investors. Stock-Callers.com ... today: Intrexon Corp. (NYSE: XON ), Vertex ... Inc. (NASDAQ: ARNA ), and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals ... these stocks and receive your complimentary trade alerts at: ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Leading BioSciences ... address medical conditions resulting from a breakdown of ... appointed Greg Doyle as chief executive ... BioSciences, executive management team and board of directors, ... financial officer. He will provide continued leadership and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: