Navigation Links
'Weakest links' show greatest gains in relay races
Date:7/24/2012

EAST LANSING, Mich. The inferior members of swimming or running relay teams those athletes who fared poorest in individual races showed the greatest gains when performing as part of a team, and those gains were even greater during final races as opposed to preliminary races.

The new research from Michigan State University's Deborah Feltz and Kaitlynn Osborn provides some of the first real-world support for the Khler motivation effect, which describes how less capable individuals perform better when performing a task with others as opposed to individually.

The researchers also measured athletes for evidence of the social loafing effect, or when people exert less effort to achieve a goal when working in a group. While no statistically significant evidence was found, the performances of superior group members tended to be slower in relay races.

The findings, based on two separate studies of archival performance data from college and high school athletes, appears in the current edition of the journal Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. Osborn, a doctoral student in the Department of Kinesiology, was the lead author of the study, working with Feltz, university distinguished professor and former chairperson of the department.

"Researchers for years have been attempting to understand the complex nature of motivation in sport, partly to find a way to increase athletes' motivation to perform," Osborn said. "Our findings show weaker team members are more motivated when working with others than when working alone.

"These studies provide some of the first real-world examples of the Khler motivation gain effect and a trend towards a social loafing effect within the same group."

The study also revealed female athletes were more affected by indispensability pressures, as they performed better when being viewed as an important member of the team. Males tended to be more motivated by social comparison, meaning they performed better when compared specifically with competing athletes.

The first study examined motivational gains and losses, as measured by performance, of 68 athletes on NCAA 200-yard freestyle swimming teams. The second study looked at the same measures, but in 156 athletes competing on high school track and field teams.

Feltz said coaches should be aware that both motivation gains and losses can occur in the same group and be prepared for those results.

"Key motivation strategies include making individual contributions visible and holding individuals accountable for what they do for the team," she said. "Also, coaches need to tailor these strategies to individual athletes to best meet their needs when necessary.

Feltz said the next step is to study performance differences and motivation over the course of an athletic season and include other sports involving both an individual and a team component.


'/>"/>
Contact: Jason Cody
codyja@msu.edu
517-432-0924
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Test links strains of common parasite to severe illness in US newborns
2. Study Links Antibiotic to Slight Rise in Heart Patients Death Risk
3. Cedars-Sinai physician definitively links irritable bowel syndrome and bacteria in gut
4. Understanding the links between inflammation and chronic disease
5. Study links teamwork, communication with quality of nursing home care
6. Bonobo Genome Sheds Light on Their Links to Chimps, Humans
7. Mayo Clinic study links healthy muscle mass to healthy bones, finds differences by gender
8. Study links carcinogens to cancer stem cells -- but spinach can help
9. Tel Aviv University research links childhood obesity to cancer risk
10. New England Journal of Medicine hails new skin cancer drug as greatest advance yet
11. Scientists identify major source of cells defense against oxidative stress
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... Orlando-based Maximized Living has ... go for gold in Rio. Under the care of Maximized Living doctors at ... In an unprecedented showing, Maximized Living is sending the largest contingent of elite chiropractors ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Memorial Healthcare ... Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) that it has received accreditation for its residency program ... three residency programs that Memorial is currently pursuing, including Pediatrics and Internal Medicine. ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... advocating optimistic healthcare awareness and author of best seller "LOVE, MEDICINE and MIRACLES") ... Radio Monday, May 2, 2016 and podcasted thereafter . Dr. Bernie Siegel, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Spine Team ... pain, is proud to announce one of their physicians has been invited to be ... Physicians (Texas ACOFP) Family Practice Review conference on April 30, 2016. , Dr. ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer. Although ... the majority of skin cancer deaths. More than 10,000 people are expected to die of ... is 62, it is the one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in young women. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)...   Click here for supplemental information regarding ... the nation,s largest independent specialty pharmacy, announced today ... acquire Valley Campus Pharmacy, Inc., doing business as ... pharmacy that provides individualized patient care, based in ... 2015, TNH generated approximately $400 million in revenue. ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Dr. ... und Stephen Schmidt werden Teil ... ein führender Anbieter cloudbasierter Softwarelösungen für den ... neue Führungskräfte zum Team Sicherheit und Pharmakovigilanz ... Erfahrungen mitbringen.  Dies wird die Geschäftseinheit Sicherheit ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... TOKYO , April 28, 2016 ... and Ste phen ... ArisGlobal®, a leading provider of cloud-based software solutions for ... and Pharmacovigilance team to bring a wealth of insight to a ... unparalleled pharmacovigilance knowledge. George Phillips joined ArisGlobal ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: