Navigation Links
Water Pipe No Safer Than Cigarettes: Study
Date:4/29/2013

MONDAY, April 29 (HealthDay News) -- People who smoke tobacco through a water pipe, also known as a hookah, are still exposing themselves to a harmful mix of toxins, according to a small new study.

Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), cautioned that water pipes are not less harmful than cigarettes. And those who use a water pipe appear to face higher levels of carbon monoxide and benzene, which has been linked to increased risk for leukemia.

"People want to know if it is a lesser health risk if they switch from cigarettes to smoking a water pipe on a daily basis," Peyton Jacob III, a UCSF research chemist at San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center, said in a university news release. "We found that water pipe smoking is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking, nor is it likely to be an effective harm-reduction strategy."

In addition, Dr. Neal Benowitz, a UCSF tobacco researcher at San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center, pointed out that "if you are smoking from a hookah daily, you are likely to be at increased risk for cancer."

The study involved eight men and five women who have smoked cigarettes and also have experience using water pipes. The participants smoked an average of three water pipe sessions daily -- the equivalent of 11 cigarettes per day. Because people metabolize toxic substances differently, the researchers had the participants smoke a water pipe and cigarettes on different days.

After analyzing the participants' urine, the investigators found that using a water pipe doubled the levels of a benzene byproduct.

The participants' breath was also tested over 24 hours. The study revealed that carbon monoxide levels were two and a half times higher after water pipe use than cigarette smoking.

Although intake of nicotine is less among water pipe users, the researchers said, they are smoking more than just tobacco.

"You're basically burning a charcoal briquette on top of the tobacco, and most of what you're smoking is a moist fruit preparation, which is mixed with the tobacco," Benowitz said. "It smells good and it tastes good."

But, Jacob said, "In addition to delivering toxic substances from the charcoal and tobacco, the heat causes chemical reactions in the mixture, which produce toxic volatile organic compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Some PAHs are highly carcinogenic and can cause lung cancer."

A 2009 U.S. survey found three in 10 university students had smoked tobacco from a water pipe at least once. Research also showed that water pipe use is more common among white students, men, and fraternity and sorority members.

The study was published online recently in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about water pipes.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of California, San Francisco, news release, April 18, 2013


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Soybeans soaked in warm water naturally release key cancer-fighting substance
2. Scientists evaluate different antimicrobial metals for use in water filters
3. Analysis will examine safety of in-hospital underwater births
4. Germ Culprits in Moldy, Water-Damaged Buildings Identified
5. Waterpik Water Flosser Reviews Released Today By WaterpikReviews.net
6. With Home Sales Lagging, Watersong Offers Solution for Seniors
7. Annual Beaches Report Finds Water Quality Lacking Along U.S. Shores
8. Early-life exposure to chemical in drinking water may affect vision, study finds
9. Too Much Bottled Water Might Harm Kids Teeth
10. Leveraging bacteria in drinking water to benefit consumers
11. Chemicals From Soaps, Cleansers Found in Minnesota Waterways
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Water Pipe No Safer Than Cigarettes: Study
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Chicago plastic surgeon, Dr. Anil R. Shah, MD , ... benign bony lump located on the forehead usually attributed to a facial fracture. Their ... pain. Dr. Shah has discovered an approach that is minimally invasive. He is an ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Young Asset Protection, an insurance provider and ... greater Pittsburgh metropolitan region, is joining forces with the local chapter of the ... , Variety the Children’s Charity is a national organization dedicated to empowering, enabling, ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The Patient Advocacy Community of The Beryl Institute ... 2017 Ruth Ravich Patient Advocacy Award in recognition of her extraordinary contributions to ... the award at The Beryl Institute’s annual Patient Experience Conference on March ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Crossover Symmetry ... O2X , an active lifestyle company that provides Human Performance Training and education ... police offers, first responders, military officers and others in service through the development ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Airway ... new partnership with the highly regarded and well renowned Asian distributor, Discovery Sleep. ... & myTAP PAP Nasal Pillow Mask, and will stabilize and strengthen Airway’s presence ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... 2017 The Mobile X-Ray product segment is the ... during the forecast period Mobile X-Ray segment is ... mobile X-Ray devices market, which is estimated to be valued ... a CAGR of 7% over the forecast period. Mobile X-Ray ... than US$ 100 Mn in 2017 over 2016. The segment,s ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... NEW YORK , April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... This report on the prostate cancer ... of the global market. Increasing prevalence of prostate ... as innovation in the development of new drugs ... hormone-refractory prostate cancer drug due to lesser side ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017  Sorrento Therapeutics, ... antibody-centric, clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing new treatments for ... the closing of its previously announced underwritten public ... at a public offering price of $2.00 per ... estimated offering expenses payable by Sorrento.  The net ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: