Navigation Links
Warwick scientists discover how daughter cells receive the same number of chromosomes

Scientists at Warwick Medical School have uncovered the molecular process of how cells are by-passing the body's inbuilt 'health checkpoint' with cells that carry unequal numbers of chromosomes that have a higher risk of developing cancer.

Studying simple yeast cells, scientists now understand the mechanism by which cells ensure their daughter cells receive the correct number of chromosomes.

Most cells in our bodies contain 23 pairs of chromosomes that encode our individual genetic identities. In healthy, dividing human cells, each of these chromosomes is duplicated and one copy passed to each of the two daughter cells. However, if this process is disturbed, daughter cells receive an unequal number of chromosomes, a state that is known to drive normal cells to become cancerous. In fact, aggressive human tumours are frequently composed of cells with an abnormal complement of chromosomes.

Professor Jonathan Millar explained: "This cell division process is monitored by the body's surveillance system known as the 'spindle checkpoint', and that is only switched off once everything within the cell is set up correctly. Amazingly, all of the elements of this process are conserved from yeast to human cells. Therefore it is extremely likely that what we have found in yeast also happens in human cells. So by preventing this process happening with drugs, you could restrict the cell's ability to develop into full blown cancer," explained Professor Millar.

Currently, one of the most frequently used classes of anti-cancer drugs are taxanes, which target the mitotic apparatus in part by preventing proper silencing of the spindle checkpoint. However, this class of drug affects healthy and cancerous cells alike and can have debilitating side effects including permanent neurological damage and hair loss.

Professor Millar explained: "Now that we have pinpointed the central elements of cell division, we are in a great position to design drugs that can be more selective and targeted about which cells they treat. But this is just the start much more research has to be done before we can convert this into a commercial treatment for patients, but we are greatly encouraged that our research here at Warwick is leading the way in the search for more effective cancer treatments with fewer side effects."


Contact: Kate Cox
University of Warwick

Related medicine news :

1. NIH scientists discover link among spectrum of childhood diseases
2. Scientists Identify Gene Linked to Cold Sores
3. Scientists prove regular aspirin intake halves cancer risk
4. Scientists make strides toward drug therapy for inherited kidney disease
5. SMU scientists to lead water quality study at UN refugee camps
6. How hemp got high: Canadian scientists map the cannabis genome
7. UGA scientists team up to define first-ever sequence of biologically important carbohydrate
8. Scientists in Singapore and Europe to collaborate
9. Scientists Spot New Clues to HIV-Linked Dementia
10. Scientists Engineer Mice That Have Autism
11. Raw Sewage a New Frontier for Scientists
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... the perfect dish and pleasing the palates of attendees is of the utmost ... dish to a seasonal get-together, give these recipes a try this holiday season. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... Commission (AUC), European Union (EU), ANDI Pan African Centres of Excellence, and public ... in Nairobi (UNON) for the opening of the 5th African Network for Drugs ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like to become more ... to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. Courses will be ... As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and Dr. D’Orazio are ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... Smiles by Stevens is pleased to announce the addition of Botox® for the ... of the benefits of Botox® in the treatment of moderate facial wrinkling, few have ... pain as a result of Jaw Tension, TMJ (temporo-mandibular joint) disorder, and Bruxism (the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... “While riding ... an inventor, from Bronx, N.Y. “I thought there had to be a convenient and ... the PROTECTOR. , The PROTECTOR enables disabled individuals to safely travel during cold or ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ) has announced ... by Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active Wound Care), Application ... and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020" report ... --> The purpose of this report is ... global advanced wound care market. It involves deep dive ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... India , November 26, 2015 ... --> adds ... Report" and "Investigation Report on China ... and 2021 forecasts data and information ... . ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nov. 26, 2015 Research and ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ... Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, ... --> --> ... of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: