Navigation Links
War Vets With Headaches Could Have Brain Problems
Date:1/5/2009

Reduced sense of smell might also signal need for testing, expert says,,,,

MONDAY, Jan. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Headache frequency and severity caused by traumatic brain injury might signal cognitive deficits, suggests a new study of Iraq war veterans.

Traumatic brain injuries, also called concussions, are common among veterans who served in Iraq. And as deployment times have become longer, military personnel have more chances to be exposed to explosions that can cause injury.

"The most important finding was that the soldiers who continued to have problems with headaches and PTSD [post-traumatic stress disorder] were much more likely to have signs of residual cognition impairment or abnormalities," said study author Dr. Robert L. Ruff, professor of neurology at Case Western Reserve University and neurology service chief at the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center. "By themselves, the deficits were not severe, but they compromised the veterans' ability to return to where they were."

The researchers studied 126 veterans who had lost consciousness from blasts and explosions an average of three times while in Iraq, none for more than 30 minutes. Neurological and neuropsychological testing revealed impairments in 80 of the veterans that the researchers attributed to concussions. Those veterans had been exposed to more explosions than the others, the study found.

Among veterans who had brain impairments, 93 percent reported having headaches, compared with 13 percent of those who showed no dysfunction on the neurological tests.

Their headaches also were more severe and persistent. Veterans with no brain impairments all described having tension-like headaches about four times a month, whereas 60 percent of those with brain impairments resulting from their concussions described migraine-like headaches that occurred an average of 12 times a month.

In addition to more frequent and severe headaches, many of the veterans also experienced other PTSD symptoms, including sleep disorders and problems with their sense of smell, the study found.

"The olfactory nerves are very small, so when there's movement, they get sheared off," said Keith Young, associate professor and vice chairman for research at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in College Station, Texas, who also works with the VA Center of Excellence for Research on Returning War Veterans.

"People who have multiple exposures to blasts that cause loss of consciousness need to be carefully monitored for potential problems in the future," Young said.

And he believes the study, published in the latest issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, could lead to better methods to identify veterans who need more intensive treatment.

"The study points to the possibility of using olfactory testing to look for people who might benefit from additional medical testing," Young said. "The good news about these olfactory tests is that they don't require computers, so in a field hospital, you could use scratch and sniff tests to identify people who need additional testing."

The findings may lead not only to new diagnostic techniques but to different approaches for treating people with concussions, Ruff said.

"It suggests that the treatment for these people needs to be integrated," he said. "We need to treat not just head trauma or the PTSD but to treat them together."

More information

To learn more about PTSD, visit the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health online.



SOURCES: Robert Ruff, M.D., chief, neurology service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and professor of neurology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland; Keith A. Young, Ph.D., associate professor, vice chairman for research, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, Texas, and neuroimaging and genetics core leader, VA Center of Excellence for Research on Returning War Veterans; Vol. 45, No. 7, Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Drug for cluster headaches may cause heart problems
2. New Treatment Explored for Cluster Headaches
3. High Blood Pressure May Be Buffer Against Headaches
4. Office initiative reduces headaches and neck and shoulder pain by more than 40 percent
5. New Research and Treatment Options for Millions Suffering Headaches and Chronic Pain to be Presented at 10th Annual Headache and Pain Conference
6. The Chopra Center for Wellbeing Introduces Ayurnas: A Soothing Natural Remedy for Sinus Congestion, Chronic Headaches, and Cold Symptoms
7. Figure Skater Peggy Fleming Teams With HealthSaver: To Relieve Headaches, Be Proactive
8. Urgent need for research into the best treatment for medication overuse headaches
9. Study provides hope that some transplant patients could live free of antirejection drugs
10. Study provides hope that some transplant patients could live free of anti-rejection drugs
11. HIV denialists spread misinformation online -- consequences could be deadly; and more
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/6/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 06, 2016 , ... With ... and easily add warm color grades to their footage. A LUT is a Lookup ... pixel's color to the corresponding color indicated by the table. By manipulating each pixel, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Bethpage, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... florist-quality long-stem roses in a variety of colors, assortments and packaging. This staple for ... at any King Kullen location. , For Valentine’s Day, not only are long-stem ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... The event is being held on April 7, ... Minneapolis, Minn. Triumph Over Parkinson’s will fund nearly $100,000 for research for the care ... with Parkinson’s disease and is the architect of this informative event to raise awareness ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Freed-Hardeman University President ... have signed a joint enrollment and degree completion agreement. The agreement, which ... baccalaureate degrees at FHU|Dickson. , The agreement allows students to be jointly ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... independent PROSHRED franchises from across the country gathered at the La Valencia Hotel ... top performers. PROSHRED Chicago was named the year’s most outstanding franchise, walking ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  ivWatch, a medical devices company, is ... Award granted by Governor Terry McAuliffe,s office. ivWatch ... February 25th at an event to be held at the ... award honors professionals and business that have made significant contributions ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160205/330117LOGO ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/jsc97m/global ... "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: Deal trends, ... their offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/jsc97m/global ... "Global Musculoskeletal Partnering 2010-2016: Deal trends, ... their offering. --> Research ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 Dehaier Medical ... or the "Company"), which develops, markets and sells ... China and international markets, ... which aims to concentrate the Company,s resources to ... respiratory business and to focus more on its ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: