Navigation Links
WIC might prevent mothers from feeding cow's milk too early
Date:6/29/2010

Some low-income mothers are more likely than others to introduce their infants to cow's milk too soon. In doing so, they may put their children at risk of health complications, according to a study by researchers at Penn State and the Institute for Children and Poverty, New York.

The study showed that women who enrolled in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's WIC program during their first or second trimester of pregnancy -- from week one to week twenty-seven -- were far less likely to introduce cow's milk too soon than women who enrolled in WIC during their third trimester or who did not enroll at all.

"What this study tells us is that if we intervene by enrolling low-income women in WIC earlier on in their pregnancies, it will be healthier for the babies," said Daphne Hernandez, assistant professor of human development and family studies, Penn State.

The researchers analyzed WIC enrollment by trimester of pregnancy. Past studies have only looked at whether or not women had enrolled in the program. The study is helping researchers to better understand the critical time period in which proper nutrition can be reinforced in low-income women, which will have lasting effects in improving their children's health. The researchers reported their results in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Although many adults drink cow's milk, it can be harmful to infants' health. The American Association of Pediatrics recommends that children not drink cow's milk before their first birthday. In addition to being difficult for infants to digest, cow's milk is much lower in iron than breast milk and formula, which means that infants who are fed cow's milk are at an increased risk for developing anemia or other iron deficiency disorders.

Hernandez hypothesizes that women who enter WIC by their second trimester may be influenced by dietary information provided to them by WIC. The study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort -- a nationally representative longitudinal study of children born in 2001. The researchers found that low-income mothers were also far more likely to formula feed rather than breastfeed their infants. Breast milk has other benefits over formula and cow's milk. It contains antibodies that can boost infants' immunity, it can provide emotional benefits for baby and mother and it can help mothers lose post pregnancy weight. Because of the evidence for the positive effects of breast milk, WIC encourages mothers to breastfeed. However, Hernandez believes the low breastfeeding rate among WIC participants is related to the lack of proper facilities to pump breast milk at low-wage jobs sites.

"We need to rethink the environment of low-wage jobs by taking a closer look at who is being hired and what public programs are available to them to see if there's a disconnect between low-wage job facilities and advice that is delivered by public programs," said Hernandez.

Hernandez believes that doctors and employers can learn from this study and that they can provide access and information to mothers to improve their infants' health.

"If doctors know that a pregnant patient is economically disadvantaged, they can help get the patient enrolled in WIC sooner. It can be as simple as providing them with an application form or showing them a list of grocery stores that accept WIC dollars," she says.


'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. MP3 Players Might Harm Hearing
2. Coffee Might Guard Against Head, Neck Cancers
3. Stomach Bacteria Might Trigger Rheumatoid Arthritis
4. World Cup Matches Might Boost Your Mental Health
5. Gene-Based Detection Method Might Spot HIV Earlier
6. Genetics, Insecticides Might Contribute to Parkinsons
7. Kids With Down Syndrome Might Get Help Learning
8. New Tests for Prostate Cancer Might Bring More Certainty
9. Allergies Might Trigger Depression
10. Eyeglass Change Might Keep Elderly From Falling
11. Germs in Soil Might Give Learning a Boost
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Drs. Steven White and Brad Haines are pleased to announce ... of this offer, valued at more than $300 per year, new patients can enjoy ... patients receive a complimentary professional whitening procedure. , Stained or yellowed tooth enamel ...
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Nightingale College continues the semiannual Give Back Day tradition for ... College dedicates to serving and volunteering for organizations that provide indispensable resources to the ... that need a little extra help. , The College’s Give Back Day initiative ...
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... August 23, 2017 , ... MobilityWorks ®, the nation's ... the 2017 Inc. 500|5000, an exclusive ranking of America’s fastest-growing private companies. MobilityWorks ... percent, marking the twelfth year that the company has been included on the ...
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... August 23, 2017 , ... ... (SNAC) is holding an inaugural State of the Science Symposium in partnership ... Wednesday, Sept. 20, 2017. , This symposium provides a forum for global leaders ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... NASHVILLE, Tenn. (PRWEB) , ... August 22, 2017 ... ... Company, is pleased to announce the addition of Zack Tisch as the ... services for the KLAS-ranked healthcare IT consulting firm’s national accounts, from assisting clients ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/7/2017)... Mich., Aug. 7, 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), ... the quarter ended June 30, 2017.  All comparisons, unless otherwise ... Second Quarter 2017 Highlights ... to $1,089 million, an increase of 3.5% ... Gross margin of 7.5% versus 7.6% ...
(Date:8/4/2017)... , Aug. 4, 2017 The search ... shortly after a physician/patient consult has long been the ... was a notable focus of the largest meeting of ... according to healthcare market research firm Kalorama Information.  The ... testing (POCT) offerings or related supplies and software were ...
(Date:8/3/2017)... , Aug. 3, 2017  Opioid addiction and other ... up healthcare costs and threatening outcomes, were problems taken ... and IVD industry that support them, met this week. ... researcher said that drugs of abuse, procalcitonin and acute ... at the organization,s 69th meeting in San ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: