Navigation Links
WIC might prevent mothers from feeding cow's milk too early
Date:6/29/2010

Some low-income mothers are more likely than others to introduce their infants to cow's milk too soon. In doing so, they may put their children at risk of health complications, according to a study by researchers at Penn State and the Institute for Children and Poverty, New York.

The study showed that women who enrolled in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's WIC program during their first or second trimester of pregnancy -- from week one to week twenty-seven -- were far less likely to introduce cow's milk too soon than women who enrolled in WIC during their third trimester or who did not enroll at all.

"What this study tells us is that if we intervene by enrolling low-income women in WIC earlier on in their pregnancies, it will be healthier for the babies," said Daphne Hernandez, assistant professor of human development and family studies, Penn State.

The researchers analyzed WIC enrollment by trimester of pregnancy. Past studies have only looked at whether or not women had enrolled in the program. The study is helping researchers to better understand the critical time period in which proper nutrition can be reinforced in low-income women, which will have lasting effects in improving their children's health. The researchers reported their results in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Although many adults drink cow's milk, it can be harmful to infants' health. The American Association of Pediatrics recommends that children not drink cow's milk before their first birthday. In addition to being difficult for infants to digest, cow's milk is much lower in iron than breast milk and formula, which means that infants who are fed cow's milk are at an increased risk for developing anemia or other iron deficiency disorders.

Hernandez hypothesizes that women who enter WIC by their second trimester may be influenced by dietary information provided to them by WIC. The study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort -- a nationally representative longitudinal study of children born in 2001. The researchers found that low-income mothers were also far more likely to formula feed rather than breastfeed their infants. Breast milk has other benefits over formula and cow's milk. It contains antibodies that can boost infants' immunity, it can provide emotional benefits for baby and mother and it can help mothers lose post pregnancy weight. Because of the evidence for the positive effects of breast milk, WIC encourages mothers to breastfeed. However, Hernandez believes the low breastfeeding rate among WIC participants is related to the lack of proper facilities to pump breast milk at low-wage jobs sites.

"We need to rethink the environment of low-wage jobs by taking a closer look at who is being hired and what public programs are available to them to see if there's a disconnect between low-wage job facilities and advice that is delivered by public programs," said Hernandez.

Hernandez believes that doctors and employers can learn from this study and that they can provide access and information to mothers to improve their infants' health.

"If doctors know that a pregnant patient is economically disadvantaged, they can help get the patient enrolled in WIC sooner. It can be as simple as providing them with an application form or showing them a list of grocery stores that accept WIC dollars," she says.


'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. MP3 Players Might Harm Hearing
2. Coffee Might Guard Against Head, Neck Cancers
3. Stomach Bacteria Might Trigger Rheumatoid Arthritis
4. World Cup Matches Might Boost Your Mental Health
5. Gene-Based Detection Method Might Spot HIV Earlier
6. Genetics, Insecticides Might Contribute to Parkinsons
7. Kids With Down Syndrome Might Get Help Learning
8. New Tests for Prostate Cancer Might Bring More Certainty
9. Allergies Might Trigger Depression
10. Eyeglass Change Might Keep Elderly From Falling
11. Germs in Soil Might Give Learning a Boost
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 10, 2016 , ... Everseat has joined the award-winning Allscripts ... physicians. The integration will enable Allscripts users to post open appointments to the ... app. , The partnership gives Everseat substantial added power to help Allscripts meet ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Workrite Ergonomics, who is celebrating their 25th ... humble beginnings to being an internationally recognized leader in their industry. , "We are ... Charlie Lawrence, President of Workrite. “Workrite recognized the importance of good ergonomics before ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Western University ... free oral screenings to 150 children in kindergarten through third grade at Hurley ... Dental Medicine joined Chinese American Dental Society of Southern California volunteers for Give ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... It’s that ... Traci Davis, the new president of the Interscholastic Athletic Association of Maryland (IAAM), Hall ... well how quickly fitness goals are cast aside. , That’s why one of her ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... , ... February is Heart Awareness Month, and to celebrate Health Quest Chiropractic ... the American Heart Association, New Mexico chapter. , A Heart Rate Variability (HRV) scan ... INSiGHT Pulse Wave Profiler utilizes a non-invasive technology to determine a heart’s ability to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016 On Tuesday, February 9th, the ... with its Arthritis Advisory Committee to discuss ... & Johnson,s Remicade and most likely the ... U.S. The Biologics Prescribers Collaborative (BPC) along ... for Patient Access, American Association of Clinical ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... aims to ensure 2,50,532 children between the ages ... th birthday   --> The campaign ... - 5 years reach the milestone of their 5 ... aims to ensure 2,50,532 children between the ages of 2 ... birthday   India , have launched the "Joy of Five" ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... -- Misonix, Inc. (NASDAQ: MSON ), an international ... innovative therapeutic ultrasonic products for spine surgery, skull-based ... and other surgical applications, today announced financial results ... of fiscal year 2016 ended December 31, 2015. ... Highlights for the second quarter and first ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: