TUESDAY, March 20 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin E supplements don't appear to affect a healthy woman's overall risk of heart failure one way or the other, researchers report.
"It neither increases nor decreases the risk," said study author Dr. Claudia Chae, a cardiologist at Massachusetts General Hospital.
This latest finding, published in the March 20 issue of Circulation: Heart Failure, differs from previous reports of an increased risk of heart failure with the use of the supplement. However, those studies looked at the effect of the supplements in women who had heart disease or diabetes or who had suffered a heart attack.
The new study is believed to be the first to look at whether vitamin E supplements might help healthy women avoid heart failure.
The new study, Chae said, "adds to a pretty substantial body of data" that does not support the use of supplements for preventing heart disease.
Vitamin E has been suggested as a way to improve heart health due to its antioxidant properties.
For the new study, Chae and her colleagues evaluated nearly 40,000 women enrolled in the Women's Health Study. Each of them took 600 international units of either vitamin E or an inactive placebo every other day. (An intake from food of 22 international units, or about 15 milligrams of vitamin E per day, is the current Institute of Medicine recommendation.)
The researchers followed the women for a decade, on average. During that time, 220 cases of heart failure occurred. The women's intake of vitamin E supplements did not change their risk of developing heart failure. This finding remained true even after the researchers adjusted for factors such as age.
Chae's team then looked at a subgroup that had a type of heart failure known as heart failure with normal ejection fraction. It occurs during the time when the heart is relaxing as it fills with blood.
All rights reserved