Navigation Links
Violence, not overdose, the likely method of suicide in veterans with substance use disorders
Date:6/21/2010

Veterans with substance use disorders who die by suicide are more likely to use violent means (such as a firearm) rather than nonviolent means (such as a drug overdose), new research suggests.

In a study of more than 5,000 Veterans Affairs (VA) patients with substance use disorders, researchers found that, despite having access to potentially lethal substances, 70% of those who died by suicide used violent means. The study was reported in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

This research is the largest known study of risk factors for suicide in individuals with alcohol or drug problems and one of the first to examine risk factors for suicide based on method of attempt. To perform the study, the researchers looked at two distinct groups. They identified 854 VA patients who died by suicide and had substance use disorders, as well as a control group of 4,228 VA patients with substance use disorders who did not die by suicide.

The researchers found that the people who committed suicide by overdose had more -- and more severe -- mental disorders such as depression or posttraumatic stress disorder than people who used violent means.

"What's troubling about these findings is that some of the predictors that we typically think of as good indicators of suicide risk were not as closely related to violent suicide as nonviolent suicide, although violent suicide was the most common type of suicide," said lead researcher Dr. Mark Ilgen, a psychologist at the Ann Arbor VA Health Care System and an assistant professor in the psychiatry department at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. "It's potentially scary if there's a group of patients that is somewhat large in number that we might be missing by paying attention only to psychiatric problems."

The researchers say the findings highlight the importance of suicide prevention in people with substance use disorders. Previous research has found that people with substance use disorders are about 10 to 14 times more likely to die by suicide than people without these problems.

Ilgen said that substance use disorders and suicide are probably linked in several ways: First, people who develop a drug or alcohol addiction may already be at higher risk for suicide. Second, having a substance use disorder can cause problems at work and in relationships, which may increase suicide risk. Third, being under the influence of alcohol or drug can make someone more likely to engage in impulsive behaviors -- such as a suicide attempt.

"Care providers should be aware of the high risk of suicide in this group and do an initial screening for current suicidal thoughts and plans," said Ilgen. "It's easy to wait to think about suicide prevention until someone is depressed, but it's really a conversation worth having with someone who has a substance use disorder, since they're already at risk."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Reproductive coercion often is accompanied by physical or sexual violence, study finds
2. People who suppress anger are more likely to become violent when drunk
3. New model suggests feared side effect of Alzheimers drugs is unlikely
4. Common Birth Defect Likely Inherited
5. Teen Boys Who Attempt Suicide More Likely to Abuse as Adults
6. Uninsured more likely to die from trauma than patients with insurance, study finds
7. Delay in surgery not likely to worsen tumors in men with low-risk prostate cancer
8. Lead Poisoning Unlikely Cause of Beethovens Death
9. Todays College Students More Likely to Lack Empathy
10. Homeless Americans Unlikely to Receive Basic Health Care
11. African-Americans and women are less likely to undergo bone marrow transplantation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... , ... Drs. Jennifer Houck, Lauren Smith, Heather Johnson and the India Hook ... of skilled pediatric dentistry in Rock Hill, SC, without a referral. With ... including cavities, sealants and fluoride applications, in a comfortable and fun environment. , Introducing ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 22, 2017 , ... The Carballo Agency, a comprehensive ... New York metropolitan region, is embarking on a cooperative charity drive with Family ... present, more than two and a half million children in the United States ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... ... Schneider Insurance and Financial, a southern Montana firm providing asset protection and financial ... a charity event aimed at raising local support for Zoo Montana. , Zoo Montana ... home to a broad variety of animals from all over the world. Many of ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 22, 2017 , ... The Senior Citizens League ... prevent a default on the federal debt — including the debt held by the ... concern, ” said TSCL in a letter to House and Senate budget leaders. ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 22, 2017 , ... Sharon Kleyne is the ... than two decades ago to research evaporation of earth’s and the body’s water vapor ... health. Also the host of the nationally syndicated radio program, The Sharon Kleyne Hour ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... ROCHESTER, N.Y. , March 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... Steriliz R-D™ Rapid Disinfector™ is the proven ultraviolet-C ... that cause healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). ... American Journal of Infection Control , the peer-reviewed ... testing and experiences of Vancouver General Hospital and ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017 ... market is growing rapidly due to the significant development ... published by Allied Market Research, the global electrophysiology market ... to reach $8.271 billion by 2022, with a GAGR ... is used to diagnose abnormal heartbeats or arrhythmia. The ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Kalorama Information has noted five news developments ... the industry.  This month the FDA granted a CLIA waiver ... testing market has reached $18.4 billion in sales and ... legal battle and the acquisition by Abbott is still ... new chemistry analyzer and researchers evaluated fetal fibronectin screening ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: