Navigation Links
Vest Monitors 'Individual' Air Pollution

Researchers in Detroit say it detected additional cardiovascular damage

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have used the novel idea of a "pollution vest" to determine that individual exposure to air pollution can harm a person's heart health beyond whatever damage that community-level exposure can cause.

"The challenge of air pollution is that what people are exposed to and what most studies talk about . . . rarely represent the micro environment of what's in your house," explained American Heart Association spokesman Dr. Russell Luepker, Mayo professor of epidemiology and community health at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. "People have been working to try to get individual monitors that people can wear, so they can know what people are really inhaling as opposed to what they might be inhaling a mile away from where the monitor was."

"People shouldn't panic, but it's important that people be aware that air pollution is a contributor to cardiovascular disease," said Robert Bard, co-investigator of a study that was presented Wednesday at the heart association's annual scientific sessions, in New Orleans. "Things people can do include supporting legislation for cleaner air initiatives and, if somebody has cardiovascular disease, they may consider avoiding exposures to air pollution during peak levels, because this can potentially be a trigger for a cardiovascular event. Things everyone can do include limiting commutes and contributing less to production of pollutants."

Previous research has drawn an association between fine particulate matter air pollution and an increased risk for cardiovascular events.

It's unclear however, if daily changes in particulate matter might affect the heart and if ambient (outside) sources of air pollution have different effects than non-ambient (inside) sources.

The authors of this study were able to determine just that.

Sixty-five participants in the cardiovascular sub-study of the Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study (DEARS) wore vests outfitted with monitors to collect both personal and community-based levels of air pollutants on five consecutive days during both the summer and the winter.

All volunteers were nonsmokers and lived in nonsmoking households in three different areas of Detroit.

"We specifically looked at the pollution they were individually exposed to," explained Bard, who is a research associate in the division of cardiovascular medicine at the University of Michigan Medical Center in Ann Arbor.

The average person in the study experienced increased blood pressure (1.6 millimeter of mercury) and a narrowing of blood vessels related to personal air pollution within two days of exposure. These changes could lead to heart attacks, strokes and heart failure, the authors stated.

Broader, community exposure was linked with poorer blood vessel functioning, but not higher blood pressure.

The air pollution measured was within parameters considered acceptable by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

And almost one-third of volunteers were exposed to secondhand smoke, even though they were nonsmokers living in nonsmoking households.

According to the study authors, a 10-microgram per cubic meter increase in air pollution at the community level leads to a 1 percent chance of dying the day after exposure, amounting to about one extra death per day in an area of 1 million to 5 million people.

More information

Learn more about air pollution, heart disease and stroke at the American Heart Association.

SOURCES: Robert L. Bard, M.S., research associate, division of cardiovascular medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor; Russell V. Luepker, M.D., American Heart Association spokesman, Mayo professor, department of epidemiology and community health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; Nov. 12, 2008, presentation, American Heart Association annual scientific sessions, New Orleans

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. New implant device remotely monitors heart failure patients at Northwestern Memorial
2. Seizures in newborns can be detected with small, portable brain activity monitors
3. Omron Healthcare Develops Solar-Powered Digital Blood Pressure Monitors
4. Investigating causes of asthma attacks: New sensor system monitors environmental exposure
5. Signalife to Deploy Fidelity 100 Heart Monitors for AFL
6. Michigan Business & Professional Association Urges Legislature to Act Quickly on Individual Health Care Reform
7. Remuda Ranch Reports Many Individuals With Eating Disorders Are Not Getting Help They Need
8. Local Leaders Support Needy Individuals, Communities
9. Healthy individuals may be at risk for heart disease
10. The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia Receives Grant to Study Tailoring Pediatric Preventive Care to Individual Needs
11. Georgia to Offer More Community Living Alternatives for Individuals With Disabilities
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Vest Monitors 'Individual' Air Pollution
(Date:11/24/2015)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... author explored the different restrictions and variables that determine which patients are or are ... are those patients that have a BMI over 40, are more than 100 pounds ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... It takes only three to five seconds to ... that the first impression be positive and reflects business values. If a client starts ... or want to return. They will also share their thoughts about a business with ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Cancer patients, survivors, caregivers, ... at a live taping of the next CURE Connections® video series ... Cancers 2015 Symposium at Georgetown University Hotel & Conference Center in Washington, D.C. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Aided by seed funding ... an innovative study designed to yield insights into how to detect and treat pancreatic ... for pancreatic cancer from small, non-coding RNA molecules (ncRNA), genetic material that is present ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 24, 2015 , ... Sir Grout of Baltimore is proud ... The award recognizes good companies for excellence in service and a commitment to ... hard surface restoration company earned this recognition after a thorough review by the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... LONDON , November 24, 2015 ... PCSK9 Inhibitors, CETP Inhibitors, MTTP Inhibitors, ApoB Inhibitors and ... areas are going to grow at the fastest rates? ... to 2025, assessing data, trends, opportunities and prospects there. ... graphs. Discover the most lucrative areas in the industry ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , UAE, November 24, 2015   ... and dietician deliver s advice and ...   More than 50% of ... to keep themselves healthy according to the DHA   femMED ... in the UAE    Dubai residents are not ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Eyewear brand Revo ... collaboration with U2 lead singer and activist Bono as part ... prevent vision impairment and blindness in more than 5 million ... Revo will donate $10 from the sale of every ... up to a total of $10 million to the "Buy ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: