TUESDAY, April 3 (HealthDay News) -- Eating broccoli, one of the top "super foods," and other cruciferous vegetables may improve your odds for breast cancer survival, a new study suggests.
In a study of women in China diagnosed with breast cancer, researchers found that women who consumed the most cruciferous vegetables were 62 percent less likely to die of breast cancer and 35 percent less likely to have a recurrence of the disease, compared with those who consumed the least.
The most common cruciferous vegetables that the women reported eating were mustard and turnip greens, bok choy, cauliflower and green cabbage. Kale, collard greens and arugula are other cruciferous vegetables.
"This study suggests that cruciferous vegetables and the bioactive compounds in them may be protective against breast cancer," said Sarah Nechuta, a research fellow in the Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center in Nashville, Tenn., and lead author of the study.
However, it is not clear if this association would be seen for women in the United States, who tend to eat a different assortment of the vegetables -- more broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts than bok choy, Nechuta added.
Previous studies of women in China, the United States and Sweden hinted that higher cruciferous vegetable intake could be linked with reduced risk of developing breast cancer, but the current research is among the first to examine women after a breast cancer diagnosis.
The findings are slated for presentation Tuesday at the American Association for Cancer Research meeting in Chicago.
The study involved almost 5,000 women between 20 and 75 years old who were part of the Shanghai Breast Cancer Survival Study. Researchers interviewed the women within six months of their diagnosis to gather information about diet, lifestyle and such clinical factors as tumor stage. They also asked about their intake of c
All rights reserved