Navigation Links
Vascular brain disorder misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis
Date:3/9/2011

MAYWOOD, Ill. -- A devastating vascular disorder of the brain called CADASIL, which strikes young adults and leads to early dementia, often is misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis, Loyola University Health System researchers report.

CADASIL occurs when thickening of blood vessel walls blocks blood flow in the brain. The early manifestation is migraine headaches, progressing to strokes and mini strokes, depression, apathy, motor disability and executive dysfunction (inability to plan and organize everyday activities.) The final symptom is dementia.

CADASIL is caused by mutations of a single gene called NOTCH 3. If an individual carries the mutated gene, he or she inevitably will develop the disease, and there's a 50 percent chance that each of the individual's children will inherit the mutation and the disease.

Researchers conducted an exhaustive series of genetic, physical and psychological tests and exams on 11 CADASIL patients. "We found a delay in the detection of this pathology and previous diagnostic errors in some patients and their relatives," researchers wrote. "Multiple sclerosis was the most frequent misdiagnosis."

The study is published in Revista de Neurologia (Journal of Neurology) in Spain.

The study was a subset of a larger study to determine whether the Alzheimer's disease drug donepezil (trade name, Aricept) can help in CADASIL patients. This larger study found there generally was no benefit to the drug.

CADASIL stands for cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy. It was realistically portrayed by one of the main characters in the critically acclaimed 2004 movie "The Sea Inside."

"It is a terrible disease that runs in families, and unfortunately we as yet don't have effective treatments," said Dr. Jos Biller, senior author of the study and chairman of the Department of Neurology of Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

There are several reasons why CADASIL is misdiagnosed as MS. Both diseases tend to strike young adults. There are similarities in brain MRIs, and both diseases can cause focal neurologic signs and symptoms.

While there currently are no effective treatments, researchers are making significant progress in better understanding CADASIL, Biller said. "The field is exploding, and there is hope down the road that there will be new treatments for these patients," Biller said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Early life stress may predict cardiovascular disease
2. Nurses unite to improve cardiovascular practice
3. NEJM Publishes Trial Results Demonstrating Bard FLAIR Endovascular Stent Graft Is Superior To Balloon Angioplasty For Failing Dialysis Grafts
4. Tiny molecules may tell big story about cardiovascular disease risk
5. Antibodies linked to cardiovascular disease increase in patients with active lupus
6. Arterial disease awareness cuts heart attacks and leg amputations, claim UK vascular surgeons
7. UBC-Providence health team identifies a key predictor of cardiovascular death
8. Radiotherapy can cause lasting vascular disease
9. AFib Educator app and widget offers patient dialogue tool for complex cardiovascular disease
10. Tackling cardiovascular disease surge worldwide requires collaboration
11. Live Online Chats Answer Questions About Vascular Disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Dr. ... New York, has recently begun offering three new minimally invasive procedures to patients ... procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited to bring microneedling, microneedling facials, ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Goodcents Deli Fresh Subs today announced the opening ... 4210 SW 21st St. Topeka, Kan. 66604 (near 21st and Gage). It is owned ... owns three other locations in the Topeka and Bonner Springs, Kan. area. , ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... Breast Cancer Conference from Sept. 18 to 20. , The two-day conference is ... subtype with the goal of improving patients’ lives and eliminating racial breast cancer-related ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... PureLife Dental is pleased to announce ... for CDA members. As part of the amalgam separator endorsement, all CDA members may ... than $400 off the retail value. This partnership between PureLife and CDA is especially ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Ulster University, Magee Campus ... from 9 am to 3 pm to present to graduate students exciting new and ... an original curriculum project led by The Health Improvement Service of the Western Health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/5/2017)... The Cincinnati location of ... (NYSE: DPLO), has been awarded a Top Workplaces 2017 ... Results are based on an employee survey administered by WorkplaceDynamics, ... improvement. The survey measures several aspects of workplace culture, including ... ...
(Date:6/3/2017)... June 3, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company ... results from the Phase 3 MONARCH 2 study ... 6 inhibitor, in combination with fulvestrant, significantly improved ... alone in women with hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal ... who have relapsed or progressed after endocrine therapy ...
(Date:6/1/2017)... BELL, Pa. , June 1, 2017 ... (PRN) and Veterinarian Recommended Solutions (VRS), and KD Pharma ... investment in Nutriceutical Holdings by KD Pharma Group. KD ... Holdings with the option to acquire the entire company. ... partner in KD. They are committed to growing the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: