Navigation Links
Vapor rub relieves cold symptoms for children, helps them sleep better
Date:11/8/2010

Applying a vapor rub is effective for treating children with night-time cough and congestion and improves sleep for children with cold symptoms, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

"Upper respiratory infections are the most common acute illnesses in the world," said Ian Paul, M.D., M.Sc., associate professor of pediatrics and public health sciences. "Symptoms caused by these infections are disruptive for children, and often disturb sleep for both ill children and their parents, with an impact on subsequent daytime activities. Safe and effective, evidence-based treatments are desperately needed by parents and healthcare providers for children."

Recent studies by Paul and colleagues at the Penn State College of Medicine looked at the efficacy of oral over-the-counter treatments such as dextromethorphan and diphenhydramine for upper respiratory infection symptoms. They found the preparations no more effective than a placebo. Vapor rubs, containing menthol, camphor and eucalyptus oils, have been used for over a century without published evidence to support their use.

"The American Academy of Pediatrics does not support the use of over-the-counter oral cough and cold medications for children due to a lack of evidence of efficacy and the potential for side effects," Paul said. "The question of whether clinicians can recommend a vapor rub topical treatment to treat cold symptoms required evaluation."

Paul and his research team recruited 138 children ages 2 to 11 for the study. Parents assessed their child's symptoms the night before enrollment in the study. Each child was then randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: Vicks VapoRub, petroleum jelly placebo, and no treatment. Parents of children receiving the vapor rub or petroleum jelly massaged the treatment into their child's neck and chest 30 minutes before bedtime.

The randomized study was partially double-blinded. Medical staff did not know what treatment each participating family received when distributing their sealed specimen cup-containing envelope. Parents of children who received the vapor rub or petroleum jelly were blinded to their treatment group. To accomplish this, given the characteristic scent of vapor rubs, parents received their own specimen cup of vapor rub that they were instructed to apply between their own upper lip and nose before opening their child's treatment in order to ensure they could not detect the smell of their child's treatment. Parents of children in the no treatment group received an empty specimen cup.

Parents then completed a second survey the following morning assessing their child's cough, sleep, congestion and runny nose.

In comparisons across the three treatment groups, parents reported that the vapor rub provided significantly greater relief as measured by cough frequency, cough severity, congestion and the child's ability to sleep. Parents also rated their own sleep as most improved in the vapor rub group when compared across the three study groups. Paired comparisons between the vapor rub group and the no treatment group demonstrated the superiority of the vapor rub for all study outcomes except runny nose. Paired comparison of the vapor rub group to the petroleum jelly group showed vapor rub improved child's sleep, parent's sleep and the combined symptom score. The petroleum jelly placebo was not significantly better than no-treatment for any study outcome.

The most common side effect cited with the use of the vapor rub was a burning sensation of the skin, reported by 28 percent of participants receiving that treatment. No side effects were reported with use of petroleum jelly.

The results of this study suggest that an old, commonly used remedy is effective at providing symptomatic relief from night-time cold symptoms with the added benefit of improving sleep for children with colds and their parents," Paul said. "Vapor rubs have been used for generations, but this study demonstrates that this therapy is indeed effective." The research results appear in the December issue of "Pediatrics."


'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-0003
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Vaporizer Price Wars and Knock-Offs Spawn Authorized Vaporizer Dealers
2. New Vaporizer Technologies Revolutionize Smoking
3. Study: Tai Chi relieves arthritis pain, improves reach, balance, well-being
4. Surgical technique relieves painful spine fractures in patients with metastatic cancer
5. Self-directed behavioral IBS treatment rapidly relieves even the most severe symptoms
6. Children with ADHD Symptoms at Higher Risk of Obesity
7. Study suggests sensitivity to bodily symptoms of anxiety may make a difference in treatment
8. Yoga May Combat Fibromyalgia Symptoms
9. Physical symptoms common, disabling among patients with cancer and pain or depression
10. Physical symptoms prevalent no matter what stage of cancer including remission
11. Air pollution alters immune function, worsens asthma symptoms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Element Blue ™, a leading ... strategic partnership with Lucidworks , the company transforming the way people access ... for building powerful enterprise search applications. , Element Blue is a global team ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... i2i Population Health, a national leader ... , “Cary’s broad financial background is an excellent fit for i2i,” ... and day-to-day financial operations skills we need to take the company to the next ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 24, 2017 , ... The ... MSC Cruises as part of the line’s 4th Annual MSC True Partnerships’ Awards. ... performing North American travel partners for the year based on overall business growth in ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... Twelve startups ... of the 2017 Cupid's Cup Entrepreneurship Competition. Chaired by Under Armour Founder and ... The entrepreneurs will showcase their businesses on February 6, 2017, at Under Armour’s ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 24, 2017 , ... West’s Health ... annual Solutions Series of webinars will start January 31 with a session about ... of current health and benefits topics, including employee engagement, pricing transparency, population health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/24/2017)... India , Jan. 24, 2017 Market Research Future has ... Market for Wound Closure Device is growing rapidly and expected to continue ... ... at a CAGR of 5% from 2013 to 2019 and reaching a ... of the forecasted period, 2016-2022 Global Wound Closure Device Market ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... Nev. , Jan. 24, 2017  The ... that specializes in high-value orthopaedic implants, announced the ... today. The OIC Tibial Nail ... tibia. Strategically placed proximal and distal screw holes ... hole that allows dynamization.  The nail is available ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... 2017 Trifecta Clinical , a leading ... Rick Ward to Vice President of Commercial ... also announcing the promotion of Ericka Atkinson ... Rick joins Trifecta from Greenphire where he was ... business development positions within the healthcare industry throughout his ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: