Navigation Links
Vanderbilt study explores genetics behind Alzheimer's resiliency

Autopsies have revealed that some individuals develop the cellular changes indicative of Alzheimer's disease without ever showing clinical symptoms in their lifetime.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center memory researchers have discovered a potential genetic variant in these asymptomatic individuals that may make brains more resilient against Alzheimer's.

"Most Alzheimer's research is searching for genes that predict the disease, but we're taking a different approach. We're looking for genes that predict who among those with Alzheimer's pathology will actually show clinical symptoms of the disease," said principal investigator Timothy Hohman, Ph.D., a post-doctoral research fellow in the Center for Human Genetics Research and the Vanderbilt Memory and Alzheimer's Center.

The article, "Genetic modification of the relationship between phosphorylated tau and neurodegeneration," was published online recently in the journal Alzheimer's and Dementia.

The researchers used a marker of Alzheimer's disease found in cerebrospinal fluid called phosphorylated tau. In brain cells, tau is a protein that stabilizes the highways of cellular transport in neurons. In Alzheimer's disease tau forms "tangles" that disrupt cellular messages.

Analyzing a sample of 700 subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, Hohman and colleagues looked for genetic variants that modify the relationship between phosphorylated tau and lateral ventricle dilation a measure of disease progression visible with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). One genetic mutation (rs4728029) was found to relate to both ventricle dilation and cognition and is a marker of neuroinflammation.

"This gene marker appears to be related to an inflammatory response in the presence of phosphorylated tau," Hohman said.

"It appears that certain individuals with a genetic predisposition toward a 'bad' neuroinflammatory response have neurodegeneration. But those with a genetic predisposition toward no inflammatory response, or a reduced one, are able to endure the pathology without marked neurodegeneration."

Hohman hopes to expand the study to include a larger sample and investigate gene and protein expression using data from a large autopsy study of Alzheimer's disease.

"The work highlights the possible mechanism behind asymptomatic Alzheimer's disease, and with that mechanism we may be able to approach intervention from a new perspective. Future interventions may be able to activate these innate response systems that protect against developing Alzheimer's symptoms," Hohman said.


Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Related medicine news :

1. Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
2. Vanderbilt study: Ancient chemical bond may aid cancer therapy
3. Vanderbilt study finds limited resources for injured surgeons
4. AxoGen, Inc. Receives Grant in Partnership with Vanderbilt University from U.S. Department of Defense
5. Vanderbilt study finds lack of exercise not a factor in health disparities
6. Vanderbilt study finds maternal diet important predictor of severity for infant RSV
7. Vanderbilt study reveals clues to childhood respiratory virus
8. Vanderbilt study examines Affordable Care Acts impact on uncompensated care
9. Vanderbilt study finds diverse genetic alterations in triple-negative breast cancers
10. UNC, Vanderbilt discover a new live vaccine approach for SARS and novel coronaviruses
11. Vanderbilt study looks at benefits of progestogens to prevent early childbirth
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... dentistry out of Glen Ridge, NJ. He has both advanced training and ... mastication. He is also an expert in cosmetic dentistry. He is an ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ”Dying Words: The AIDS Reporting of Jeff Schmalz ... 2015, to coincide with World AIDS Day. The multi-media project will be in audio ... epidemic as he was dying of the disease. , A collaborative effort led by ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Reading, PA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... Ashland Specialty Ingredients (ASI) as their exclusive channel partner for the Nutraceutical Specialties ... supplements markets in the US, effective immediately. , “We are pleased to ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... PA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... An ... of life in the womb. "My last baby had high blood pressure due to ... for mothers to protect their babies from noise pollution as well as radio waves ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Since its inception, Seniors ... independent living, assisted living and all other retirement options. Support for issues surrounding ... research remains a top priority. , So it’s no surprise that every ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015   Royal Philips  (NYSE: PHG ... Radiology Solutions, a fully integrated, consultative approach to ... data-driven practice management approaches that combine imaging systems, ... improve care delivery and reduce costs. Making its ... North America Annual Meeting (RSNA) in ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... SAN FRANCISCO , Nov. 30, 2015 ... and Designers of Things (DoT ) co-located events ... Printing and the Internet of Things, will draw more ... San Jose Convention Center. The events, combined ... their latest technologies. --> ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , November 30, 2015 global cell ... of US$6.1 bn to US$11.3 bn by 2022 at a CAGR ... is expected to grow from its 2013 value of US$6.1 bn ... --> Transparency Market Research has announced the release of ... According to the report, titled ,Cell Culture Market - Global Industry ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: