Navigation Links
Valley Fever Fungal Infection on Rise in Southwest

THURSDAY, March 28 (HealthDay News) -- Cases of a fungal lung infection called Valley Fever increased sharply in several southwestern states since the late 1990s, according to a report released Thursday.

In Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah, the number of cases climbed from less than 2,300 in 1998 to more than 22,000 in 2011, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found.

During that time, Arizona and California had the largest average increases in Valley Fever incidence, at 66 percent and 31 percent per year, respectively.

Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis) is caused by inhaling a fungus called Coccidioides, which lives in the soil in southwestern states. Not everyone who is exposed to the fungus gets sick, but those who do become ill typically have flu-like symptoms that can last for weeks or months.

More than 40 percent of patients who get sick may require hospitalization, with an average cost of nearly $50,000 per visit. And research has shown that 75 percent of those who get sick miss work or school for about two weeks, the CDC said.

Between 1998 and 2011, nearly 112,000 cases of Valley Fever were reported in 28 states and Washington, D.C., but 66 percent of the cases were in Arizona, 31 percent were in California, 1 percent were in Nevada, New Mexico and Utah, and about 1 percent were in all other states combined.

More research is needed to determine what is causing the increase in Valley Fever and how to reduce its effects, the CDC said. Possible reasons could be population growth, weather changes that could affect where the fungus grows and how much of it is circulating, or changes in the way the disease is detected and reported to the CDC.

"Valley Fever is causing real health problems for many people living in the southwestern United States," Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the CDC, said in an agency news release. "Because fungus particles spread through the air, it's nearly impossible to completely avoid exposure to this fungus in these hardest-hit states. It's important that people be aware of Valley Fever if they live in or have traveled to the southwest United States."

Doctors and patients need to be aware that the symptoms of Valley Fever are very similar to flu or pneumonia symptoms, the CDC said. A lab test is the only way to diagnosis Valley Fever.

Not everyone who gets Valley Fever requires treatment, but early diagnosis and treatment are important for those at risk for the more severe forms of the disease. Those at higher risk for severe disease include people of Asian descent (particularly Filipino), blacks, pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems, according to the CDC website.

More information

The American Lung Association has more about Valley Fever.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, news release, March 28, 2013

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Dr. Vasily, Lehigh Valley Area Dermatologist, Now Offering Solta Medical Devices for Laser Rejuvenation and Fractional Laser Therapy
2. Hudson Valley ENT Recommends Prepping Now for the 2013 Allergy Season
3. Milford, Ohio: Periodontists of the Ohio Valley Center for Periodontics & Implants Now Bring a Modern Gum Surgery Alternative to their Local Gum Disease Patients
4. Save the Date Durand Community Blood Drives at the American Legion with the Rock River Valley Blood Center
5. Rock River Valley Blood Center offering Pint of Culver’s Frozen Custard to Donors in February
6. Crown Valley Outpatient Surgical Center, one of the top ambulatory surgery centers in Orange County announces the launch of their new website
7. Rock River Valley Blood Center Announces January is National Blood Donor Month
8. Fox Valley Orthopedics Surgeon Dr. Craig Popp Says New Minimally Invasive Herniated Disc Surgery Less Painful
9. Audiology Associates Extends Comprehensive Tinnitus Testing and Treatment Program for Mill Valley Residents
10. Valley Orthopedics Welcomes New Orthopedic Surgeon Specializing in Hip Procedures
11. Travel Services (MyTSOnline) in Valencia Teams Up With Vendors to Become the Number One Travel Agent in the Santa Clarita Valley
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Valley Fever Fungal Infection on Rise in Southwest
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... 28, 2015 , ... StatRad , a leading provider ... and Claude Hooton to its board of directors. The announcement comes as the ... Annual Meeting and continues to strategically transform its focus from being a teleradiology ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Pixel Film Studios is back again with ProPanel: Pulse ... are endless. Users have full control over angle of view, speed method, start point, ... sure to get heads to turn. , ProPanel: Pulse offers fully customizable pulsating shape ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... According to an article published November 15th by ... handling security in light of the recent terrorist attacks in Paris, other cities are ... an attack from reaching U.S. soil. Especially around special events that may be high-profile ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... filthy the toilets were," said an inventor from Hillside, N.J. "Many people catch ... seat cover so that individuals will always be protected from germs." , He ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... MPWH, the No.1 Herpes-only dating community in the world, revealed that over 50% ... More than 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 – or 67% of the ... first global estimates of HSV-1 infection . , "The data shocks us highly!" said ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... , Nov. 27, 2015 Research and Markets ... "Global Intrauterine Devices Market 2015-2019" report to ... --> In this report, the author the present ... market for 2015-2019. To calculate the market size, the ... type of products: Hormonal IUDs and copper IUDs. The ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... the Netherlands , November 26, 2015 ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic ... A new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic ... the Netherlands has found that immunotherapy can ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Nov. 26, 2015 Research and Markets ... the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ... Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging ... --> --> This ... the Japanese therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: