Navigation Links
Vaginal Gel Cuts Risk of HIV Infection, Study Shows
Date:7/20/2010

nital herpes [HSV-2], which is common in developing countries and in the United States, and facilitates HIV transmission," Fenton added.

Almost three-quarters of AIDS cases worldwide are in Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Women represent about half of all HIV infections globally; young women are particularly at risk.

So far, trials of microbicides -- compounds to be applied to the vagina or rectum to prevent infection with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) -- have been disappointing.

Eleven trials in the past 15 years have shown no change or even sometimes an increase in transmission rates, said study co-author Quarraisha Abdool Karim, associate director of CAPRISA and an associate professor of epidemiology at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in New York City.

Quarraisha Abdool Karim and Salim S. Abdool Karim are married.

For this study, close to 900 HIV-negative women aged 18 to 40 in urban and rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, an epicenter of the AIDS epidemic, were randomized to take the Viread gel or a placebo gel.

Participants were told to administer two doses of the gel: one within 12 hours before sex and one within 12 hours after sex.

The trial lasted almost three years.

Overall, the gel reduced HIV infection by 39 percent. But in women who had high adherence (using the gel more than 80 percent of the time), the risk reduction was 54 percent, compared to women in the placebo group.

"Without this gel, for every 100 women we may see 10 women being infected in a year," said Salim S. Abdool Karim. "With this gel, we would see only six women being infected."

The gel also reduced the risk of contracting genital herpes by 51 percent, a factor which could slow the spread of HIV even further, given that people with genital herpes have double the risk of getting HIV, said Salim S. Abdool Karim.

The gel appeared to be less effective after 18 months. "We think the dim
'/>"/>

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. NOSCAR announces first NOTES transoral and transvaginal gallbladder removals performed as part of US multicenter human trial
2. MSU researcher links potentially deadly infection, frequent cow exposure
3. Sinus Dynamics Reaches Milestone with Treatment of Nasal Allergy, Sinus Infection, Acute and Chronic Sinusitis Treating 25,000th Patient
4. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
5. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
6. TV drama can be more persuasive than news program, study finds
7. Study carried out into biological risks of eating reptiles
8. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
9. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
10. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
11. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Vaginal Gel Cuts Risk of HIV Infection, Study Shows
(Date:12/17/2014)... -- Expectant parents should leave prenatal picture-taking to medical ... Use of ultrasound imaging and heartbeat monitors to get ... agency warns. "Although there is a lack ... and heartbeat monitors, prudent use of these devices by ... FDA biomedical engineer, said in an agency news release. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Dec. 16, ... America, and work commitment is a big reason why, new ... said Dr. Mathias Basner, an assistant professor of sleep and ... of Medicine. A time-use survey of nearly 125,000 Americans, ... main activity exchanged for sleep. Short sleepers -- those who ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 15, 2014 South Florida’s leading urgent care ... can be a daze of hassle, hustle, and bustle that ... decking halls, to burns when making special meals and heartburn ... can happen at any time. To prevent this season of ... made a list of helpful and healthful holiday tips to ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... News) -- Expert pilots process visual information more efficiently ... better decisions during landings, a new study shows. ... pilots to master, and 36 percent of all airplane ... final approach and landing. Researchers monitored the brain ... pilots while they were at the controls of a ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 15, 2014 At the leading, long-established ... AutismOne and Focus Autism will welcome ... research on the effects of toxins to children’s health, ... information. , Luminaries such as Dr. Lucija Tomljenovic ... with esteemed, credentialed colleagues of the United States to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:FDA Warns Against Fetal 'Keepsake' Videos 2Health News:Work Steals Valuable Sleep Time, Study Finds 2Health News:Work Steals Valuable Sleep Time, Study Finds 3Health News:MD Now Urgent Care Presents Healthy Holiday Tips 2Health News:MD Now Urgent Care Presents Healthy Holiday Tips 3Health News:Study Shows Why Expert Pilots Are Experts 2Health News:AutismOne and Focus Autism Collaborate on Scientific Conference; International Group of Researchers to Present in Chicago, May 2015 2Health News:AutismOne and Focus Autism Collaborate on Scientific Conference; International Group of Researchers to Present in Chicago, May 2015 3
... and vision assessments provided by InfantSEE(R) ProgramCHARLESTON, W.Va., ... of children with eye and vision problems across ... appointments to no-cost, comprehensive eye and vision assessments ... age through InfantSEE(R). InfantSEE(R), a public health program ...
... New York, N.Y. April 28, 2009 Peripheral arterial disease ... plaque and blood supply to the legs is reduced, affects eight ... because it can limit the ability to walk and exercise, it ... increases the chance of having a heart attack or stroke. Coronary ...
... text to speech instantly converts Word, PDF, PowerPoint, Excel and Web ... ... NJ (PRWEB) April 28, 2009 -- iSpeech.org, text to speech software ... to anyone using the Box.net platform. The integration allows Box customers ...
... Health Care ReformWASHINGTON, April 28 Private-sector strategies ... an essential component of comprehensive health care reform, ... AHIP hosted a press conference today to highlight ... to reward quality and spur improvement."There is widespread ...
... membership organizations today released Guidelines for Patient Centered ... the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), the ... of Physicians (ACP) and the American Osteopathic Association ... pediatrician, family physician, internist and osteopathic physician members ...
... studies have shown that depression is associated with an increased ... clear. , Now, researchers at Rush University Medical Center have ... fat, the kind of fat packed between internal organs at ... risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. , The study is ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 2Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 3Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 4Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 5Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 6Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 7Health News:West Virginia Optometrists Partner With Sens. Byrd and Rockefeller, U.S. House Leaders in Improving Infant Eye and Vision Care 8Health News:Arterial disease of the leg frequently overlooked in patients with heart disease 2Health News:iSpeech.org Makes Box.net Talk Aloud 2Health News:New Health Plan Payment Models Are Improving Patient Quality and Safety 2Health News:New Health Plan Payment Models Are Improving Patient Quality and Safety 3Health News:New Health Plan Payment Models Are Improving Patient Quality and Safety 4Health News:Guidelines for medical home demonstrations released by major physician groups 2Health News:Guidelines for medical home demonstrations released by major physician groups 3Health News:Depression linked with accumulation of visceral fat 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 17, 2014  Beamz Interactive, ... interactive music products, today announced that it has ... leading manufacturer and supplier of innovative prosthetic, orthotic ... As part of the agreement, RSL Steeper will ... solution specifically configured for use within UK residential ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... ANGELES , Dec. 17, 2014  ImmunoCellular ... the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has ... ICT-107, a dendritic cell-based immunotherapeutic vaccine targeting six ... The claims of US Patent No. 8,871,211, which ... neural cancer by administering a dendritic cell composition ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Mass. , Dec. 17, 2014  RXi ... biotechnology company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing ... RNA-targeted technologies, today announced completion of enrollment in its ... from the 3-month observations confirmed the 1-month findings ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130917/NE80755LOGO ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Beamz Interactive, Inc. Signs UK Distribution Agreement with RSL Steeper Limited 2Beamz Interactive, Inc. Signs UK Distribution Agreement with RSL Steeper Limited 3ImmunoCellular Therapeutics Announces Issuance of Key Patent For ICT-107 Cancer Vaccine 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces Sustained Effect of RXI-109 at Three Months Post Scar Revision Surgery and the Completion of Enrollment for its Phase 2a Trial RXI-109-1301 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces Sustained Effect of RXI-109 at Three Months Post Scar Revision Surgery and the Completion of Enrollment for its Phase 2a Trial RXI-109-1301 3RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces Sustained Effect of RXI-109 at Three Months Post Scar Revision Surgery and the Completion of Enrollment for its Phase 2a Trial RXI-109-1301 4RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces Sustained Effect of RXI-109 at Three Months Post Scar Revision Surgery and the Completion of Enrollment for its Phase 2a Trial RXI-109-1301 5
... NEW YORK, March 20, 2012  Faruqi & Faruqi, ... investigating potential securities fraud at ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Inc. ... (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20120119/MM38856LOGO  ) Faruqi ... misled investors by failing to disclose material information ...
... WASHINGTON, March 20, 2012  At a public event ... Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and Friends of ... spotlighted the contributions of public-private partnerships to the ... delivery, to supplying much-needed resources, to mobilizing consumer ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Faruqi & Faruqi, LLP Announces Investigation of ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Inc. 2Global Fund Celebrates Efforts of Partners Chevron, The Coca-Cola Company, (RED) and PEPFAR at Capitol Hill Event 2Global Fund Celebrates Efforts of Partners Chevron, The Coca-Cola Company, (RED) and PEPFAR at Capitol Hill Event 3Global Fund Celebrates Efforts of Partners Chevron, The Coca-Cola Company, (RED) and PEPFAR at Capitol Hill Event 4
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory ... research and development. ARUP offers an extensive ... medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. ... Laboratories' clients include more than half of ...
... national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader ... offers an extensive test menu of highly ... and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University ... than half of the nation's university teaching ...
... national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader ... offers an extensive test menu of highly ... and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University ... than half of the nation's university teaching ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
Medicine Products: