Navigation Links
Vaccine may double survival in patients with deadly brain tumors
Date:6/2/2008

DURHAM, N.C. -- A vaccine aimed at inducing immunity to the most common and deadly type of brain tumor may stave off recurrence and more than double survival in patients, according to a new study led by researchers in Dukes Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center.

This vaccine represents a very promising therapy for a cancer that comes out of the blue and robs people of something most of us take for granted -- time, said John Sampson, M.D., Ph.D., a neurosurgeon at Duke and lead investigator on this study. The possibility of doubling expected survival -- with few if any side effects -- would represent a big step and a lot of hope for this group of patients.

Sampson presented the results of this Phase II study during an oral presentation at the annual American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting in Chicago on June 2, 2008. The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and Celldex Therapeutics, a subsidiary of Avant Immunotherapeutics, which has licensed the rights to the vaccine and provided vaccine for use in the study.

The vaccine targets a protein expressed on about half of all glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors. The protein, known as epithelial growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII), is not expressed in normal tissues but is prevalent in GBMs, which makes it an attractive target for a vaccine, Sampson said.

The vaccine targets the protein and enhances immune response to it, killing tumor cells that express the protein and preventing the re-growth of brain tumors in patients who have already been diagnosed and treated with standard regimens including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.

This study included 23 patients, treated at Duke and at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. Patients had all been diagnosed with GBMs, and had been treated with standard therapy. Patients in the trial received vaccine injections monthly and were given a chemotherapeutic agent called temozolomide in conjunction with the vaccine treatments. The temozolomide is thought to enhance the immune response to the EGFRvIII, Sampson said.

This reflected something of a surprising conclusion, because it stands to reason that chemotherapy, which suppresses the bodys immune system, would make the vaccine less effective, Sampson said. What we found was that the opposite is true. While the body is recovering from chemotherapy, immune response is actually stronger as the immune system overcompensates in order to right itself. Its the perfect time to introduce a vaccine.

Patients in the study survived without re-growth of their tumors for a median of 16.6 months, which more than doubles the usual 6.4-month expected progression-free survival in these patients.

Study patients lived for an average of 33.1 months; patients who are diagnosed with GBMs and treated with standard therapy typically live an average of 14.3 months.

Were more than doubling survival time in this group, and we have some patients who are four, five or six years out from diagnosis, which is virtually unheard of in these people, Sampson said.

The vaccine has caused virtually no side effects; swelling at the injection site is often a patients only complaint. A Phase III trial is now open at more than 20 sites nationwide.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lauren Shaftel Williams
lauren.shaftel@duke.edu
919-684-4966
Duke University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. DNA vaccine against multiple sclerosis appears safe, potentially beneficial
2. HPV vaccine does not appear to be effective for treating pre-existing HPV infection
3. Vaccine Stops Alzheimers Brain Tangles
4. Human Papilloma Virus vaccines may decrease chances of oral cancer
5. U.S. Teens Fall Short on Vaccine Coverage
6. Nasal Anthrax Vaccine Proves Effective in Animal Study
7. Hot ice, measuring depression, perfect invisibility and flu vaccine incentives
8. Bioniche Receives $2 Million Government Grant For Market Development Related to its E. coli O157:H7 Cattle Vaccine
9. Iomai Patch-Based Vaccine Cut Rate of Travelers Diarrhea by 75 Percent in Phase 2 Field Study
10. FDA approves expanded label for FluMist (influenza virus vaccine live, intranasal) to include childr
11. MedImmune Licenses Reverse Genetics Technology to GlaxoSmithKline for Use in Influenza Vaccine Development and Production
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Freed-Hardeman University President Joe A. Wiley ... joint enrollment and degree completion agreement. The agreement, which begins with the ... FHU|Dickson. , The agreement allows students to be jointly admitted to both ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... The American public tends to feel uncomfortable about drinking ... regular municipal or well water. The recent experience with lead contaminated water in Flint, ... long way toward increasing public acceptance of recycled waste water as drinking water. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... , ... At its annual meeting held last week, the American Parkinson Disease ... of Directors. Mr. McDermott succeeds former APDA Chairman, Fred Greene. , "We are pleased ... APDA President and CEO. “Pat has tirelessly served APDA since 2001 when he was ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... IL (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... In ... disguised form as a dream. A hallmark feature of patients with eating disorders is ... needs. The eating disorder behaviors and obsessions are regarded as maladaptive means for coping ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... KICVentures ( http://www.kicventures.com ... Development event in New York City on Thursday, January 21, 2016. Kingsley ... Mediacom, (both alumnus of the varsity Columbia soccer program) spoke at the event, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... HARROGATE, England , February 5, 2016 ... --> Today, VoicePower Ltd - The Speech Recognition People, ... has been deployed to improve patient care, reduce turnaround times and ... ,- Wirral CCG ,- VoicePower client since 2013 Challenge: ... Challenge: --> - Six doctors ,- Wirral ...
(Date:2/4/2016)...  Edwards Lifesciences Corporation (NYSE: EW ), the ... and critical care monitoring, announced today that it has ... Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC to repurchase $325 million ... the Company,s previously authorized program to repurchase up to ... --> --> Under the ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... FOSTER CITY, Calif. , Feb. 4, 2016 ... (the "Company") today announced it has entered into ... and Exchange Commission (SEC) fully resolving the SEC,s ... Practices Act (FCPA).  Under the terms of the ... total of $12.8 million, including disgorgement, pre-judgment interest ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: