Navigation Links
Vaccine-Preventable Deaths Reach New Low in U.S.

Tens of thousands of lives saved each year through immunization, study says,,,,

TUESDAY, Nov. 13 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of vaccine-preventable deaths has reached an all-time low in the United States, a new federal report shows.

The study, by researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, also found that childhood vaccinations have reduced the death rates from seven previously common childhood illnesses, such as diphtheria, mumps and measles, by 100 percent.

"The number of cases of most vaccine-preventable diseases is at an all-time low; hospitalizations and deaths have also shown striking decreases," wrote the authors of the study, which is published in the Nov. 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The study compared the number of cases and deaths for 13 vaccine-preventable deaths: diphtheria; pertussis (whooping cough); tetanus; polio; measles; mumps; rubella (German measles); invasive Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib); acute hepatitis B; hepatitis A; varicella (chickenpox); Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcal); and smallpox. The researchers compared the most recent data on illnesses (from 2006) and deaths (from 2004) to pre-vaccination rates.

Overall, for immunizations developed prior to 1980, there was a 92 percent reduction in vaccine-preventable illnesses and a 99 percent or greater decline in deaths due to vaccine-preventable diseases. For vaccines introduced after 1980, including the hepatitis vaccines, Hib and chickenpox, there was an 80 percent or greater decline in illness and deaths. Cases of invasive pneumococcal disease were down 34 percent, and death rates were down 25 percent.

At the peak incidence of diphtheria in the 1930s, more than 30,000 people in the United States developed the disease each year, and 3,000 died. Today, there have been no reported cases or deaths in the country. Whooping cough, which also peaked in the 1930s, used to affect more than 200,000 people every year and killed as many as 7,500 people. Today, about 15,000 people are infected with pertussis annually, and less than 30 people die each year. (An additional pertussis booster vaccination has been recommended for adults and will likely reduce these rates even further, the researchers said.)

"These achievements are largely due to reaching and maintaining high vaccine coverage levels from infancy throughout childhood by successful implementation of the infant and childhood immunization program," the authors said.

"These results are very exciting," said Dr. Louis Saravolatz, an infectious disease expert and chief of internal medicine at St. John Hospital and Medical Center in Detroit. "If you look at a particular age cohort, you see a phenomenal reduction of about 33,000 deaths prevented. That means 33,000 people from that group are still alive today, because they were vaccinated."

Any gains made can be lost, however, if parents stop immunizing their children, or if teens and adults don't get necessary booster immunizations.

"These vaccines work, and they improve the health of our children and our population, and we should be very grateful for that," said Dr. Marian Michaels, an infectious disease specialist at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. "But, we should not become complacent. These diseases aren't eradicated everywhere, and the world is so globally small now that these infections could come back if we don't maintain high immunization rates."

Saravolatz said that while this study is "great news," there is definitely still room for improvement in reducing disease in other parts of the world, and in the United States to strengthen adult vaccination rates.

"We need to do a better job in adult medicine, for pneumococcal vaccine and the influenza vaccine. Pediatricians are much more in tune with immunization schedules, and we have aggressive school programs, and we provide childhood vaccines for free. With adult vaccinations, a disparity still exists," Saravolatz said.

More information

The CDC has more on how vaccines work.

SOURCES: Marian Michaels, M.D., infectious disease specialist, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh; Louis Saravolatz, M.D., chief, internal medicine, and infectious disease expert, St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit; Nov. 14, 2007, Journal of the American Medical Association

Copyright©2007 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. £5 million investment in personalized medicines to cut patient deaths
2. Injuries, Deaths Tied to Consumer Drugs Rise Sharply
3. New Report: Dangerous Drug Side Effects and Deaths Doubled Since 1998... Seniors Hit Hardest
4. Child Deaths Fall Below 10 Million For First Time
5. Climate may increase heat-related deaths by 2050s, says Mailman School of PH study
6. Montana State University researchers investigate new suspect in West Nile deaths of pelicans
7. Assisted Suicide Wont Up Deaths for Vulnerable Groups: Study
8. Cruel Deaths in Mexico a Result of Closing U.S. Horse Processing Plants: AVMA
9. World Bank Group Report on Malaria in Africa Highlights Progress Towards Goal of Significantly Reducing Malaria Deaths
10. News of Declining Cancer Deaths Underscores the Power of Preventive Screening
11. ASGE Applauds News of Drop in Colorectal Cancer Deaths
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Vaccine-Preventable Deaths Reach New Low in U.S.
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... Vereb has been named the organization’s Executive Vice President of Operations, and three ... to key leadership roles in the company. , Debbie Vereb’s appointment to Executive ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... technologies and development solutions for drugs, biologics, consumer health and animal health products, ... Technology, and will lead a new, dedicated global team of drug development and ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2015 , ... According to an article published ... from adults today versus those of a similar group taken in 1988 has shown that ... a person in 2008 with the same diet as someone in 1971 would be on ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... The American Society of Clinical ... professional education and clinical training in a health care discipline. , Many ... such as: losing weight, managing pain, or stopping smoking, etc. Frequently, extravagant statements ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... AcousticSheep LLC, creators of the ... honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month. During the month of October, for ... SleepPhones® Classic product to a breast cancer patient at the Cleveland Clinic. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... Oct. 12, 2015  Millions of smokers worldwide have ... shackles of tobacco. An April 2015 study ... London showed electronic cigarettes to be up to 95 ... than a decade after the technology was first introduced ... --> --> ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... , Oct. 12, 2015 About epilepsy ... to a spectrum of brain disorders manifested by benign ... by factors ranging from brain malformations and tumors to ... underlying cause of the disease is unidentified, as is ... as idiopathic epilepsy. An imbalance between the inhibitory and ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... , October 12, 2015 --> ... report "Spirometer Market by Product (Hand-held, Table-top, Desktop), Technology (Volume ... Application, & Geography - Global Forecast to 2020", published by ... Million by 2020, at a CAGR of 9.8% from 2015 ... 128 F igures spread th rough 187 P ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: