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Use of calcium-channel blocker and antibiotic associated with small increased risk of kidney injury
Date:11/9/2013

und that coprescribing clarithromycin with a calcium-channel blocker was associated with a higher risk of hospitalization with acute kidney injury compared with coprescribing azithromycin (0.44 percent vs. 0.22 percent); in absolute terms, coprescription with clarithromycin resulted in a 0.22 percent higher incidence of hospitalization with acute kidney injury.

When examined by type of calcium-channel blocker, the risk of hospitalization with acute kidney injury was highest among patients coprescribed clarithromycin with nifedipine (absolute risk increase, 0.63 percent). Coprescription of a calcium-channel blocker with clarithromycin was also associated with a higher risk of hospitalization with hypotension (0.12 percent vs. 0.07 percent patients taking azithromycin; absolute risk increase, 0.04 percent) and all-cause mortality (1.02 percent vs. 0.59 percent patients taking azithromycin; absolute risk increase, 0.43 percent).

"Although the absolute increases in the risks were small, these outcomes have important clinical implications. Our results suggest that potentially hundreds of hospitalizations and deaths in our region may have been associated with this largely preventable drug-drug interaction. This burden on the health care system, given the high costs of managing acute kidney injury, might have been avoided," the authors write.

" our study highlights the need for quality improvement initiatives that will mitigate the clinical effects of such drug interactions. Potential strategies may include temporary cessation of the calcium-channel blocker for the duration of clarithromycin therapy or selection of a non-CYP3A4 inhibiting antibiotic (such as azithromycin) when clinically appropriate."


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Contact: Julia Capaldi
julia.capaldi@lawsonresearch.com
519-685-8500
The JAMA Network Journals
Source:Eurekalert

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