Navigation Links
Unnecessary antimicrobial use increases risk of recurrent infectious diarrhea
Date:1/9/2013

The impact of antibiotic misuse has far-reaching consequences in healthcare, including reduced efficacy of the drugs, increased prevalence of drug-resistant organisms, and increased risk of deadly infections. A new study featured in the February issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, found that many patients with Clostridium difficile infection (C. difficile) are prescribed unnecessary antibiotics, increasing their risk of recurrence of the deadly infection. The retrospective report shows that unnecessary antibiotics use is alarmingly common in this vulnerable patient population.

C. difficile is a bacteria that usually affects people with recent antibiotic use or hospitalization. The symptoms of C. difficile range from mild diarrhea to severe illness and death, and it is now one of the most common healthcare-associated infections. Patients with C. difficile often experience recurrent episodes of the infection, especially if they receive antibiotics again in the future.

Researchers at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center reviewed patient cases with new-onset C. difficile infection. In total, 57 percent (141) of patients with new-onset C. difficile infection received additional antimicrobials during or within 30 days after their initial C. difficile treatment, raising their risk of recurrence substantially. From this group, 77 percent received at least one dose of unnecessary antibiotic, and 26 percent of patients received unnecessary antibiotics exclusively. Common reasons noted for unnecessary antibiotic use included urinary tract infections and pneumonia (despite little-to-no evidence of either being present), inappropriate surgical prophylaxis, and asymptomatic bacteriuria.

"Our findings serve as a reminder to both doctors and patients to use antibiotics only when absolutely necessary, particularly in patients with a history of C. difficile," said lead researcher Megan K. Shaughnessy, MD. "Patients with C. difficile are at high-risk for recurrence, especially with additional antibiotic use. Because of this heightened risk, clinicians should be exercising increased caution with antimicrobial therapy."

The researchers advise that providers contemplating antimicrobial therapy should be more aware of the risk of recurrent C. difficile with antimicrobial use, patients' previous C. difficile history, and which clinical conditions require antimicrobial therapy.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kate Enos
kenos@gymr.com
202-745-5071
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Year of Taking Risky Blood Thinners May Be Unnecessary After Stent Surgery
2. Unnecessary oil disasters
3. Are Post-Angioplasty Stress Tests Unnecessary?
4. Surgical excision unnecessary in some patients with benign papillomas
5. New Rocky Mountain Architectural Hardware Series Combines Artisan-quality Style and Beauty with CuVerro® Antimicrobial Copper
6. Scientists evaluate different antimicrobial metals for use in water filters
7. Passive smoking increases risk of severe dementia, according to study in China
8. New Lawsuit Alleges Fosamax Increases Risk of Injury: Now, AttorneyOne Can Provide Advice
9. Were all living longer, but longevity increases not benefitting everybody
10. ACP, others oppose paying for fiscal cliff by halting Medicaid primary care fee increases
11. Doctors Pay Increases Lag Other Health Professionals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Talix today ... Practice , will be presenting at the 2016 HIMSS Annual Conference & Exhibition, ... , During his session, “ Coding for Care: Using Data Analytics for Risk ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... Be ... new office in the heart of Old Town at 108 South Columbus St, Suite ... businesses the highest level of medical care in the convenience of their homes, offices ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... MA (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... The ... overpaying for IT services, what questions to ask your IT consultant before signing a ... access to your computer network. , “With companies relying heavily on e-mail and technology, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 10, ... ... Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) practitioner, is known locally for a series of therapeutic sessions ... be in-the-moment in their characters and in their lives. The series, known as ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... company is unveiling its revolutionary new 2.0 version at the International Roofing Expo ... “put the power of the world's most advanced weather technology in the hands ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)...  AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ACRX ) today ... the 38th annual John A. Boswick , ... being held February 14-18, 2016 in Hawaii ... in wound healing, burn care, and infection control, and ... Burns Association, Academy of Physicians in Wound Care and ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  NanoViricides, Inc. ... it has entered into an agreement with the ... nanoviricides® drug candidates in standard animal models of ... , Research Director. Dr. Romanowski has extensive experience ... --> Eric Romanowski , Research ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Israel , Feb. 11, 2016  Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. ... company focused on the development of a once-daily, oral ... that its Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Maya Halpern ... Galmed as Chief Medical Officer and from its Board ... to her reaching retirement age. Allen Baharaff ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: