Navigation Links
Unlocking the body's defenses against cancer

Scientists have discovered a way of allowing healthy cells to take charge of cancerous cells and stop them developing into tumours in what could provide a new approach to treating early-stage cancers.

University of Manchester researchers found that a special type of the chemicals known as 'kinase inhibitors' opened up communication channels on the surface of cells that enabled healthy cells to 'talk' to the cancer cells.

"When we added the chemicals to a mixture of healthy and cancerous cells in a flask the diseased cells stopped multiplying and began acting like normal cells again," said Dr Ian Hampson, who carried out the research with wife Dr Lynne Hampson.

"Further tests revealed that the chemicals helped the cancer cells form connections with surrounding healthy cells that allowed these normal cells to take charge of the mechanism by which cancer cells divide and grow out of control."

Cell division occurs naturally and continuously in human organs and tissue as part of the body's normal repair processes to combat wear and tear but in cancer the cells divide in an uncontrolled way.

Dr Hampson says the findings, published in the British Journal of Cancer, are all the more exciting because the chemicals, which were developed with colleagues at the University of Salford, appear to be relatively non-toxic and the positive effect on the cancer cells persists even when the chemicals are withdrawn.

"When the chemicals were added to a culture containing just cancer cells they had little effect," said Dr Hampson, who is based in Manchester's School of Cancer and Imaging Sciences. "It was only when we added the chemicals to a mixture of cancer cells and normal cells similar to how you would find them in the body that growth was suppressed.

"Intriguingly, the connections that allowed the healthy cells to communicate with the cancer cells stayed open even when the kinase inhibitors were removed indicating that a potential drug based on these chemicals could be given as a short course of treatment.

"Furthermore, the chemicals are non-poisonous and do not actually kill cells like conventional cancer therapies, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, so if we were able to develop a drug it is likely to have far fewer side-effects."

The team say the next stage of their research will be to find out exactly how the chemicals are able to increase the number of connections between cancer and normal cells. Once this is known, it should be possible to produce a drug based on these chemicals that could hopefully be used in humans.

Dr Lynne Hampson added: "We are currently applying for funding to carry out further research into the biochemistry of how these chemicals cause the effect we have observed. We also intend to investigate the use of different types of cell cultures to assess the potency and range of activity of these agents."

The research was funded by the Association for International Cancer Research, The Humane Research Trust, The Caring Cancer Research Trust, Kidscan and the Cancer Prevention Research Trust.


Contact: Aeron Haworth
University of Manchester

Related medicine news :

1. Unlocking mysteries of brain cancer, stroke
2. Unlocking the promise of clinical and translational science
3. Unlocking the mysteries of memory
4. United Spinal Association Reports Positive Results of Stem Cell Transplantation to Treat Multiple Sclerosis: Study May be Key to Unlocking a Cure
5. Zenger Folkman Releases Latest Book: The Inspiring Leader: Unlocking the Secrets of How Extraordinary Leaders Motivate
6. Unlocking the key to human fertility
7. Ozone Breaks Down Lungs Defenses
8. Stress Robs Skin of Antimicrobial Defenses
9. Scientists uncover how superbug Staph aureus resists our natural defenses
10. Finding suggests novel ways to boost vaccination or natural defenses
11. New Research Shows Specific Antioxidant, Found in Cherries, May Boost the Bodys Defenses Against the Flu
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... ... running, and walking are regular Sunday activities for many South Floridians, but their physical ... That’s when the 7th annual ANF Group Tour de Broward will take place at ... Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital. , The community fundraiser, sponsored by ANF Group, consists ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... HemoTreat™ has announced that the company ... to its website. , “Our goal is simple:” says Michael Blasco, HemoTreat’s Chief ... comparison chart and ingredient list allows our customers to quickly see why, and ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... At Grand Dental PC, their priority is to deliver quality ... dental problems, you need to turn to a dentist who listens and responds; an ... a friendly dentist who counsels you on the best ways to maintain and improve ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Dr. Seth D. Margulies specializes in ... can visit Dr. Margulies to experience the best available orthodontic experience in the area. ... "NJ Top Dentist"! , Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... International telepathology consultations can significantly improve patient ... Diagnostics researchers. Their review of more than 1,500 pathology cases submitted electronically ... significantly altered treatment plans for more than half of the cases in which ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... DULLES, Va. , Nov. 30, 2015  IBA ... the manufacture and distribution of radiopharmaceuticals, announced that as ... Zevacor Pharma, Inc. (Zevacor Pharma). The decision to rebrand ... of the firm as well as its close relationship ... owned by Illinois Health and Science (IHS). ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015 Baxalta Incorporated ... leader dedicated to delivering transformative therapies to ... conditions, today announced the launch and first ... an extended circulating half-life recombinant factor VIII ... full-length ADVATE [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant)]. The treatment ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , Nov. 30, ... has been the norm in U.S. medical ... obsolete. The increasingly popular accountable care payer-provider ... payment models and, in their wake, alter ... or quality-based payments will push forward new ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: