TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- In terms of self-esteem, new British research suggests that repeated bouts of unemployment don't affect everyone in the same way.
The study authors found that people who are consistently successful in finding new work after losing a job are ultimately much better at coping with so-called "serial joblessness" than are those who lose a job after a prolonged period of absence from the workforce.
"Many workers are likely to experience unemployment during the course of their working life, and some may be unemployed several times," said study author Cara L. Booker, deputy director of graduate studies with the Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex in Colchester. "Depression and anxiety are common among the unemployed," she noted.
"These findings suggest that if people find work after losing their job the first time, then they are more confident in their ability to get a job if they are unemployed for a second or third time," Booker said. "Levels of distress seem to increase most for those who have been out of the labor market for a while and then have repeated unsuccessful attempts to go back to work."
Booker and study co-author Amanda Sacker report their findings in the June 20 online edition of the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
To explore the issue of how recurring unemployment affects psychological well-being, the authors focused on data collected by the British Household Panel Survey, which was launched in 1991 and involved more than 5,500 households and 10,000 participants over the age of 16.
Booker and Sacker analyzed information concerning job status, income levels and indicators of well-being (such as incidences of stress and/or anxiety) among participants polled between 1991 and 2008.
The authors noted that 12 percent had experienced unemployment at least once ove
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