Navigation Links
Ultra short telomeres linked to osteoarthritis
Date:1/15/2012

Telomeres, the very ends of chromosomes, become shorter as we age. When a cell divides it first duplicates its DNA and, because the DNA replication machinery fails to get all the way to the end, with each successive cell division a little bit more is missed. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal Arthritis Research & Therapy shows that cells from osteoarthritic knees have abnormally shortened telomeres and that the percentage of cells with ultra short telomeres increases the closer to the damaged region within the joint.

While the shortening of telomeres is an unavoidable side effect of getting older, telomeres can also shorten as a result of sudden cell damage, including oxidative damage. Abnormally short telomeres have been found in some types of cancer, possibly because of the rapid cell division the cells are forced to undergo.

There has been some evidence from preliminary work done on cultured cells that the average telomere length is also reduced in osteoarthritis (OA). A team of researchers from Denmark used newly developed technology (Universal single telomere length assay) to look in detail at the telomeres of cells taken from the knees of people who had undergone joint replacement surgery. Their results showed that average telomere length was, as expected, shortened in OA, but that also 'ultra short' telomeres, thought to be due to oxidative stress, were even more strongly associated with OA.

Maria Harbo who led this research explained, "We see both a reduced mean telomere length and an increase in the number of cells with ultra short telomeres associated with increased severity of OA, proximity to the most damaged section of the joint, and with senescence. Senescence can be most simply explained as biological aging and senescent cartilage within joints is unable to repair itself properly."

She continued, "The telomere story shows us that there are, in theory, two processes going on in OA. Age-related shortening of telomeres, which leads to the inability of cells to continue dividing and so to cell senescence, and ultra short telomeres, probably caused by compression stress during use, which lead to senescence and failure of the joint to repair itself. We believe the second situation to be the most important in OA. The damaged cartilage could add to the mechanical stress within the joint and so cause a feedback cycle driving the progression of the disease."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Hilary Glover
hilary.glover@biomedcentral.com
44-203-192-2370
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. AIUM and AUA develop joint guideline for the performance of an ultrasound examination in urology
2. AIUM officially recognizes ACEP Emergency Ultrasound Guidelines
3. Radiologists, primary users of non-cardiac ultrasound
4. Ultrasound improves stem cell transplants
5. Ultrasound of Neck Arteries May Help Gauge Stroke Risk
6. Grapes protect against ultraviolet radiation
7. Abnormal brain ultrasounds in premature infants indicate future risk of psychiatric disorders
8. Ultrasound May Determine Heart Attack Risk in HIV Patients
9. Ultrawideband could be future of medical monitoring
10. Scientists Discover Ultra-Bad Cholesterol
11. Reindeer see a weird and wonderful world of ultraviolet light
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... The American ... Health Services for professionals in the addiction treatment industry entitled: Special Investigations ... , Insurance companies and state and federal governments are increasingly scrutinizing the addiction ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Hair restoration surgery is having a ... the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS). The worldwide volume ... with 635,189 procedures performed in 2016. , "Like other forms of cosmetic ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... , ... September 21, 2017 , ... Bill Howe Plumbing’s ... its customers, and give back to the community. For over 37 years, they have ... successful companies serving plumbing in San Diego. They were chosen as the ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Innovatum ... at the Global GS1 Healthcare Conference 2017 in Chicago, IL on October 17-19, ... ensuring label quality and improving patient safety. , Microscan , a ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... and highly accurate cancer screening tests, has received two prestigious recognitions that acknowledge ... survival rates. , Preora has been named a Top 100 Finalist ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/9/2017)... , Sept. 8, 2017 Dealmed Medical ... independent supplier of medical equipment, supplies, drugs, vaccines, and ... has entered into an agreement to acquire Vantage Medical ... based in Holtsville, New York . ... in supplying new and emerging medical practices, will operate ...
(Date:9/7/2017)... Sept. 7, 2017 NuvoAir (formerly called ... announced today a partnership with Novartis Pharma AG to distribute ... position as the leading mobile spirometry platform and Novartis, commitment ... ... ...
(Date:9/6/2017)...   PDI , a leader in infection prevention ... educational session focused on the role of chlorhexidine gluconate ... the 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Association for ... the Phoenix Convention Center in ... will also feature PDI,s Prevantics® Device Swab ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: