Navigation Links
UTHealth research shows American Indians at greater risk of suicide after alcohol intoxication
Date:2/5/2013

HOUSTON (February 5, 2013) American Indians are at much greater risk of suicide after acute alcohol intoxication, according to a study led by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

The study examined the prevalence and social demographic correlates of suicide involving acute alcohol intoxication among United States ethnic minorities. Results will be published in the May 2013 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.

"Some reviews suggest that people with alcohol use disorders are nine times more likely to die by suicide than the general population," said Raul Caetano, M.D., M.P.H, Ph.D., the study's corresponding author and regional dean of The University of Texas School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus, part of UTHealth. "Our paper looks at the issue more specifically, examining suicide and acute intoxication among U.S. ethnic minorities. It is not the first study to do so, but few among them have used such large data set as the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS)."

Suicide is the 10th leading overall cause of death in the United States in 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prior research has also shown that alcohol use disorders confer increased risk for suicide.

"Other studies have found that large numbers of people who have recently committed suicide, or attempted to commit suicide, have alcohol in their blood," added Sarah Zemore, PhD., a scientist at the Alcohol Research Group and an associate adjunct professor at the University of California, Berkeley. "There is also reason to believe that binging on alcohol is a risk for suicide attempt regardless of whether the person is dependent on alcohol. Yet research has not fully answered the question of why alcohol misuse increases the likelihood of a suicide attempt, whether due to major depression, increases in impulsivity or poorer life conditions common among alcohol-dependent people."

Caetano and his colleagues used data derived from the 2003-2009 NVDRS, analyzing sociodemographic and toxicological information for 59,384 suicide decedents from 16 states. Acute alcohol intoxication at the time of death was defined as having a blood alcohol content (BAC) equal to or greater than 0.08.

"We showed considerable differences across ethnic groups in the association between alcohol intoxication and suicide and types of suicide," said Caetano, professor of epidemiology at the UT School of Public Health. "Although alcohol intoxication is important for all groups, American Indians are much more at risk than other groups."

Zemore added, "This study is consistent with the larger literature suggesting that more than a third of those committing suicide use alcohol prior to the event. The study also extends the literature by showing that alcohol use and intoxication prior to suicide is particularly prevalent among American Indian and Alaskan Native populations and, to some extent, Latinos, compared to Whites, but less prevalent among Blacks and Asians. Finally, this article highlights the fact that suicide is a particular problem among young American Indian and Alaskan Native people. In this sample, 22 percent of those completing suicide were under 21, and half were under 29."

The authors suggest that alcohol-related prevention strategies focus on suicide as a consequence of alcohol use, especially among American Indian and Alaskan Native youth and young adults.

"These associations indicate that heavier drinkers are more at risk and should be targeted for prevention efforts," said Caetano. "Alcohol treatment facilities should focus on suicide, and be aware of the potential risk that their clients have in regard to suicide. Clinicians working with heavier drinkers, especially those who are depressed, should be aware of the increased risk that these patients have."

"Suicidal threats or insinuations by individuals who misuse alcohol should be taken particularly seriously," said Zemore. "Family and friends play an important role here, as people intending to commit suicide often fail to seek formal helpthough they do often inform their social circle in some manner. Findings also suggest a need for emergency room departments and health care providers to more broadly screen for suicidal ideation among alcohol-dependent individuals."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Logue
713-500-3307
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UTHealth, French researchers discover gene defect for new syndrome
2. Yale researchers spot attention deficits in babies who later develop autism
3. Researchers use new molecular inhibitors to successfully hit difficult cancer target
4. Needed: Recruits of All Ages for Medical Research
5. ASU, Phoenix Childrens Hospital expand biomedical research partnership
6. Researchers discover mutations linked to relapse of childhood leukemia
7. Pioneering research helps to unravel the brains vision secrets
8. OLED Displays Market - New Industry Research Report Published by Transparency Market Research
9. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in China Industry Research Report – Now Available from IBISWorld
10. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers develop automated breast density test linked to cancer risk
11. Trauma patients, community say they support exception from informed consent research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... SPH ... firms. The ranking is based on reported data for 2015 performance and ... systems, ambulatory surgical centers, clinically integrated networks, and many of the nation’s leading ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... 06, 2016 , ... The Behavioral Health Center of Excellence ... organization as a top behavioral service provider in the country. The award celebrates ... satisfaction and qualifications, and consumer satisfaction. These areas are measured via a wide-ranging ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... Just in time for the holiday season, ... chip cookie recipe for Honeyville’s new Organic Quinoa Flour product for sale at Costco ... the near future. , “I think it’s wonderful that a growing number of ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... ... Keeping Gift Season Safe, In a season stacked with gift-giving opportunities, it's ... recipients. This is the idea behind Safe Toys and Gifts Month, which sets aside ... good gifts for children. For companies that produce goods that fall into this category, ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... December 06, 2016 , ... ... allows users to flicker, flash, and flare from clip to clip with high quality ... , TransFlare 4K Jewel contains 44 lens flares filmed on the RED Dragon. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/5/2016)... N.J. , Dec. 5, 2016  Daiichi ... preliminary safety and efficacy data from a phase ... MDM2 inhibitor, suggesting that DS-3032 may be a ... myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). ... the phase 1 study of DS-3032 were presented in ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... -- BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) (NYSE: BDX ... an enhanced technology platform designed with the ability to ... Pyxis™ and Alaris™ systems, at this year,s American ... being held in Las Vegas ... that approximately 68 percent of medication errors occur during ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... , Dec. 5, 2016 Eisai Inc. ... at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Epilepsy ... CIII, is indicated as an adjunctive therapy for the ... secondarily generalized seizures and primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (PGTC) ... age and older. Please see Important Safety Information for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: