Navigation Links
US Parkinson's rates highest in whites, Hispanics, and Midwest, Northeast
Date:1/27/2010

The largest epidemiological study of Parkinson's disease in the United States has found that the disease is more common in the Midwest and the Northeast and is twice as likely to strike whites and Hispanics as blacks and Asians.

The study, based on data from 36 million Medicare recipients, is both the first to produce any significant information on patterns of Parkinson's disease in minorities and to show geographic clusters for the condition.

"Finding clusters in the Midwest and the Northeast is particularly exciting," says lead author Allison Wright Willis, M.D., assistant professor of neurology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "These are the two regions of the country most involved in metal processing and agriculture, and chemicals used in these fields are the strongest potential environmental risk factors for Parkinson's disease that we've identified so far."

The results appear online in the journal Neuroepidemiology.

Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative condition that causes tremor, stiffness, slowness, mood and behavioral disorders, sleep problems and other symptoms. The disease is characterized by loss of dopamine, a compound involved in communication between brain cells.

According to Willis, genetic factors explain only a small percent of cases. Environmental factors are likely more common contributors and may include prolonged exposures to herbicides and insecticides used in farming or to metals such as copper, manganese and lead.

For the new study, Willis analyzed data on more than 450,000 cases of Parkinson's disease per year over six years, 1995 and 2000-2005. Collectively, that data included information from more than 98 percent of all Americans 65 and older.

Willis found Asians and blacks developed Parkinson's disease at half the rate of whites and Hispanics.

"We are going to try to learn more about why this is the case," says Willis. "It could be that those with Asian or African ancestry have genes that help protect them from exposure to environmental factors that cause Parkinson's disease, or they may have fewer exposures to those factors."

Epidemiologists have long debated whether Parkinson's disease is more prevalent in rural or urban areas, with some studies showing higher rates in cities and some in the countryside. Willis found the condition is more common in urban areas but concluded the comparison between the two rates offered little potential for insight into the disease.

"It's always been an open question as to how to best define the terms 'urban' and 'rural,'" she says. "Urban and rural is defined in many different and relatively arbitrary ways, and we came away convinced by our results that these distinctions have little to do with what is causing the disease."

Willis and her colleagues plan further studies of how exposure to single or combined environmental factors influences disease risk.

"This was the largest descriptive epidemiological study yet to be conducted of Parkinson's disease in the United States, and it has both given us some interesting new leads for the future research and reinforced some ideas we already had," she says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
purdym@wustl.edu
314-286-0122
Washington University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Infection contributes to the high rates of oropharyngeal cancers
2. ZIP codes and property values predict obesity rates
3. Dr. Paul Bandt Celebrates 35th Anniversary With Desert Radiologists and a History of Healthcare in Las Vegas
4. New Study Reports High Injury Rates for Hotel Workers, Even Higher Rates for Women and Nonwhites
5. Claim Filed Against the Company and Nine Other Defendants in the Haifa Magistrates Court
6. Investigational Agent Targeting Metabotropic Glutamate 2/3 Receptors Demonstrates Antipsychotic Activity in Humans, Study in Nature Medicine Finds
7. Rates of bipolar diagnosis in youth rapidly climbing, treatment patterns similar to adults
8. Amid Improving Life Expectancy Rates, Risk of Premature Death is Still Significant for Americans, New Study Shows
9. Study Demonstrates Marteks Algal DHA Oil Improves Blood Triglyceride Lipid Levels
10. REACH Registry Highlights That Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) Suffer High Rates of Heart Attack, Stroke, Hospitalization, and Death
11. Recovery Resources Collaborates with Two Nonprofit Agencies for Children of Alcoholics Outreach Program
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
US Parkinson's rates highest in whites, Hispanics, and Midwest, Northeast
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe acts as ... production of the series is on hiking in American. Viewers can reconnect with America ... great benefits of hiking. , Many consumers have looked for an inventive new place ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... FAMILY-Our Journey to the Cross”: the personal journey of Bob Massey and his faith in ... authors, Bob and Margaret Massey. Bob Massey is small in stature but big in ... His love for others is apparent in all of his life decisions. , ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... “Cactus Jack: Against All Odds”: the story of Coach Cactus Jack and the ... is the creation of published author, Walter Hubbard, a retired wildlife and fisheries biologist ... Jane. Walter. Walter and Jane have three adult children and a granddaughter. ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... In ... choosing the most appropriate instruments for research and understanding the basic principles that ... webinar will focus on innovations in stereo microscopy for brightfield and fluorescence typically ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... NucleusHealth ™, ... has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 510(k) clearance for ... secure cloud platform for medical image management. At the core is patented streaming ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/9/2017)... , May 9, 2017 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, ... musculoskeletal healthcare, today announced it has earned a spot ... 2017" list. The Company was ranked among 500 U.S. ... Employers and Healthcare Equipment and Services. The ... on an anonymous, independent survey of over 30,000 employees ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... 2017  Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company focused on the development of oral drug ... Property Office has granted Oramed a patent titled, ... The patent covers Oramed,s invention of an oral ... an incretin hormone that stimulates the secretion of ...
(Date:5/8/2017)... NEW YORK , May 8, 2017 ... in the transition from fee for service reimbursement. Black ... April 2017. 1.       The Market for ... 77% of physician practices with 3 or ... Compliance Technology Solutions by Q4. "Given the magnitude of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: