Navigation Links
UNM Cancer Center selected for national clinical trial
Date:5/10/2013

The University of New Mexico Cancer Center is among a few select institutions nationwide participating in a Phase 3 clinical trial studying a novel treatment for men with newly diagnosed, localized prostate cancer.

In most cases, prostate cancer is detected early and eradicated. However, even with early detection, the cancer returns in up to 30% of patients. The trial will study whether combining this innovative treatment with standard radiation therapy will produce an immune response that will kill cancerous cells throughout the body and decrease the likelihood of the tumor ever coming back.

In this study, men receive three injections of an engineered virus directly into the prostate followed by 14 days of oral doses of a medication called valacyclovir. The injection is a viral vehicle, a virus that can't make more of itself, that delivers a specific gene into the cancer cell. Once inside, the gene converts the valacyclovir into an active form causing death of the tumor cell. This process also generates a vaccine response against the cancer that can detect and kill microscopic cancer cells wherever they lurk, helping to prevent the cancer from returning.

Thomas Schroeder, MD, is Medical Director of Radiation Oncology and the institutional principal investigator for the ProstAtak clinical trial at the UNM Cancer Center. He says, "The protocol for this trial is very interesting because it is a new and different approach." Dr. Schroeder is referring to combining this treatment with the standard of care, so that men's bodies have a stimulated immune system more able to detect and kill cancerous cells.

This clinical trial is designed for men with intermediate-risk localized prostate cancercancer that has not spread beyond the prostateor for men with some forms of high risk cancer. "This treatment will hopefully help men who have just been diagnosed with cancer and are trying to decide on a treatment approach," says Dr. Schroeder. For men with low risk cancer, therapies such as surgery, radiation, and watchful waiting, are still the best choices.

But this novel treatment may help men with more aggressive prostate cancer who need to consider the possibility of the cancer coming back. This treatment may help them decrease the odds of the cancer returning at a later time in their lives.

Gene therapy provided researchers with the background for this clinical trial. The injection of the engineered virus combined with valacyclovir and standard of care radiation therapy causes complex interactions within the body resulting in essentially a tumor-specific vaccine. These interactions kill cancer cells and build up antibodies.

The injected vaccine is an engineered cold-virus that carries the genetic material into the prostate needed to kill and stimulate an immune response against the cancer cells. Dr. Schroeder calls the engineered virus a delivery device. "The idea is to stimulate an immune response to the cancer. By using the body's immune response to viruses we incidentally create an immune response to the cancer." Valacyclovir only works on the cells that are infected with the virus, which was injected directly into the prostate. So, this treatment involves two steps: introducing genetic material into the cancerous cells, which kills the cells; and ramping up the immune system so it can detect future cancerous cells in other parts of the body.

Dr. Schroeder says that the treatment is not likely to increase or worsen the degree of any side effects. Men may experience typical side effects from radiation, or hormone therapy, but the treatment itself has minimal side effects. The men may get fevers and chills for twelve to twenty-four hours following the injection. The use of hormone therapy is not required on the study, but can be used at the treating physician's discretion.

Researchers have already tested and completed phases one and two of the study. The results indicated a decrease in the recurrence of cancer. The ongoing phase three trial, a randomized, fully blinded, placebo controlled study, is to definitively evaluate this approach and seek FDA approval. If successful, this treatment may add to current therapies as a more effective approach for men with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer who undergo radiation.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michele Sequeira
MSequeira@salud.unm.edu
505-925-0486
University of New Mexico Cancer Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Voices Against Brain Cancer Commends Woman on How She is Keeping Her Husband’s Memory Alive
2. Cancer drug prevents build-up of toxic brain protein
3. Socializing May Ease Pain of Breast Cancer
4. John Theurer Cancer Center brings leading experts for its Ninth Annual Neuro-Oncology Symposium
5. Research finds identifies social needs of young people with cancer
6. Popular diabetes drug does not improve survival rates after cancer: Study
7. Your immune system: On surveillance in the war against cancer
8. Fun and friends help ease the pain of breast cancer
9. Missouri Man Alleges Five Years of Actos Use Caused his Bladder Cancer; Parker Waichman LLP Files Lawsuit on Victim’s Behalf
10. Just How Might Exercise Lower Breast Cancer Risk?
11. GW receives Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute award to evaluate cancer survivorship care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Delta Dental of California and its affiliated companies ... Gary D. Radine, who recently retired as president and CEO of Delta Dental of ... CEO of the Year , helped lead the effort to raise funds for studies ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Eating disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder ... and men with eating disorders report a history of trauma, research suggests that ... an eating disorder. , At the 2016 iaedp Symposium, the workshop, “What ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... GrassrootsHealth published data from its D*action ... diabetes in the GrassrootsHealth cohort with substantially higher vitamin D levels than a ... health,” states Carole Baggerly, Director of GrassrootsHealth, “the safety and benefits of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 ... ... at RowdMap, Inc., will be speaking on how healthcare companies can use newly ... costs, manage the health of a population and intervene and capture the value ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... According to research by the National Association ... to be certified or obtain continuing education. To increase patient awareness of the ... Mouth?” campaign to inform dentists and patients about the possible lack of skills ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... /PRNewswire/--  Cell Applications, Inc. and Cyfuse Biomedical ... now available in North America ... approach called the "Kenzan Method." Utilizing Cyfuse Biomedical,s ... robotic system that fabricates 3D tissue from cells, ... model that makes scaffold-free tissue available immediately to ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Velano Vascular, a medical technology company transforming ... their practitioners, announced today that the company has raised ... the proceeds from this financing, an extension of a ... to support the development and commercialization of the company,s ... Philadelphia , and a number ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016  Unilife Corporation ("Unilife" or "Company") (NASDAQ: UNIS ... delivery systems, today announced that it will release its financial ... 2015 after market close on February 9, 2016.  At this ... discuss these financial results.    About Unilife Corporation ... About Unilife Corporation UNIS ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: