Navigation Links
UIC researchers discover how cells limit inflammation in lung injury
Date:12/15/2011

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have found in an animal model of acute lung injury a molecular mechanism that allows cells of the immune system to reduce tissue damage from inflammation.

The study is reported in Nature.

Inflammation is part of the normal response to infection. One aspect of inflammation is the production of negatively charged oxygen-rich molecules by specialized white blood cells called phagocytes. The molecules, called reactive oxygen species (ROS), help to break up bacteria, allowing the phagocytes to "mop up" the broken pieces and clear out the infection. Unfortunately, ROS can also cause damage to normal tissue.

The UIC researchers found that a channel through the cell membrane of phagocytes is able to modulate this destructive phase of inflammation.

"Although the channel, called TRPM2, is found in many cell types in the immune system, including phagocytes, it's function in these cells has been unknown," said Anke Di, UIC research assistant professor in pharmacology and first author of the study.

The researchers were able to show that TRPM2 had a protective anti-inflammatory role in the animal model of ALI, and, further, it played a previously unknown role in protecting against inflammation and tissue injury generally.

TRPM2's protective effect was a result of its ability to dampen the production of the negatively charged ROS by modulating the electrochemical gradient -- the difference in charge between molecules within the cell and outside the plasma membrane of the cell.

ALI and its more severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) result from pulmonary edema (leaky blood vessels) and inflammation. Both direct lung injury from infection and indirect lung injury from trauma, sepsis, pancreatitis, transfusions, radiation exposure and drug overdose can trigger ALI. It is fatal in almost 40 percent of cases.

Inflammation plays an important role in ALI and a number of other human diseases, said Dr. Asrar Malik, UIC Schweppe Family Distinguished Professor and head of pharmacology and principal investigator of the study. Understanding how inflammatory damage to tissues is controlled normally may help develop therapies in the future, he said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
2. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
5. Researchers create drug to keep tumor growth switched off
6. Urine protein test might help diagnose kidney damage from lupus, UT Southwestern researchers find
7. GUMC researchers say flower power may reduce resistance to breast cancer drug tamoxifen
8. Clemson researchers develop hands-free texting application
9. Researchers find biomarkers in saliva for detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer
10. Researchers chart genomic map spanning over 2 dozen cancers
11. Researchers discover second protective role for tumor-suppressor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... 2016 , ... “Aging well is a challenge for all of us, but there are things we can do ... . “Research is showing more and more that there are simple, yet important steps that ... we age.” Top priorities Dr. Kohli’s recommends for her patients include;, , ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Since ... the national charitable foundation serving the footwear industry, has broken all previous participation ... than 130 companies across 23 states during the months of April and May, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 29, 2016 , ... The American workforce is on everyone’s ... Most importantly, employees are the single most important asset in creating value and ... , Just under half of American workers are emotionally checked out with low ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... surgeon reveals that infants born with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia have better survival ... born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)—a condition where the diaphragm fails to form ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... Association (CCA), is pleased to announce the launch of the GFCP Scoop ... recipes, and more. The purpose of the GFCP Scoop site is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... MARLBOROUGH, Mass., April 27, 2016  Hologic, Inc. ... Company,s financial results for the fiscal second quarter ... share (EPS) of $0.24 increased 41.2%, and non-GAAP ... $693.3 million increased 5.8% on a reported basis, ... "We posted another good quarter, highlighted ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... PARIS , le 27 Avril 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... chiffre d,affaires a progressé de +5% sur le ... ventes récurrentes de consommables  Croissance de ... Mauna Kea Technologies (Euronext : ... multidisciplinaire d,endomicroscopie confocale laser, annonce aujourd,hui son chiffre ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... Italy , April 27, 2016 ... linear accelerator (MR-linac) platform will be the focal point ... meeting of the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology, ... Elekta,s MR-linac integrates a state-of-the-art radiotherapy system and a ... physician to clearly see the patient,s anatomy in real ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: