Navigation Links
UCSB scientists examine effects of manufactured nanoparticles on soybean crops
Date:8/20/2012

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) Sunscreens, lotions, and cosmetics contain tiny metal nanoparticles that wash down the drain at the end of the day, or are discharged after manufacturing. Those nanoparticles eventually end up in agricultural soil, which is a cause for concern, according to a group of environmental scientists that recently carried out the first major study of soybeans grown in soil contaminated by two manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs).

The team was led by scientists at UC Santa Barbara's Bren School for Environmental Science & Management. The team is also affiliated with the UC Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology (CEIN), a $24 million collaboration based at UCLA, with researchers from UCSB, UC Davis, UC Riverside, University of Texas at El Paso, Columbia University, and other national and international partners. The results of the study are published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"Our society has become more environmentally aware in the last few decades, and that results in our government and scientists asking questions about the safety of new types of chemical ingredients," said senior author Patricia Holden, a professor with the Bren School. "That's reflected by this type of research."

She explained that the research, which is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), is helping to discover potential environmental implications of a new industry that includes nanomaterials. The ultimate goal is to help find more environmentally compatible substitutes, Holden said.

Soybean was chosen for the study due to its importance as a food crop it is the fifth largest crop in global agricultural production and second in the U.S. and because it is vulnerable to MNMs. The findings showed that crop yield and quality are affected by the addition of MNMs to the soil.

The scientists studied the effects of two common nanoparticles, zinc oxide and cerium oxide, on soybeans grown in soil in greenhouses. Zinc oxide is used in cosmetics, lotions, and sunscreens. Cerium oxide is used as an ingredient in catalytic converters to minimize carbon monoxide production, and in fuel to increase fuel combustion. Cerium can enter soil through the atmosphere when fuel additives are released with diesel fuel combustion.

The zinc oxide nanoparticles may dissolve, or they may remain as a particle, or re-form as a particle, as they are processed through wastewater treatment. At the final stage of wastewater treatment there is a solid material, called biosolids, which is applied to soils in many parts of the U.S. This solid material fertilizes the soil, returning nitrogen and phosphorus that are captured during wastewater treatment. This is also a point at which zinc oxide and cerium oxide can enter the soil.

The scientists noted that the EPA requires pretreatment programs to limit direct industrial metal discharge into publicly owned wastewater treatment plants. However, the research team conveyed that "MNMs while measurable in the wastewater treatment plant systems are neither monitored nor regulated, have a high affinity for activated sludge bacteria, and thus concentrate in biosolids."

The authors pointed out that soybean crops are farmed with equipment powered by fossil fuels, and thus MNMs can also be deposited into the soil through exhaust.

The study showed that soybean plants grown in soil that contained zinc oxide bioaccumulated zinc; they absorbed it into the stems, leaves, and beans. Food quality was affected, although it may not be harmful to humans to eat the soybeans if the zinc is in the form of ions or salts, in the plants, according to Holden.

In the case of cerium oxide, the nanoparticles did not bioaccumulate, but plant growth was stunted. Changes occurred in the root nodules, where symbiotic bacteria normally accumulate and convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonium, which fertilizes the plant. The changes in the root nodules indicate that greater use of synthetic fertilizers might be necessary with the buildup of MNMs in the soil.

Holden commented on the likelihood of high concentrations of these nanoparticles in agriculture: "There could be hotspots, places where you have accumulation, including near manufacturing sites where the materials are being made, or if there are spills. We have very limited information about the quantity or state of these synthetic nanomaterials in the environment right now. We know they're being used in consumer goods, and we know they're going down the drain."

First author John H. Priester is a staff scientist in the Holden lab at UCSB. Other co-authors from UC CEIN are Yuan Ge, Randall E. Mielke, Allison M. Horst, Shelly Cole Moritz, Roger M. Nisbet, Joshua P. Schimel, Jose A. Hernandez-Viezcas, Lijuan Zhao, and Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey. Co-authors Katherine Espinosa and Reid G. Palmer are affiliated with Iowa State University; Jeff Gelb is affiliated with Xradia Corporation; and Sharon L. Walker is with UC Riverside. NASA/JPL-Caltech, the USDA, and The University of Texas at El Paso were substantially involved in the research.


'/>"/>

Contact: Gail Gallessich
gail.g@ia.ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists report promising new direction for cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly
2. Scientists to investigate preventing life-threatening complications in transplant patients
3. Scientists decode TREX which could see new treatments for cancer realized
4. Scientists devise new strategy to destroy multiple myeloma
5. Scientists ID New Gene Regions Linked to Type 2 Diabetes
6. Scientists discover how iron levels and a faulty gene cause bowel cancer
7. Scripps Florida scientists awarded nearly $1.5 million to develop new approaches to treat cancer
8. Scientists ID New Gene Linked to Vision Loss in Infants
9. Fruit flies light the way for A*STAR scientists to pinpoint genetic changes that spell cancer
10. NIH scientists identify likely predictors of hepatitis C severity
11. Scientists looking for noninvasive ways to detect lung cancer early
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
UCSB scientists examine effects of manufactured nanoparticles on soybean crops
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... MB Business Capital, ... $11,250,000 senior credit facility to Sunrise, Florida-based Management Health Systems, LLC, dba MedPro ... facilitate a recapitalization of MedPro led by Harren Equity Partners. Brightwood Capital ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Workrite Ergonomics announced this week the launch ... panel system was designed to deliver the ideal blend of acoustic and visual ... the visual privacy required to maintain concentration levels and increase productivity. The tranquility ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Tribble Insurance Agency, a family owned and operated ... inaugurating a charity event to honor Chad Phillip Dermyer, a local police trooper who ... Phillip Dermyer and his fellow officers were conducting routine stops of suspects when one ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... For the second consecutive year, ... Connecticut (RMACT) have earned “Top Doctor” awards. Dr. Mark Leondires, Dr. Spencer Richlin, ... been chosen by their peers for the 2017 list based on their exceptional ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Marriottsville, MD (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... launched six new clients into the US market. , Over the past 20 years ... the past 4 weeks SFI has launched six new clients into the US market. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017  Sensus Healthcare, ... device company specializing in the treatment of non-melanoma ... keloids, with superficial radiation therapy, today announced that ... year 2016 financial results on Thursday, February 2, 2017 ... will hold a conference call with the investment ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... England , January 19, 2017 ... and Otsuka in the Milner Therapeutics Consortium   ... scientists in Cambridge   ... (NYSE: PFE ) as a partner to ... the Consortium, which enables the efficient transfer of materials ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... NEW YORK , January 18, 2017 , , ... rd distribution agreement, following similar agreements ...   , Wound care is $2 5 ...   , E-QURE Corp. (OTCQB: EQUR), a leader in medical devices ... agreement with Tech - Médica Equipos Médicos S.A.S. (TeckMedica) in Colombia ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: