Navigation Links
UCLA study shows traumatic brain injury haunts children for years

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the single most common cause of death and disability in children and adolescents, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Now, according to a new study by UCLA researchers, the effects of a blow to the head, whether it's mild or a concussion, can linger for years.

Reporting in the May issue of the journal Neuropsychology, Talin Babikian, lead author and a UCLA post-doctoral fellow, and senior author Robert Asarnow, a UCLA professor of psychiatry, analyzed 28 selected articles about TBI that were published between the years 1988 and 2007, quantifying for the first time a summary of all of the available literature on the effects of a traumatic brain injury on the developing brain of a child or adolescent.

The key and surprising finding, the authors say, was that over time, children and adolescents with a severe traumatic brain injury appear to fall even farther behind their peers than one would expect, making intervention and monitoring especially important in this group.

Various levels of TBI in children were included in the studies that were reviewed. The extent of a brain injury is typically based on the "Glasgow Coma Scale" or GCS, a standard clinical tool to measure severity of a brain injury. It includes a person's eye/pupil response, motor response, and verbal communication to determine injury severity--mild, moderate, or severe TBI. The children in the studies were sorted by TBI severity and the time since their injury. All three severity levels were examined, and follow-up exams were done on average 0-5 months, 6-23 months, or 24+ months after injury, for 14 key aspects of neurocognition.

Other key points the authors found:

Time didn't heal all the worse the injury, the worse the neurocognitive outcome over time, especially on measures of general intellectual functioning and brain processing speed. Indeed, the moderate and severe TBI groups were similarly impaired after examination at 24-plus months.

The authors found that while there was modest recovery in intellectual functioning and attention, weaknesses in many children with even moderate TBI persisted even two years after the injury, compared to children in control groups.

For children diagnosed with severe TBI, more help was needed. They showed significant problems within months on IQ, executive functioning (processing speed, attention), and verbal memory (both immediate and delayed). After two or more years, all areas studied were impaired.

"The good news is that the studies showed that children with mild traumatic brain injuries and concussions may show some difficulties in cognition initially, but the effects are subtle and typically diminish over time," said Babikian. "The bad news, though, is the existence of a subgroup of patients who show persistent neurocognitive problems and need to be screened and followed.

"And because younger children have more development ahead of them, the same injury can affect a four-year-old and a 12-year-old very differently," she said. "Further, children who suffer a severe brain injury may show a slower rate of development as a group, highlighting the importance of targeted treatment developed specifically for children with severe TBI."

Equally important, said Babikian, is the take-home message of prevention. "Because younger children with a traumatic brain injury seem to generally do worse than their older counterparts," she said, "the public health implication of this research is a reminder of the importance of the use of protective measures to minimize the effects of a brain injury, when one does occur, as well as prevention through consistent use of helmets and seatbelts."


Contact: Roxanne Moster
University of California - Los Angeles

Related medicine news :

1. Super Lice Repelled by All-Natural Products First Ever Independent Study Shows
2. A feasible, simple and convenient model for study of rectal carcinoma
3. New Study Shows Stresses of Economic Downturn on Womens Relationships
4. New Economic Impact Study: Obama Administration Implementation of Bush-Era Medicare Regulation Will Cost U.S. $2.5 Billion in Business Activity, Cut Over 30,000 Jobs
5. 22-year study finds adults arent active enough
6. Researchers study the human factor in spread of pandemic illness
7. Eye Disease, Cognitive Decline Linked in Study
8. Access to care leads Americans priorities in first-ever public study of health value
9. Access to Care Leads Americans Priorities in First-Ever Public Study of Health Value
10. New Study: Keep Kids With Diarrhea Out of Pool - Swim Diapers Not Best Solution
11. Ben-Gurion U of the Negev study demonstrates link between appetite and elderly mortality
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 27, ... ... in the patient payment industry today announced its strategic partnership with Connance, ... system workflows. , The two companies’ proven, proprietary technology combine to provide ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... On June ... sponsor of the 2016 Cereal Festival and World’s Longest Breakfast Table in Battle Creek, ... of the city’s history as home to some of the world’s leading providers of ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment plan to ... a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ultimately achieving ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... to fit their specific project," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. ... fully customizable and all within Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, ... Bronze Wellness at Work award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in ... the 7th annual Maryland Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016   Bay Area Lyme Foundation , ... Center for Tick Borne Illness , Harvard Medical ... Hacking Medicine, University of California, Berkeley, and the ... five finalists of Lyme Innovation , the ... 100 scientists, clinicians, researchers, entrepreneurs, and investors from ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 The Academy ... of recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical companies ... with entities that make formulary and coverage decisions, a ... "value" of new medicines. The recommendations address ... not appear on the drug label, a prohibition that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 Research and Markets ... for Companion Diagnostic Tests" report to their offering. ... Companion Diagnostics The World Market for Companion ... medicine diagnostics. Market analysis in the report includes the following: ... (In Vitro Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: