Navigation Links
UCLA study reveals smoking's effect on nurses' health, death rates
Date:11/13/2008

A new UCLA School of Nursing study is the first to reveal the devastating consequences of smoking on the nursing profession. Published in the NovemberDecember edition of the journal Nursing Research, the findings describe smoking trends and death rates among U.S. nurses and emphasize the importance of supporting smoking cessation programs in the nursing field.

"Nurses witness firsthand how smoking devastates the health of their patients with cancer and respiratory and cardiovascular diseases," said principal investigator Linda Sarna, D.N.Sc, a professor at the UCLA School of Nursing. "Yet nurses struggle with nicotine addiction like the rest of the 45 million smokers in America. We are concerned that nurses who smoke may be less apt to support tobacco-control programs or encourage their patients to quit."

Sarna led a team of researchers who analyzed data from the Nurses' Health Study, a historic study on women's health. Launched at Brigham and Women's Hospital in the mid-1970s, the study relied upon surveys completed every two years by 237,648 female registered nurses about their health, including smoking habits.

"The Nurses' Health Study is the largest study of women's health in the world," Sarna said. "From a workforce perspective, however, the findings also hold a mirror up to the well-being of nurses, the largest group of health care professionals in the country."

The current UCLA research explored changes in smoking trends and death rates among female nurses enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study between 1976 and 2003, a span of 27 years.

Sarna and her colleagues compared the differences in death rates among nurses who never smoked, former smokers and current smokers. In all age groups, roughly twice as many current smokers had died in comparison to nurses who never smoked.

"Quitting smoking made a big difference in enhancing longevity, especially among nurses in their late 70s," Sarna said. "Death rates among former smokers that age were 1.5 times higher than those of non-smokers, while current smokers were 2.3 times more likely to have died by that age than nurses who never smoked."

According to the most recent data, the smoking rate among registered nurses nationwide is nearly 12 percent.

The rate of smoking among women in the Nurses' Health Study declined from 33.2 percent in 1976 to 8.4 percent in 2003. The number of cigarettes smoked per day also dropped. However, the daily number among current smokers still averaged more than 15 cigarettes, or over half a pack.

"When the Nurses' Health Study began in 1976, nursing education gave limited attention to smoking's effect on health. Today, the amount of time devoted to tobacco cessation in the curriculum remains inadequate," Sarna said.

"Nurses in the study demonstrated behavior patterns similar to women in the general population," she added. "For example, the younger nurses in the study began smoking before entering the profession, a pattern reflected by American women starting smoking at younger ages in general. Being a nurse did not make these women immune to nicotine addiction."

Although data from the Nurses' Health Study has been used by the U.S. Surgeon General, researchers and health care providers to craft health policy, the findings have rarely been directed to the nursing community itself.

"It is encouraging to see that fewer and fewer nurses are smoking, but we can't declare the problem solved," said Michelle Larkin, senior program officer for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which funded the UCLA team's research. "The devastating effects of smoking are all too real for those nurses who still smoke. We need research to learn about the factors that lead them to smoke and more resources to help them quit."


'/>"/>

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
eschmidt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2272
University of California - Los Angeles
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Cardiff scientists study acute infection in end-stage kidney disease patients
2. Study Calls for Labeling of Potentially Dangerous Energy Drinks
3. Quigley Announces Completion of Phase IIb Clinical Study of QR-333 For Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy on November 25, 2008; Collection and Evaluation of Study Data to Begin Immediately Thereafter
4. The miseries of allergies just may help prevent some cancers, study finds
5. Study Questions Screening Heart Attack Patients for Depression
6. Study: Smoking Ban Would Help Reduce Heart Attack Admissions
7. Pivotal Emory study focuses on teens at risk for psychosis
8. New study: A Common Class of GI Medications Reduce Protection Against Heart Attack in Patients Taking Widely Prescribed Cardiovascular Drug
9. Study Finds Folic Acid Not Cardioprotective, Though Safe
10. Study Finds Timing Is Everything For Some Heart Attack Patients
11. New technique to study the genetics of breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Cardiac arrhythmia is a common complication following ... survival, reports a team of UPMC researchers in the largest study of its ... Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, provide critical information that will hopefully lead to better ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... An April Gallup survey found rising health care ... of Sun Health Senior Living (SHSL) may not share those same worries ... prescription copays for the year, while holding the line on increasing their contributions, including ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... The Lung Institute has partnered ... cessation class starting June 6 at their clinic in downtown Tampa. The class is ... the Lung Institute has created a free downloadable 4 Week Smoking Cessation Guide ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... NJ Top Doc! Along with his wonderful accolades and stellar patient reviews, Dr. ... Congratulations, Dr. Batelli! , Dr. Eugene Batelli is a highly trained Podiatric Surgeon ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... A ... Valley-based startup, The Dough Bar, has ignited an undeniable buzz in the ... a doughnut. But not just any doughnut.  These doughnuts are packed with 11 grams ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 2016   ... primären Endpunkte und demonstriert Ebenbürtigkeit bei der ... ‚ausgezeichneter plus guter , Reinigung ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130829/633895-a ) , ... Daten von der MORA-Studie der Phase III für ...
(Date:5/24/2016)...  NxStage Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: NXTM ), ... care, today announced that Jeffrey H. Burbank , ... schedule of investor conferences. Where applicable, a webcast of ... .   ... Friday, June 10, 2016 1:30 p.m. ET ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... 24, 2016 Los innovadores ... del mundo, introduce catéteres para la intervención de ... una compañía global especializada en el suministro de ... su cartera incluyendo productos para tratar la enfermedad ... PTA son los dispositivos de primera entrada de ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: