Navigation Links
UCLA bioengineers discover single cancer cell can produce up to 5 daughter cells
Date:7/5/2012

It's well known in conventional biology that during the process of mammalian cell division, or mitosis, a mother cell divides equally into two daughter cells. But when it comes to cancer, say UCLA researchers, mother cells may be far more prolific.

Bioengineers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science developed a platform to mechanically confine cells, simulating the in vivo three-dimensional environments in which they divide, and found that, upon confinement, cancer cells often split into three or more daughter cells.

"We hope that this platform will allow us to better understand how the 3-D mechanical environment may play a role in the progression of a benign tumor into a malignant tumor that kills," said Dino Di Carlo, an associate professor of bioengineering at UCLA and principal investigator on the research.

The biological process of mitosis is tightly regulated by specific biochemical checkpoints to ensure that each daughter cell receives an equal set of sub-cellular materials, such as chromosomes or organelles, to create new cells properly.

However, when these checkpoints are miscued, the mistakes can have detrimental consequences. One key component is chromosomal count: When a new cell acquires extra chromosomes or loses chromosomes known as aneuploidy the regulation of important biological processes can be disrupted, a key characteristic of many invasive cancers. A cell that divides into more than two daughter cells undergoes a complex choreography of chromosomal motion that can result in aneuploidy.

By investigating the contributing factors that lead to mismanagement during the process of chromosome segregation, scientists may better understand the progression of cancer, said the researchers, whose findings were recently published online in the peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE.

For the study, the UCLA team created a microfluidic platform to mechanically confine cancer cells to study the effects of 3-D microenvironments on mitosis events. The platform allowed for high-resolution, single-cell microscopic observations as the cells grew and divided. This platform, the researchers said, enabled them to better mimic the in vivo conditions of a tumor's space-constrained growth in 3-D environments in contrast to traditionally used culture flasks.

Surprisingly, the team observed that such confinement resulted in the abnormal division of a single cancer cell into three or four daughter cells at a much higher rate than typical. And a few times, they observed a single cell splitting into five daughter cells during a single division event, likely leading to aneuploid daughter cells.

"Even though cancer can arise from a set of precise mutations, the majority of malignant tumors possess aneuploid cells, and the reason for this is still an open question," said Di Carlo, who is also a member of the California NanoSystems Institute at UCLA. "Our new microfluidic platform offers a more reliable way for researchers to study how the unique tumor environment may contribute to aneuploidy."


'/>"/>

Contact: Matthew Chin
mchin@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0680
University of California - Los Angeles
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UZH research team discovers the origins of key immune cells
2. Discovery improves understanding of early onset inflammatory disease
3. Scientists discover new clues explaining tendon injury
4. Discovery explains how cellular pathways converge to regulate food intake and body weight
5. Researchers discover rare leukemia-causing protein
6. New mechanism of bacterial pathogenesis discovered
7. New mouse model helps explain gene discovery in congenital heart disease
8. Discovery helps mice beat urinary tract infections
9. Scientists discover mechanism that promotes lung cancer growth and survival
10. Stanford researchers discover the African cichlids noisy courtship ritual
11. Illnesses in Colorado childrens hospital prompts discovery of contaminated alcohol pads
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/22/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... September 22, 2017 , ... ... to help you brush more effectively even on the go. Their electric toothbrushes ... gingivitis and gum inflammation, with UV sanitizing technology. Combining leading edge Enke technology ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... Global Lyme Alliance ... research, education and awareness, today announced the appointment of Timothy J. Sellati, Ph.D. ... Sellati has more than 20 years of research experience with Lyme and other ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... The American Addiction Treatment Association (AATA) ... in the addiction treatment industry entitled: Special Investigations Unit (SIU) – What ... state and federal governments are increasingly scrutinizing the addiction treatment industry for fraudulent ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... , ... In addition to sticking with the new years ... and use natural alternatives for all house cleaning products, disinfectants, respiratory relief, and ... the new line of essential oils, are all 100% organic and natural. , ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... RICHMOND, Va. (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 ... ... Richmond with a different approach to addiction recovery at a time when Virginia ... 1,420 deaths resulting from drug overdose, a staggering increase of 38 percent from ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/6/2017)...  Medical professionals are expected to continuously ... their patients. Medical simulations offer clinicians the ... Simulation provides a safe method for teaching ... refine techniques and build confidence, without putting ... such as augmented reality, will now provide ...
(Date:9/5/2017)... 5, 2017  Xyntek Inc. has announced another milestone in their continued growth ... to meet the growing demands of customer engagements regionally.  ... Xyntek's new Midwest office is located at 318 West Adams Street, Suite ... Xyntek's ... ...
(Date:9/1/2017)... , Sept. 1, 2017  Explorers Like Us ( https://explorerslikeus.com/ ... greatest aural experiences — and deliver these experiences as part ... help people feel and heal better. ... While nothing beats a walk, jog ... your mind, Life Environments™ is the next best thing when ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: