Navigation Links
UCI researchers find novel memory-enhancing mechanism in brain

Irvine, Calif., Dec. 14, 2010 UC Irvine researchers have identified a novel mechanism in the brain that boosts memory.

In collaboration with scientists at Germany's University of Munster, the UCI team found that a small protein called neuropeptide S can strengthen and prolong memories of everything from negative events to simple objects.

According to study leader Rainer Reinscheid, UCI associate professor of pharmaceutical sciences, the discovery could provide important clues about how the brain stores memories and also lead to new treatments for Alzheimer's disease, dementia and other cognitive impairments.

"Additionally, it may help us better understand post-traumatic stress disorder, which involves exaggerated memories of traumatic events," he said.

In tests on mice, the researchers observed that if neuropeptide S receptors in the brain were activated immediately after a learning experience, it could be recalled for much longer and with much greater intensity.

This memory enhancement lasted up to a week, Reinscheid said, but when NPS receptor activation was disrupted, the mice didn't remember events as strongly if at all when tested just a day or two later.

Study results, which appear in a Dec. 8 advance online article for the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, are in accordance with Reinscheid's previous findings that NPS causes wakefulness and has a calming effect.

"It appears that the combination of increased alertness and reduced anxiety produced by NPS prepares the animals to learn much better," he said. "Memory is remarkably improved after activation of their NPS system, and the effects are long-lasting, independent of content."


Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers make critical leukemia stem cell discovery
2. U-M researchers discover way to block neurodegeneration in an adult form of Fragile X syndrome
3. Leibniz Prize 2011: 10 researchers awarded €2.5 million ($3.3 million) each
4. Researchers Turn Stem Cells Into Intestinal Tissue in Lab
5. Expert analysis of HER2 tests reveals issues with reliability, Mayo Clinic researchers say
6. Researchers establish new rule to predict risk of stroke, death from surgery that prevents it
7. Hospital shootings rare, but rate of other assults high, Johns Hopkins researchers find
8. Fox Chase researchers uncover new risk factors for brain metastases in breast cancer patients
9. Autism breakthrough: Researchers identify possible treatment for impaired sociability
10. Researchers Assess Gay Youths Mental Health
11. Restless Legs in Pregnancy Likely to Recur, Researchers Say
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Inevitably when people think Thanksgiving, ... choose to buy during the Black Friday and Cyber Monday massage chair sales ... search the Internet high and low to find the best massage chair deals, they ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... PRMA Plastic Surgery is updating their ... surgeons performed their 6,000th free flap breast reconstruction surgery! , “What an accomplishment for ... excited to rebuild lives and it’s an honor to have served all of these ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Additional breast cancers found with ... according to a study published online in the journal Radiology. Researchers said that ... necessitate a change in treatment. , Breast MRI is the most sensitive technique ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... factory direct sauna parts and accessories. , Sauna accessories help improve the bather ... style and personality. From basic styles for the purist looking for simplicity in ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... According to an article published ... and more widely heralded as a breakthrough for performing hernia repairs. The article explains ... laparoscopic surgery is that it can greatly reduce the pain that a patient might ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)...  The total global healthcare industry is expected to grow ... Latin America has the highest projected growth at ... Japan ), is second with growth projected at 11.5%. ... healthcare expenditure. In 2013-2014, total government funded healthcare was nearly ... to 41.2% in 2013-2014. In real terms, out of pocket ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 AAIPharma Services ... investment of at least $15.8  Million to expand ... Wilmington, NC . The expansion will provide ... meet the growing demands of the pharmaceutical and ... site expansion will provide up to 40,000 square ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Israel , November 25, 2015 ... KTOV ) (TASE: KTOV), a biopharmaceutical company focused ... treatment of various clinical conditions, today announced the closing ... American Depository Shares ( ADSs ), each representing 20 ... up to 3,158,900 ADSs. The ADSs and warrants were ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: