Navigation Links
UC research examines interventions in treating African-Americans with substance abuse
Date:2/19/2013

New research out of the University of Cincinnati reveals a relatively rare look into the success of substance abuse treatment programs for African-Americans. Researchers report that self-motivation could be an important consideration into deciding on the most effective treatment strategy. The study led by Ann Kathleen Burlew, a UC professor of psychology, and LaTrice Montgomery, a UC assistant professor of human services, is published online this week in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Specifically among African-Americans, the study investigated the effectiveness of Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) compared with the standard treatment, Counseling as Usual (CAU).

Motivation Enhancement Therapy which involves expressing empathy, setting goals, avoiding argumentation and supporting self-efficacy is designed to address the ambivalence surrounding substance abuse treatment, whether abusers are at the stage where they're ready to live a substance-free life or whether they are still denying the need for any treatment.

The study examined the relation of treatment type and the motivation for treatment to the outcomes of the participants. The researchers found that for participants in Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET), the substance abusers who were highly motivated to change reported fewer days of substance abuse per week than participants in Counseling As Usual (CAU) programs. However, among the lower-motivated participants, the Counseling As Usual (CAU) participants reported fewer days of substance abuse over time than participants in Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET).

The researchers report that the study contributes to the public health need for more empirical evidence on effective substance abuse treatments for African-Americans. The researchers reported finding only two previous readiness-to-change (RTC) studies with African-Americans, completed two decades ago.

The study is a secondary analysis of a clinical trial by the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network. The findings focused on 194 African-Americans in five community treatment programs over a 16-week period. Their average age was 37. Approximately one-fourth of the African-American population studied (24.7 percent) was female. The self-reported substance abuse ranged from alcohol (26.3 percent) to cocaine (25.8 percent), marijuana (18 percent), two or more drugs (24.2 percent) or other drugs (5.6 percent) as their primary drug of choice.

The UC research was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse.

Additional researchers on the study are Andrzej Kosinski, associate professor of biostatistics and bioinformatics, Duke University School of Medicine; and Alyssa Forcehimes, assistant professor of psychiatry, University of New Mexico.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Fuller
dawn.fuller@uc.edu
513-556-1823
University of Cincinnati
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. International space station plays host to innovative infectious disease research
2. Moffitt researchers say silencing of retinoblastoma gene regulates differentiation of myeloid cells
3. Researchers guardians of trust in biobank research
4. HypothyroidMom.com Reveals Research Linking Hypothyroidism to the Deadliest Diseases of Our Time
5. Researchers Detect an Anti-Autism Advantage in Females
6. Contract Research Organization, WCCT Global, Welcomes Gary Urban as Executive Director, Corporate Compliance and Quality
7. BioMEMS: Microsystem Applications Market for Healthcare in New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com
8. The research is in: Physical activity enhances cognition
9. Major grant for research on healthy aging
10. Einstein researchers present on imaging advances
11. Researchers at St. Michaels Hospital test tool for screening cancer patients for malnutrition
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Pharmica Consulting ... on all facets of clinical trial planning and management. Pharmica discussed the importance ... more. In addition, attendees stopping by Pharmica’s booth were able to demo its ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Cancer diagnostics workflow ... Tri-Conference February 20 – 22 in San Francisco. As part of the Tri-Conference ... molecular pathology workflow solution, as well as its new precision medicine platform, “Crosswalk ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... ... Top neuroendocrine cancer doctors, nurses and specialists from around the world will ... in Beaver Creek, CO. It was announced today by Cindy Lovelace, executive director of ... hosting over 60 faculty members and addressing unmet needs of the NET community. ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... , ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... financial planning assistance to families and business owners in the greater Fort Lauderdale ... Families organization. , For more than 30 years, LifeNet 4 Families has ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... For some cancer survivors, ... final treatments. Physician researchers at The Marcus Institute of Integrative Health at ... efficacy in reducing symptoms of traumatic stress in cancer patients and published ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/17/2017)... -- Perrigo Company plc (NYSE, TASE: PRGO) today announced it has ... for hydrocodone bitartrate and homatropine methylbromide oral solution (syrup), 5 ... and homatropine methylbromide oral solution (syrup), 5 mg/1.5 mg per ... in adults and children 6 years of age and older. ... approximately $16 million.   ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... , Feb 17, 2017 Research and Markets ... Business Report" report to their offering. ... The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, ... , Asia-Pacific , Latin America ... the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... partnership with CitiHope , Panexus Haiti ... Jack Brewer Foundation (JBF Worldwide) has sent a ... medicine to Innovating Health International (IHI) in ... to treating chronic diseases and addressing women,s health issues in developing ... and providing these medicines to the organization ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: