Navigation Links
U of M researchers identify key proteins influencing major immune strategies
Date:10/28/2013

MINNEAPOLIS/ST. PAUL (October 27, 2013) New research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, and the University of Minnesota Center for Immunology has identified key proteins that influence immune response strategies, a finding that could influence new vaccination approaches.

The study, published in the latest edition of Nature Immunology, looked closely at the KLF2 and S1P1 genes, and how their expression impacted the immune strategy of a cell.

The immune system has two main strategies to empower white blood cells, or lymphocytes, to resist infections of the body.

The first strategy, called recirculation, is a process where white blood cells are carried around in circulating blood, allowing rapid access to organs once an immune response has begun.

The second major strategy allows lymphocytes to migrate into tissues and remain there long-term, creating a kind of rapid response team to any infectious organism that enters the body. These cells are called resident memory T-cells or Trm, and they play a dominant role in initiating immune responses that control infections.

"A key question we had was how lymphocytes make the choice to be a recirculator or a resident," said Stephen Jameson, Ph.D., a professor in the Center for Immunology and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology in the University of Minnesota Medical School. "We already knew the protein KLF2 regulates the expression of genes. One of those genes, called S1P1, allows lymphocytes to leave tissues and begin recirculating."

Intrigued by the impact of KLF2 and S1P1 on lymphocytes' ability to move out of tissues, Jameson and colleagues wanted to compare resident and recirculating cells and the KLF2 and S1P1 levels. They found that resident T-cells had lost expression of the KLF2 and S1P1 genes.

The next step was finding what controlled the expression of KLF1 and S1P1. Jameson's team was able to pinpoint cytokines as playing a major role in this cell decision-making process.

"Cytokines are soluble proteins that act similar to hormones for the immune system," said Jameson. "We found the cytokines can instruct cells to become resident memory cells, thereby may be useful for bolstering local immunity."

Though further research is needed to define the biochemical signals dictating how recirculation versus residency is chosen, learning more about these key signals instructing T-cells to determine their strategic immunity role could significantly improve vaccination approaches. Researchers may be able to use the knowledge and develop technology to focus memory T-cells to form a barrier to infections.


'/>"/>

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers detail possible resistance mechanisms of colorectal cancer to bevacizumab (Avastin)
2. Carnegie Mellon and University at Buffalo researchers improving transit for people with disabilities
3. Researchers discover a new protein fold with a transport tunnel
4. Mount Sinai Researchers Identify Mechanisms and Potential Biomarkers of Tumor Cell Dormancy
5. Study by researchers at Saarland University demonstrates preventive effect of sterols in Alzheimers
6. Neurotoxin effectively relieves bone cancer pain in dogs, Penn researchers find
7. Mount Sinai Researchers Find Value -- and Limitations -- of Patient Assistance Programs for Women with Breast Cancer
8. Researchers propose social network modeling to fight hospital infections
9. BUSM researchers make a case for free fatty acids
10. Researchers launch first-ever phase II safety study of rectal microbicide to prevent HIV
11. CWRU researchers probe brain implant failure and countermeasure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... , media relations, content marketing, social media management, corporate communications, SEO and cause ... the state and in nearby New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Canada, Rosica will focus ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Colorado (PRWEB) , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... Magazine, an exciting, new, interactive publication where generations converge and explore the world ... expand their worldview, Dialog Magazine enables readers to gain understanding, increase empathy, and ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... new partnership with the Rhode Island Consortium for Autism Research and Treatment (RI-CART) ... for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to see films in an environment ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Curemark, LLC announced today that the Blüm Study, a Phase ... 3-8 with Autism, is now enrolling at three new sites. These new sites are ... , “There are currently no approved drugs that address the core symptoms of ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... York (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... entrance and lobby of a new healthcare contact center in Georgia, PENETRON Specialty ... One of the nation’s largest healthcare systems recently invested $51 million to purchase ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017  Cogentix Medical, Inc. ... and markets innovative proprietary products for the urology market, ... fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 before the market ... The Company will host a conference call and webcast ... Thursday, March 9, 2017 at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb 23, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Menopause Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies - ... The research answers the following questions: ... How are they positioned in the Global Menopause market? ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... - 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Fibromyalgia Drugs Price ... in the global Fibromyalgia market. The research answers the ... marketed for Fibromyalgia and their clinical attributes? How are they positioned ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: