Navigation Links
U of M Study Provides First Scientific Evidence That the Freedom to Breathe Act is Creating Healthier Workplaces for Hospitality Employees
Date:3/26/2008

Study found an 85 percent decrease in carcinogen levels in study

participants

MINNEAPOLIS, March 27 /PRNewswire/ -- A new study released today by the University of Minnesota Cancer Center and ClearWay Minnesota(SM) found that since the Freedom to Breathe Act went into effect on October 1, 2007, hospitality workers have significantly reduced exposure to a tobacco-specific cancer causing chemical.

The study measured workers exposure to cotinine (a measure of nicotine exposure) and NNAL, a by-product of a potent lung cancer-causing toxin, before and after the law took effect. The study included nonsmoking employees of bars, restaurants and bowling alleys from throughout the state. Each participant submitted urine samples taken before and after the law was enacted, as well as a detailed questionnaire, to the University of Minnesota research team for analysis. Major findings include an 83 percent decrease in cotinine levels and an 85 percent decrease in NNAL levels inside study participant's bodies.

Dr. Dorothy Hatsukami, a nationally respected tobacco researcher, served as the lead investigator for the study. "The comprehensive smoking ban has had a significant impact in reducing bodily exposure to a powerful lung cancer cancer-causing agent and nicotine in our hospitality workers.

"Protecting our workers (and patrons) from known cancer causing agents, which has been demonstrated to be present in the urine of these workers prior to the smoking ban, should continue to be a high priority," said Dr. Hatsukami, Forster Family Professor in Cancer Prevention, University of Minnesota Cancer Center.

The findings substantiate previous University of Minnesota Cancer Center studies that have shown that nonsmoking restaurant workers and casino patrons have significantly higher levels of cancer-causing toxins in their bodies after working in or visiting establishments that allow smoking. Other research has estimated that restaurant and bar employees who do not smoke have about a 50 percent higher risk of contracting lung cancer than the general population. This risk has been related in part to exposure to secondhand smoke in their workplace.

"We have known for a long time that secondhand smoke is dangerous to nonsmokers. This study underscores the health risks faced by Minnesota hospitality workers prior to the passage of the smoke-free law," said Dr. Barbara Schillo, Director of Research for ClearWay Minnesota. "These data provide conclusive evidence that the Freedom to Breathe Act is working to create healthier workplaces for all Minnesotans."

Methodology

This study involved 24 nonsmoking bar, restaurant and bowling alley employees who typically were not exposed to secondhand smoke except in their workplaces. Subjects were asked to collect urine samples and complete exposure questionnaires prior to the smoke-free law after working a shift equal to or greater than six hours. The second urine sample and questionnaires were collected four to six weeks after the smoke-free law went into effect and after working a shift equal to or greater than six hours. These urine samples were assessed for total NNAL and total cotinine. To view the report, visit http://www.tturc.umn.edu or http://www.clearwaymn.org.

University of Minnesota Cancer Center

The Cancer Center at the University of Minnesota is a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center. Awarded more than $80 million in peer-reviewed grants during fiscal year 2007, the Cancer Center conducts cancer research that advances knowledge and enhances care. The center also engages in community outreach and public education efforts addressing cancer. To learn more about cancer, visit the University of Minnesota Cancer Center Web site at http://www.cancer.umn.edu. For cancer questions, call the Cancer Center information line at 1-888-CANCER MN (1-888-226-2376) or 612-624-2620 in the metro area.

ClearWay Minnesota(SM)

ClearWay Minnesota(SM) is an independent, non-profit organization that improves the health of Minnesotans by reducing the harm caused by tobacco. ClearWay Minnesota serves Minnesota through its grant-making program, through QUITPLAN(R) Services and through statewide outreach activities. It is funded with 3 percent of the state's 1998 tobacco settlement.

For more information on QUITPLAN Services, call 952-767-1400 or visit http://www.clearwaymn.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE ClearWay Minnesota
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
3. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
4. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
5. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
6. Preclinical study suggests organ-transplant drug may aid in lupus fight
7. Ability to cope with stress can increase good cholesterol in older white men, study finds
8. High alcohol consumption increases stroke risk, Tulane study says
9. Mailman School of Public Health study examines link between racial discrimination and substance use
10. Pitt study finds inequality in tobacco advertising
11. Stanford study highlights cost-effective method of lowering heart disease risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... a new educational seminar to focus on current legislative activity and the latest ... begin at 1 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 10, and will continue through Monday, Sept. ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Somnoware, ... NOX-T3 portable sleep monitor with its Somnoware Sleep Device Interface (SDI). Somnoware SDI ... diagnostic device operations. With this platform, initializing devices and importing studies are just ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Boar’s Head Brand®, one of ... Memorial Day entertaining that are sure to satisfy your guests’ flavor cravings, while ... and cheeses featured in these refreshingly balanced recipes are packed with flavor, creating ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... , ... May 26, 2017 , ... On May 24, ... which narrowly passed the U.S. House on May 4, would result in 23 million ... under continued implementation of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh ... the Peace Agreements being discussed by President Donald Trump and the rest of the ... to speed up peace talks in the continuous battle between Israel and Palestine. The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... , May 10, 2017 CSSi, the global ... the clinical research industry, is proud to announce the ... The new website features both enriched content and a ... and enhances the company,s already well-established position as the ... "After many months of hard work, we ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... -- Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ORMP ) ... on the development of oral drug delivery systems, ... has granted Oramed a patent titled, "Methods and ... covers Oramed,s invention of an oral glucagon-like peptide-1 ... hormone that stimulates the secretion of insulin from ...
(Date:5/8/2017)... May 8, 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO)., ... ("WRB"), a health care service center company based ... WRB specializes in relationship management programs for leading pharmaceutical ... WRB will join Envoy Health ... services for manufacturers, biotech firms, and other service companies. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: