In comparison, spending on comprehensive, state-based tobacco prevention and control programs in fiscal year 2007 were about 325 times less than that $193 billion, according to the study.
The authors of a third study suggested that efforts to reduce exposure to tobacco smoke (including secondhand smoke) could help reverse increases in costs and deaths caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a preventable and treatable condition that's the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. In 2005, COPD accounted for one in 20 deaths in the United States. Smoking and exposure to air pollution are major risk factors for COPD.
Between 2000 and 2005, the COPD death rate in the United States increased 8 percent -- from 116,494 to 126,005, the study noted. The analysis of data from the U.S. National Vital Statistics System found that more women (65,193) than men (60,812) died from COPD in 2005, while the number of female and male deaths in 2000 was about the same -- 58,436 and 58,058, respectively.
The researchers also found that between 2000 and 2005, COPD death rates among women increased from 54.4 to 56 per 100,000 but decreased among men, from 83.8 to 77.3 per 100,000.
The studies were published in the Nov. 13 issue of the CDC journal, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
The American Cancer Society has more about smoking and health.
-- Robert Preidt
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