Navigation Links
U.S. Rates of Autism, ADHD Continue to Rise: Report
Date:5/23/2011

By Jenifer Goodwin
HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, May 23 (HealthDay News) -- One in six U.S. children now has a developmental disability such as autism, learning disorders or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

That number appears to be on the rise. In 1997-1999, about 12.8 percent of kids were diagnosed with a developmental disability. That number rose to 15 percent in 2006-2008 -- or an additional 1.8 million U.S. children.

Much of the bump up in cases seems driven by rising rates of autism and ADHD, experts say.

"The most important message here is raising awareness of the importance of this as a health problem and one we need to address," said lead study author Coleen Boyle, director of the U.S. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. "Children are our future, and many of these children can grow up to be very productive citizens, so we need to invest in programs to help facilitate their development."

Researchers used data from the 1997-2008 National Health Interview Surveys, an annual, nationally representative survey of U.S. households. The surveys asked parents of children aged 3 to 17 if their children had been diagnosed with ADHD, intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, autism, seizures, stuttering or stammering, moderate to profound hearing loss, blindness, learning disorders and/or other developmental delays.

Nearly 10 million U.S. children had been diagnosed with one of those conditions in 2006-2008, according to parental reports.

Much of the increase is being driven by ADHD and autism diagnoses, Boyle said. About 7.6 percent of children were diagnosed with ADHD in 2006-2008, up from 5.7 percent in 1997-1999. About 0.74 percent of kids had received in autism diagnosis in 2006-2008, up from 0.19 percent in 1997-1999.

The number of children slotted under "other developmental delays," a catch-all category, also rose from 3.4 percent to 4.24 percent.

The study is published online May 23 and in the June print issue of Pediatrics.

So, are the number of children with developmental disabilities on the rise, or are parents and doctors getting better at detecting cases? According to Dr. Nancy Murphy, chair of the American Academy of Pediatrics' Council on Children with Disabilities, the increases in these conditions may signify a greater awareness on the part of parents, teachers and health care professionals to identify children with disabilities and get them help.

That could mean that kids that might have been dismissed as simply being "slow" or disobedient in the past may now be getting some extra help to realize their potential, Murphy said.

"It speaks to providers and educators and parents being attentive to when kids are struggling, and that attentiveness is bringing them into systems that can generate diagnoses," Murphy said. "There is a greater willingness to say, 'My kid is struggling -- not because he's a bad kid but he may need a different approach to learning or development or behavior than he or she is getting.'"

One unanswered question is whether greater awareness and efforts to diagnose kids is the only explanation, or if there actually are a greater percentage of kids who are being born with or developing disabilities such as autism and ADHD early in life.

Research has suggested that advanced maternal and paternal age, assisted reproductive technology and greater numbers of premature or late-preterm births, could all be factors in some developmental disabilities, Boyle said. However, those are areas that need much more research, she added.

Improvements in medical technology also means that children born with very serious developmental disabilities, such as neuromuscular or chromosomal disorders, are now surviving conditions that would have killed them in the past. That could also explain some of the uptick in numbers, Murphy said.

In other findings, boys were more likely to have a developmental disability than girls. Hispanic children were the least likely to be diagnosed with a number of disabilities, compared with white and black children.

Children with public insurance, mainly Medicaid, were more likely to have disabilities than those on private insurance plans.

And although rates of autism and ADHD were up, other developmental conditions remained basically steady, including blindness and intellectual disability, while moderate to profound hearing loss showed a significant decline.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Child Health & Human Development has more on kids and developmental disabilities.

SOURCES: Coleen Boyle, Ph.D., director, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities; Nancy Murphy, M.D., associate professor, pediatrics, University of Utah, and chair, American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children with Disabilities; May 23, 2011, Pediatrics


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Enlarged prostate: Study demonstrates immediate and long-term benefits of laser treatment
2. The peculiar feeding mechanism of the first vertebrates
3. Advanced-stage prostate cancer patients experience 20-year survival rates with surgery
4. Doctors decisions on initial hospital admissions may affect readmission rates
5. Mind/body program increases pregnancy rates in IVF treatment
6. Systematic effort helps hospital raise employee flu vaccination rates
7. Heart Bypass Surgery Rates Drop Dramatically, Study Finds
8. Colorectal cancer screening rates on rise among Medicare beneficiaries due to expansion of coverage
9. Research demonstrates link between H1N1 and low birth weight
10. Breast Cancer Recurrence Rates Appear Different When Radiation Used
11. Black cardiac arrest patients more likely to be admitted to hospitals with lowest survival rates
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
U.S. Rates of Autism, ADHD Continue to Rise: Report
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Lori G. Cohen and ... office, will speak at the American Conference Institute’s 21st Drug & Medical Device ... a Lead Sponsor of the conference. , Cohen, who chairs the firm’s Pharmaceutical, Medical ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Advanced Inc., a leading provider of travel therapy and travel ... serve as Advanced Inc.’s Chief Financial Officer, effective December 1, 2016. Jason previously served ... and operational leadership experience to Advanced Inc. He began his career in finance at ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... PITTSBURGH, PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... or struggling through rehabilitation of an injury, patients must find the one that works ... for his pain, he created a machine that worked and decided to share it ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... of its SaaS LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research and ... storing, shipping and disposal. The new version is a faster and a more ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, ... into Bible Prophecy. Yisrayl says this generation, known as the Last Generation, started in ... the details line up exactly with Bible Prophecy – a protected way for those ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... According to a new ... Product (Instruments, Reagents, Software), Technology (Immunoassay, Clinical Chemistry, ... Infectious Diseases) - Forecast to 2021" published by ... 60.22 Billion in 2016. This market is expected ... the forecast period (2016-2021) to reach USD 78.74 ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... On Thursday, December 1st 2016, the Prix ... and innovation in the biopharmaceutical industry at its third ... presence of Sergey Tsyb, Vice Minister of Industry and ... Natalia Sanina, First Vice Chairman of the State Duma ... National Service of Control in Healthcare, Sergey Muravev, Director ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 2, 2016 bioLytical Laboratories, ein Weltführer ... bei den Mitgliedern des Apothekenbundes von Kenia eingeführt. ... ... INSTI HIV Self Test! (PRNewsFoto/bioLytical Laboratories) ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161201/444905 ) ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: