In addition, police can crack down on people who illegally carry guns, particularly in inner cities. "Special units -- whose principal task is to identify individuals who illegally carry guns and arrest them and get the guns off the streets -- appear to work to reduce gun violence," Webster said.
Also, community programs like "Cease Fire" can have a significant effect in reducing gun violence, he added.
Gary Kleck, the David J. Bordua Professor of Criminology at Florida State University in Tallahassee, has another take on how to reduce inner-city gun violence.
The evidence suggests that better gun control doesn't necessarily reduce violence, but a broad-based approach tends to reduce homicide in general, he said.
For one thing, "locking up more criminals reduces violence; it's not gun specific," he said. There are treatment programs that can help, he added. "They basically teach offenders how to think differently when [they] face a violent situation," Kleck said.
In addition, job training can help in getting people not to commit crimes or violence, Kleck said.
For more information on gun violence, visit the U.S. National Institute of Justice.
SOURCES: Linda L. Dahlberg, Ph.D., associate director for science, violence prevention division, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Daniel Webster, Sc.D., M.P.H., professor and co-director, Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, Baltimore; Gary Kleck, Ph.D., David J. Bordua Professor of Criminology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Fla.; May 13, 2011, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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