Navigation Links
U.S.-Mandated Report Finds Vaccines Safe for Kids
Date:8/25/2011

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Aug. 25 (HealthDay News) -- An exhaustive new report from experts at the Institute of Medicine finds that children's vaccines are typically safe, with bad reactions occurring only rarely and then not causing any lasting medical problems.

The IOM committee also agreed that there is no evidence supporting a connection between certain vaccines and the later onset of conditions such as autism or type 1 diabetes in kids.

The purported link between the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism, especially, has been hotly contested, both in the media and the courts in recent years. In 2010, the British researcher behind a 1998 study that was pivotal in suggesting such a link was accused of fraud and the journal that published it has since retracted the research.

In its review, the IOM committee examined more than 1,000 studies, looking for problems possibly related to vaccines, such as seizures, inflammation of the brain and fainting, as well as longer-term issues.

"We looked at eight different vaccines and a number of adverse effects, and what we found is that there is very little evidence that vaccines cause adverse events," said committee chair Dr. Ellen Wright Clayton, professor of pediatrics and law, and director of the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society at Vanderbilt University.

"And most of the adverse events that there is evidence for tend to be time-limited," she said.

The report was requested by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to provide a scientific base for deciding on compensation for people claiming injury from any of the eight vaccines covered by the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. The program was set up in 1988, and last February the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the 1986 law that created the program.

The report found evidence that in rare cases the MMR vaccine can lead to fever-triggered seizures, but these tend not to have long-term consequences, Clayton noted.

Also in rare cases, the MMR vaccine can cause brain inflammation in people with severe immune system deficiencies, she added.

In a very few children, the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine can cause brain swelling, pneumonia, hepatitis, meningitis or shingles. Most of these problems affect people with immune system deficiencies that increase susceptibility to the live viruses used in MMR and varicella vaccines, the report noted.

In addition, the MMR, varicella, influenza, hepatitis B, meningococcal and tetanus vaccines can cause a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis shortly after injection. In general, vaccine injections can result in fainting and inflammation of the shoulder, the committee said.

The evidence for other problems linked to vaccines is less clear, the report found.

The MMR vaccine might cause short-term joint pain in some women and children. Some people can have an allergic reaction after receiving the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine against cervical cancer, and some flu vaccines have resulted in a mild, temporary breathing problems.

Clayton noted that the "MMR vaccine and diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) do not cause type 1 diabetes, and the MMR vaccine does not cause autism."

In addition, the flu shot does not cause Bell's palsy or worsen asthma, Clayton said.

But not everyone is convinced by the IOM's findings. Barbara Loe Fisher, co-founder and president of the National Vaccine Information Center, which has argued for more caution on the immunization of children, said the research is inadequate to determine whether vaccines are safe or not.

"You don't have enough studies that are methodologically sound," she said. "Whether the big increases in asthma and ADHD and other brain and immune system disorders among children is wholly or partly due to the fact that they are getting three times as many vaccines as children in the 1970s and early 1980s is a question that can only be answered by methodologically sound science. We are still left with the big question: Why are so many of our highly vaccinated children so sick today?"

Fisher disagrees with the committee's finding on the MMR and DTaP vaccines, and said she believes they can cause autism and type 1 diabetes. And she believes that parents should have the right not to have their children vaccinated.

"Vaccines should be available as a preventive health care option for all who voluntarily want to use them," she said. But people should not be required to vaccinate their children, she added.

But Clayton countered that it's important to remember what the vaccination of children and adults has achieved.

People who are critical of vaccines "don't remember the diseases that vaccines prevent such as polio, measles and chickenpox," Clayton said. And on the other hand, "a lot of the things that people worry about either don't happen, or there is not enough evidence to make a conclusion," she said.

Another infectious disease expert agreed. Dr. Marc Siegel, an associate professor of medicine at New York University, New York City, said that "current vaccines are safe and the benefits of protecting against the diseases way outweigh the risk of the vaccines."

Siegel also noted that vaccines not only protect an individual, but also protect the general population through what is called "herd immunity."

Research is needed to clarify how many vaccines should be given over what period of time and "if they are all necessary," Siegel said. "That's something that needs to be considered," he added.

More information

For more information on vaccine safety, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

SOURCES: Ellen Wright Clayton, M.D., J.D., Craig-Weaver professor of pediatrics and director, Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, and professor of law, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.; Marc Siegel, M.D., associate professor, medicine, New York University, New York City, author of The Inner Pulse: Unlocking the Secret Code For Sickness and Health; Barbara Loe Fisher, co-founder and president, National Vaccine Information Center; Aug. 25, 2011, Institute of Medicine report, Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Few health problems are caused by vaccines, IOM report finds
2. Sexual satisfaction tied to overall successful aging as reported by women age 60 to 89
3. Three-Quarters of U.S. Jobless Cant Afford Health Care: Report
4. Insulation from public pressure leads to more accurate suicide reporting by death investigators
5. Adult Vaccinations Protect Children: Report
6. Risk of autism among younger siblings of a child with autism much greater than previously reported
7. Lead poisoning from battery industry reported in developing countries
8. Hastings Center Report expands reach through Wiley-Blackwell partnership
9. Colon Cleansing Has No Health Benefit, May Harm: Report
10. Report Urges New Review System for Medical Devices
11. Heat-Linked Illnesses Strike Thousands Each Year: Report
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
U.S.-Mandated Report Finds Vaccines Safe for Kids
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... In an article published ... her enthusiasm for Botox and lip injections, which she underwent in order to feel ... Valley Music and Arts Festival. The article explains that Ms. Mirmelli’s situation is not ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Our bodies are bombarded daily ... confront and deal with these stressors is to adopt a more healthful diet, but ... you. Risa Groux, a certified Holistic Nutritionist and the creator of the Newport Beach ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Sterling, VA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 ... ... Americans with student loans more flexibility in repaying their loans, more information about ... at a time when total outstanding student loan debt, including federal and private ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Spine Team Texas, a comprehensive ... to announce one of their physicians has been invited to be a featured speaker ... Family Practice Review conference on April 30, 2016. , Dr. R. Scott McPherson, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Gluten-Free Certification Program (GFCP), in partnership ... launch of the GFCP Scoop in response to consumer demand for ... GFCP Scoop site is to keep the gluten-free community updated about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)...   Acsis , a leading provider of supply ... research and advisory firm IDC has named it a ... Pharmaceutical Track and Trace Software 2016 Vendor Assessment (doc ... of the capabilities and business strategies of 10 vendors ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160427/360791LOGO ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... BASEL , Schweiz, April 27, 2016 ... des Sachs CEO Forums in Zürich ... Phase-II-Studie ihres führenden Wirkstoffkandidaten STR001 zur Erhaltung ... (CI) eingesetzt wurde, bekannt. Für die umfassende ... Deutschland und Frankreich angeworben. STR001 wird während ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... April 27, 2016   Zillion Group ... health technology platform, which specializes in live video ... scalable digital products, Zillion enables companies to realize ... consumers to take control of their health. ... conferencing – including one-to-one, group and webcast scheduled ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: