Navigation Links
U.S. Infant Deaths on the Decline

But the U.S. still fares worse than many other countries, CDC experts say ,,

FRIDAY, April 30 (HealthDay News) -- In 2006, the latest year for which figures are available, about seven infants died for every 1,000 born in the United States, a 3 percent drop from 2005 and the lowest infant death rate since 1995, U.S health officials announced Friday.

Although the drop in infant mortality was significant, the United States still ranks near the bottom of 32 other industrialized countries when it comes to infant deaths, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

"Clearly the decline from 2005 to 2006 is significant and is good news," said lead report author T.J. Mathews, a demographer, at CDC's National Center for Health Statistics.

"An infant mortality rate at that level is still too high," he added. "Even at this rate, our ranking in the world will probably remain 28th."

In 2006, the infant mortality rate was 6.68 deaths per 1,000 births -- a 3 percent drop from the 6.86 level seen in 2005. In 1995 the infant mortality rate was 7.57 deaths per 1,000 births, Mathews said.

However, "a point that is just critical in the U.S. are the huge disparities that affect mortality in this country," he added.

For example, race and ethnicity mattered. The NCHS said the infant death rate ranged from a low of 4.52 per 1,000 births for mothers of Central and South American descent, to a high of 13.35 deaths per 1,000 for babies born to black mothers.

Among white women the infant mortality rate was 5.73 deaths per 1,000 births.

The mortality rates were higher for women who were born in the United States, were unmarried or who had multiple deliveries, according to the report. Infant deaths were also higher for boys and preterm and low birth weight infants.

In 2006, the death rate among neonates remained basically the same as in 2005 (4.46 versus 4.54). However, the post-neonatal death rate dropped 4 percent, from 2.32 in 2005 to 2.22 in 2006, Mathews said.

Infant deaths in the United States are largely driven by premature and low birth weight deliveries, he added. In fact, in 2006, 54 percent of all infant deaths were among the 2 percent of infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestation.

However, death rates for late-preterm infants, those born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, were still three times those for infants born at term, the report states.

The three leading causes of infant mortality are congenital malformations, low birth weight, and sudden infant death syndrome. Together these accounted for 46 percent of all infant deaths. In 2006, 36.1 percent of infant deaths were due to preterm delivery.

Among black women the rate of these deaths was 3.4 times higher than that of Puerto Rican women and 84 percent higher than that of white women, the researchers found.

It's too early to know if the drop in infant mortality is a trend, Mathews said. "We had actually seen an increase to 2005," he noted. "It's one year. We don't get a trend out of one year."

Mathews noted that for a number of years, the infant mortality rate in the United States has been just under seven deaths for every 1,000 births.

These data are four years old, Mathews noted. But, when more current data will be available isn't known, he said.

Jennifer L. Howse, president of the March of Dimes, said that "we are encouraged by a 3 percent drop in the rate of infant mortality, but it's nothing to write home about yet."

Howse added, "What remains concerning is when you compare the rate of infant mortality in the United States to the 32 other industrialized countries, we still rank very low. It's very disquieting for rates of infant mortality in our country to still be as high as they are."

Howse is also disturbed by ongoing disparities in infant mortality between racial groups.

"Obviously, disparities of income and access to health care are writ large in this area," she said. "But we are encouraged by the passage of the health reform legislation. As the implementation of health reform proceeds over the next couple of years, that's going to help improve these numbers."

More information

For more information on infant mortality, visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

SOURCES: T.J. Mathews, demographer, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics; Jennifer L. Howse, Ph.D., president, March of Dimes; April 30, 2010, CDC, report, Infant Mortality Statistics From the 2006 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Children's Rights Group Agrees with New Study: Infant Circumcision Causes 100 Deaths Each Year in US
2. Infant Swimming Resource & Safe Start USA Have Taught More Than 50,000 Children Self-Rescue™ Swimming Lessons in Orlando
3. Infant Swimming Resource Now Has 11 Self-RescueTM Swimming Locations in Hawaii
4. NCSBS Invites the Public to Pledge to Help End Infant Abuse for Child Abuse Prevention Month in April
5. Sleep-Related Death Rate Higher Among Black Infants
6. Infant Head Bed Celebrates Launch of New Web Site and Packaging by Offering 20 Percent Discount on Plagiocephaly Prevention Pillow
7. Infants Sensitivity to Voices May Develop by 7 Months
8. Too Many Infants Short on Vitamin D
9. Bailout stenting successful treatment for infants with constricted aortas
10. Study to Identify Infants at High Risk for Developing Obesity
11. Improving care for low-birth-weight infants
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... 01, 2015 , ... Physicians’ Education Resource®, LLC (PER®) ... announced that the first annual School of Gastrointestinal Oncology™ (SOGO™) will be held ... treatment of gastrointestinal cancers are undergoing transformational change, providing oncologists with powerful new ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... Growth in ... part due to decreases in utilization of hospital and nonhospital care, according to a ... CompScope™ Medical Benchmarks for Louisiana, 16th Edition , found medical payments per claim with ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Illinois (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... and share medical images have been lifted as IMAGE Information Systems launches MED-TAB™ ... Society of North America Annual Meeting from November 29 to December 4, 2015. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Visage accelerates ... a wholly owned subsidiary of Pro Medicus Ltd. (ASX: PME), has announced they ... Society of North America (RSNA) 2015 annual meeting through December 3 in Chicago, ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... and clinical solutions for the care management and population health arenas, is pleased ... providing clinical and cost containment services, has successfully implemented the ACUITY Complete Care™ ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... A federal court has denied the state of ... filed by the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association (PCMA) challenging the ... law that forces employers and consumers to pay drugstores higher ... must now defend a law that raises health care ... Mark Merritt . --> Arkansas ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015 Pharma Tech Outlook recently conducted ... Clinical Data Management Solution Providers - 2015 .  After ... comprising CEOs, CIOs, VCs, analysts, and the Pharma Tech ... of top 10 clinical data management solution providers (check ... 14 and 36 respectively). --> ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... VERONA, Va. , Dec. 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... today unveiled a new corporate logo and brand ... in the design and engineering of bladed products ... --> --> Serving ... fiber, glass, and auto glass equipment, AccuTEC,s product ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: