Navigation Links
U-M study challenges notion that umpires call more strikes for pitchers of same race
Date:5/22/2013

ANN ARBORA University of Michigan study challenges previous research that suggests umpire discrimination exists in Major League Baseball.

The study, a collaboration between researchers at U-M and the universities of Illinois and Florida, looks deeper into the controversial argument over whether MLB umpires discriminate by calling more strikes for pitchers of the same race. It found little statistical evidence to support that claim, said Jason Winfree, associate professor of sport management at the U-M School of Kinesiology.

Winfree and co-authors Scott Tainsky of Illinois and Brian Mills of Florida, analyzed millions of pitches between 1997 and 2008 and ran the data through various statistical models. Their results suggest that findings of discrimination were questionable.

A draft of the earlier study that initially found evidence of discrimination was released in 2007 and published by the American Economic Review in 2011. National media reported on both the draft of the study and on its later publication.

In the U-M study, Winfree and his co-authors analyzed both their own data as well as that of the previously published study, but did not get consistent results when using different statistical methods and variables.

"Based on what we found, it's(discrimination) certainly not conclusive, and we could make an argument that there's actually reverse discrimination if you look only at averages," Winfree said. "Our point is (that) with something like this you want to look at the data a lot of different ways and see if you get a consistent result each time with each method. It's a pretty bold claim to say there is racial discrimination."

Winfree and colleagues found that the only specifications that suggested discrimination were when the analysis treated pitchers as completely separate players when pitching in stadiums where umpires were monitored. This seemed to drive much of the findings in the earlier study, they said.

The U-M study and others that look at discrimination in sports are significant not only for sports fans and franchises, but because it's very difficult to test for discrimination in most other occupations, Winfree said. However, because professional sports keep such detailed statistics, discrimination or lack of it is more quantifiable.

"This is a place where it's easy to test for discrimination, and if you find it here, it might be present in other work scenarios where you can't really test it," Winfree said.

The issue of discrimination among referees and umpires has raised debate in other sports as well. For instance, in 2010 the Quarterly Journal of Economics published a study that suggested racial bias among referees in the NBA.

The U-M study, "Further examination of potential discrimination among MLB umpires," appears online in the Journal of Sports Economics.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Bailey
baileylm@umich.edu
734-647-1848
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. More Kids Getting Donor Organs, But Gaps Persist, Study Finds
2. Underactive Thyroid and Heart Failure a Bad Combination: Study
3. Study shows that insomnia may cause dysfunction in emotional brain circuitry
4. Abused Children at Risk for Obesity as Adults: Study
5. A pan-European study: Signs of motor disorders can appear years before disease manifestation
6. Study details genes that control whether tumors adapt or die when faced with p53 activating drugs
7. Overeating learned in infancy, study suggests
8. Study finds new pneumococcal vaccine appears to be as safe as previously used vaccine
9. Antidepressants May Be Helpful for Some Heart Patients: Study
10. Study finds COPD is over-diagnosed among uninsured patients
11. Parker Waichman LLP Comments on New Study Showing that MRI is Useful for Predicting Failure of Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/21/2017)... Raton, FL (PRWEB) , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... Germany, announced it is bringing its product to the United States as part of ... over the last 25 years, Alcovit aims to reduce the productions of nasty toxins ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... , ... Seamild, the largest manufacturer of oats in China, is now aiming ... As Oat is recognized globally as one of the healthiest cereals, XieQingkui, the founder ... is a move to sow the seed of good karma. Buddhism spirit featuring benevolence ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Barbara, CA (PRWEB) , ... January 21, 2017 ... ... its Director of Alumni Relations, Dianne Travis-Teague, the electrifying line-up of events for ... festivities for alumni, family, friends, and community. “Coming Home 2017” will be ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... of its new medical office in Petaluma, located at 167 Lynch Creek Way. ... access to SRO sports medicine and rehabilitation services and on-site x-ray ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... The Nobel Biocare™ dental ... in media for its creos™ line of bone regenerative products. Specifically, the ... which he utilizes creos™ allo.gain™ bone graft for a variety of bone reconstruction ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... NEW YORK , Jan. 19, 2017 ... studies the current and future scenario of the global ... for rising opioid consumption. Severe chronic constipation is a ... resistance to traditional laxatives. Hence, novel targeted therapy has ... of OIC sufferers, launch of targeted medicines, and growing ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017 According to a study conducted by ... to witness a CAGR of 6.5% during the forecast period 2016-2024. ... continue to be the leading market for cryotherapy globally during the ... Highlights ... ensuring affordable and adequate supply of gas in order to provide ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... RATON, Fla. , Jan. 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... a medical device company specializing in the treatment ... such as keloids, with superficial radiation therapy, today ... and full year 2016 financial results on Thursday, February ... The Company will hold a conference call with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: