ard said it isn't clear why women and blacks have higher-than-expected mortality, Barbara Araneo, director of complications therapies at the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, said that both discrepancies have been found in other research, and that one theory is that blacks may have a greater genetic susceptibility to heart disease or high blood pressure. And, for women, she said previous research has shown that, "women with diabetes lose their innate protection against [heart disease], similar to the loss sustained in postmenopausal phases of life." But, she said, it's not clear how diabetes causes this loss.
The overall message of the study, however, is a positive one.
"The outcome of this study shows that diabetes care has improved in many ways over the last couple of decades, and as a result people with diabetes are living longer now," said Araneo, adding, "Managing and taking good care of your diabetes is the surest way to reduce the risk of developing complications later in life."
"What we're seeing now is incredibly encouraging, but it's not necessarily the full story yet," said Orchard, who noted that improvements in diabetes care should continue to lower mortality rates in people with type 1 diabetes.
Learn more about type 1 diabetes from the American Diabetes Association.
SOURCES: Trevor J. Orchard, M.B.B.C.H, professor, epidemiology, medicine and pediatrics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Penn.; Barbara Araneo, Ph.D., director, complications therapies, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; December 2010 Diabetes Care
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