Insurgents' explosive devices killing more soldiers, leaving injured with more wounds, study says
TUESDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- As the war in Iraq shifted after the fall of Baghdad to one in which U.S. troops were battling insurgents, the types and severity of injuries suffered by the Marine Corps became more severe and deadly.
That's the finding of a new report by a former U.S. Navy physician who served twice in Iraq. In the second "insurgency" phase of the war, it has also taken longer to transport the wounded to medical care, resulting in more Marines dying from their wounds, the report said.
The primary reason for the changes in the Iraq war owe to changes in the nature of the battlefield, said Dr. Stacy A. Brethauer, a staff surgeon at the Cleveland Clinic. "It's an urban battlefield and improvised explosive devices have changed the injury patterns," he said. "The type of battle has changed, and that is reflected in the types and severity of injuries."
"We found a difference in the severity of casualties and the overall mortality rates within the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force when we compared the use of a forward mobile surgical unit during the invasion compared to the insurgency," Brethauer added.
The Iraqi invasion was the first time forward mobile surgical units were used. These units can provide almost immediate surgical care to wounded front-line troops, Brethauer said.
When the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force returned to Iraq 2004, those surgical units were still used, but in a different way, Brethauer said. "They were positioned in stationary locations, and they did not move while we were there," he said.
"We looked at the data from the first invasion to what we were experiencing during the insurgency," Brethauer said. "We saw significant differences in the severity of wounds we were seeing and the number mortalities we were seeing."
The findings ar
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