Navigation Links
Tylenol May Ease Headaches and Heartaches
Date:12/24/2009

Study suggests over-the-counter painkiller relieves psychological pain

THURSDAY, Dec. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Acetaminophen -- best known as Tylenol -- is usually taken to relieve physical pain, but a new study suggests that the over-the-counter drug may also help ease the psychological pain of rejection.

Researchers assigned 62 healthy college undergraduate students to one of two groups. One group took 1,000 milligrams of acetaminophen daily, while the others took a placebo. Every evening for three weeks, participants were asked to report to what degree they experienced social pain using the "Hurt Feelings Scale," a measure widely used by psychologists.

Those taking acetaminophen reported fewer hurt feelings and social pain over the course of the experiment, while there was no change in reports of hurt feelings among those taking the placebo.

In a second experiment, 25 healthy students were asked to take either 2,000 milligrams of acetaminophen daily or a placebo. After three weeks, participants played a computer game designed to simulate social rejection. (Participants played a virtual ball-tossing game with two unseen, fictitious players who at first appeared to be sharing the ball but later "rejected" the student by not throwing them the ball.)

Students underwent functional MRI while they were playing. When it became apparent they were being rejected, those who had been taking acetaminophen had reduced neural responses in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and anterior insula -- areas of the brain associated with the emotional response to pain -- compared to those on the placebo.

"When you experience something that is socially painful, your body is going to experience it in much the same way as it would experience physical pain," explained study author C. Nathan DeWall, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Kentucky. "By numbing physical pain, you should numb people to social pain. And that's what we've found."

The researchers theorize that acetaminophen may work because areas of the brain that process physical and social pain overlap, and what works to dull one sort of pain may help dull the other.

"When people are snubbed, rejected or dumped, they describe it as feeling hurt, crushed or broken-hearted," DeWall said. "What these data show is it's not just a metaphor. There is strong evidence neurobiologically to support that."

The study will be published in an upcoming issue of the journal Psychological Science.

Researchers noted that levels of positive emotions remained stable during the first experiment involving the hurt feelings journals.

"We don't have any evidence acetaminophen makes people feel good or happy," DeWall said. "What we found was that acetaminophen does make things feel not as bad when you feel rejected."

And during the second experiment, despite differences in brain activity levels, participants reported similar levels of feelings of distress about the rejection.

That raises a question about the study, said Dr. Bernard Carroll, scientific director of the Pacific Behavioral Research Foundation in Carmel, Calif. If those taking the acetaminophen and those taking the placebo reported the same level of negative feelings about being rejected by their computer playmates, then the acetaminophen really didn't provide much in the way of psychological benefit.

Furthermore, it wasn't just the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and anterior insula that showed differences in activity between the acetaminophen and the placebo groups. There were differences in many areas of the brain, which would indicate a generalized effect of the pain reliever rather than some specific impact on processing of pain-related emotions.

"My problem with the experiment is that they have shown a nominal statistical difference but they do not reveal the real-world importance," Carroll said.

Yet the concept that a single drug could work on both psychological and sensory pain isn't a new one, Carroll said. Before other drugs became available, depression and psychosis were sometimes treated with morphine or heroin, Carroll said.

So the question is, if you've recently been dumped, gotten divorced or have otherwise been snubbed, will acetaminophen help make the rejection sting less?

It's premature to recommend widespread use of over-the-counter pain relievers to get you through a break-up, DeWall said. Overuse of acetaminophen can cause liver failure and drinking alcohol while using the drug can raise the risk of overdose.

"We don't want our paper to be read as a widespread call to use acetaminophen to solve all your problems," DeWall said.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on emotional health.



SOURCES: Bernard Carroll, M.D., scientific director, Pacific Behavioral Research Foundation, Carmel, Calif.; C. Nathan DeWall, Ph.D., assistant professor, psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington; Psychological Science


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Tylenol May Weaken Effectiveness of Kids Vaccines
2. Terri Lynne Lokoff Child Care Foundation Announces Recipients of the 2009 Terri Lynne Lokoff/Childrens TYLENOL(R) National Child Care Teacher Awards(TM)
3. Its Cold Outside! Warm Up in Select Downtown Boston Heated Bus Shelters Courtesy of TYLENOL(r) Warming Liquids
4. Its Cold Outside! Warm Up in Select Downtown Chicago Heated Bus Shelters Courtesy of TYLENOL(r) Warming Liquids
5. The Makers of TYLENOL(R) Warming Liquids Offer Free Warming Taxi Rides in Washington, D.C.
6. The Makers of TYLENOL(R) Warming Liquids Offer Free Warming Taxi Rides in Select Philadelphia Areas
7. Surgery potentially best option for severe migraine headaches
8. High-Octane Caffeine May Trigger Headaches
9. Surgery for Neck Pain May Also Relieve Headaches
10. Neck surgery for cervical spine disorders found to alleviate associated headaches
11. Neck Surgery for Cervical Spine Disorders Found to Alleviate Associated Headaches
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, ... Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms ... Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar ... M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal ... complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary ... Work award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. ... Maryland Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... surgery procedures that most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state ... procedures, but also many of these less common operations such as calf and cheek ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance ... and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, ... Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... FRANCISCO, Calif. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... ), a biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics for ... unmet needs, today announced the closing of its ... of common stock, at the public offering price ... in the offering were offered by GBT. GBT ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ALEXANDRIA, Va. , June 24, 2016 ... a set of recommendations that would allow ... information (HCEI) with entities that make formulary and coverage ... determine the "value" of new medicines. The ... that does not appear on the drug label, a ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... -- According to a new market research ... Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length (4mm, 5mm, 6mm, 8mm, ... Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends & Global Forecasts to ... for the forecast period of 2016 to 2021. This ... 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion in 2016, growing at ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: