Navigation Links
Treating gum disease improves vascular health in Indigenous Australians: Study
Date:6/26/2014

A simple non-surgical gum disease treatment markedly reduces the thickness of the wall of the arteries, a risk factor for heart disease, according to a first of its kind study among Aboriginal Australians.

The study findings may be of particular importance to Aboriginal Australians, who in general have poorer oral health and higher rates of cardiovascular disease.

Published in the latest issue of Hypertension, the study reports a significant decline in thickening of the wall of the carotid artery a year after a single session of gum treatment.

"The study shows that non-surgical periodontal therapy significantly reduced the progression of thickening of the carotid artery over a one-year period," says study co-author, University of Sydney vascular disease expert Dr Michael Skilton.

"The magnitude of the reduction in thickening of the carotid artery in the treatment group, relative to the control group, is similar to what has been observed in other clinical trials in high risk populations.

"The effect is comparable to a 30 per cent fall in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol commonly referred to as 'bad' cholesterol which is associated with a decreased risk of heart disease.

"It's also equivalent to the effects of reversing four years of aging, 8 kg/m2 lower body mass index, or 25 mm Hg lower systolic blood pressure."

The study was prompted by conjecture about the causative relationship between periodontal (gum) disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease and is among the first using a randomised trial to investigate a periodontal intervention on atherosclerotic disease.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease affecting the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation, which is the body's natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria.

In the more serious form of periodontal disease (periodontitis), the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or eventually fall out.

Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease collectively known as 'cardiovascular disease'. It usually causes no symptoms until middle or older age but as narrowing and hardening of the arteries accelerates, they choke blood flow, causing pain and other serious cardiovascular complications.

Despite reducing thickening of the carotid artery, the study found no effect of periodontal therapy on arterial stiffness another pre-clinical marker of atherosclerotic vascular disease and risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

"Future studies may tell us whether a more intensive approach to periodontal therapy, including regular periodontal maintenance schedules, can produce more marked improvements in vascular structure," Dr Skilton says.

"The findings indicate that periodontal therapy has a systemic impact beyond treating gum disease.

"If further studies can confirm our report the treatment of periodontal disease may become reducing means by which to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, especially in high risk populations such as Indigenous Australians."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dan Gaffney
daniel.gaffney@sydney.edu.au
61-411-156-015
University of Sydney
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Methadone programs can be key in educating, treating HCV patients
2. Researchers propose treating prison population to fight US hepatitis C epidemic
3. Extended-release medication offers promise for treating alcohol, opioid dependence
4. Widely used drug no more effective than FDA approved medication in treating epileptic seizures
5. Study unveils new approach to treating brittle bone disease
6. Vibrating capsule shows promising results in treating chronic constipation
7. Treating depression in PD patients: New research
8. CU researchers discover target for treating dengue fever
9. New study confirms benefits of treating heart attack patients with a cheap drug
10. Scientists find potential target for treating mitochondrial disorders
11. Doxorubicin alone or with ifosfamide for treating soft tissue sarcoma?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in healthcare events ... Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced during the ... The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range of sectors. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... On Saturday, October 21, the Health & Wellness ... Moonlight to raise money for the American Heart Association Heart Walk. Teams of up ... work together to keep their treadmills moving for 5 hours. Treadmills will start at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... (HLA), the nation's first interactive health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient ... aspects of cancer patient education, today announce a new strategic alliance. , ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... in wound care advancements to physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and ... the Treacherous Waters of Wound Care." , "At many of these conferences we ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... life sciences content management, presents its enhanced Pepper Flow promotional review platform ... -18, 2017. Pepper Flow’s increased insight-driven capabilities help marketers streamline the medical, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... SAN DIEGO , Oct. 12, 2017 ... has recognized the company with their  2017 New Product Innovation ... is based on extensive primary and secondary medical device market ... AVACEN Medical, through its first-to-market OTC, drug-free pain relief product, ... a unique approach to treating fibromyalgia widespread pain. ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... Oct. 11, 2017  True Health, a leader ... its effort during National Breast Cancer Awareness month ... risks. Research ... calculated that more than 10 million American women ... in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and have not had testing. ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... , Oct. 5, 2017  In response ... of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released prescribing ... – to be used as a first-line therapy ... Recognizing the ... AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and Postoperative ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: