Navigation Links
Treating gum disease improves vascular health in Indigenous Australians: Study
Date:6/26/2014

A simple non-surgical gum disease treatment markedly reduces the thickness of the wall of the arteries, a risk factor for heart disease, according to a first of its kind study among Aboriginal Australians.

The study findings may be of particular importance to Aboriginal Australians, who in general have poorer oral health and higher rates of cardiovascular disease.

Published in the latest issue of Hypertension, the study reports a significant decline in thickening of the wall of the carotid artery a year after a single session of gum treatment.

"The study shows that non-surgical periodontal therapy significantly reduced the progression of thickening of the carotid artery over a one-year period," says study co-author, University of Sydney vascular disease expert Dr Michael Skilton.

"The magnitude of the reduction in thickening of the carotid artery in the treatment group, relative to the control group, is similar to what has been observed in other clinical trials in high risk populations.

"The effect is comparable to a 30 per cent fall in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol commonly referred to as 'bad' cholesterol which is associated with a decreased risk of heart disease.

"It's also equivalent to the effects of reversing four years of aging, 8 kg/m2 lower body mass index, or 25 mm Hg lower systolic blood pressure."

The study was prompted by conjecture about the causative relationship between periodontal (gum) disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease and is among the first using a randomised trial to investigate a periodontal intervention on atherosclerotic disease.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease affecting the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation, which is the body's natural response to the presence of harmful bacteria.

In the more serious form of periodontal disease (periodontitis), the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or eventually fall out.

Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease collectively known as 'cardiovascular disease'. It usually causes no symptoms until middle or older age but as narrowing and hardening of the arteries accelerates, they choke blood flow, causing pain and other serious cardiovascular complications.

Despite reducing thickening of the carotid artery, the study found no effect of periodontal therapy on arterial stiffness another pre-clinical marker of atherosclerotic vascular disease and risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

"Future studies may tell us whether a more intensive approach to periodontal therapy, including regular periodontal maintenance schedules, can produce more marked improvements in vascular structure," Dr Skilton says.

"The findings indicate that periodontal therapy has a systemic impact beyond treating gum disease.

"If further studies can confirm our report the treatment of periodontal disease may become reducing means by which to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, especially in high risk populations such as Indigenous Australians."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dan Gaffney
daniel.gaffney@sydney.edu.au
61-411-156-015
University of Sydney
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Methadone programs can be key in educating, treating HCV patients
2. Researchers propose treating prison population to fight US hepatitis C epidemic
3. Extended-release medication offers promise for treating alcohol, opioid dependence
4. Widely used drug no more effective than FDA approved medication in treating epileptic seizures
5. Study unveils new approach to treating brittle bone disease
6. Vibrating capsule shows promising results in treating chronic constipation
7. Treating depression in PD patients: New research
8. CU researchers discover target for treating dengue fever
9. New study confirms benefits of treating heart attack patients with a cheap drug
10. Scientists find potential target for treating mitochondrial disorders
11. Doxorubicin alone or with ifosfamide for treating soft tissue sarcoma?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/21/2017)... Santa Barbara, CA (PRWEB) , ... January 21, ... ... through its Director of Alumni Relations, Dianne Travis-Teague, the electrifying line-up of events ... enlivening festivities for alumni, family, friends, and community. “Coming Home 2017” will ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... its new medical office in Petaluma, located at 167 Lynch Creek Way. The ... to SRO sports medicine and rehabilitation services and on-site x-ray services. ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... The Nobel Biocare™ dental ... in media for its creos™ line of bone regenerative products. Specifically, the ... which he utilizes creos™ allo.gain™ bone graft for a variety of bone reconstruction ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... MD (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... A ... to donate items they no longer use or need, from clothes to couches to ... any unwanted items and take them to the nearest Goodwill donation center through February ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... Source ... botanicals and 100 percent pure essential oils, announced the company had a successful visit ... , The annual ECRM event gives companies that work in the nutritional, sports and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... 19, 2017 Report Details ... Alzheimer,s Disease ... Companies – our new study reveals trends, R&D progress, ... events affecting the Alzheimer,s disease therapeutics and diagnostics market. ... key questions: - How is the Alzheimer,s disease therapeutics ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 19, 2017 According to a study conducted ... set to witness a CAGR of 6.5% during the forecast period ... will continue to be the leading market for cryotherapy globally during ... ... on ensuring affordable and adequate supply of gas in order to ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017 ViewRay, Inc. (Nasdaq: VRAY) announced today that ... research in Germany , has purchased ... the University Clinic Heidelberg as part of its initiative ... program will be headed by Medical Director and Professor ... at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), the Heidelberg ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: