Navigation Links
Treat Snakebites With Adrenaline, Study Says

THURSDAY, May 12 (HealthDay News) -- Giving adrenalin to people with snakebites helps prevent severe allergic reactions to antivenom treatment, new research finds.

There's a high rate of acute adverse reactions to antivenom, according to the study.

But giving low-dose adrenaline to patients who have been bitten by a poisonous snake before administering antivenom reduces the risk of severe allergic reactions.

The study, conducted by researchers from the University of Kelaniya in Sri Lanka, involved more than 1,000 people hospitalized for snakebites. Patients were given low-dose adrenaline, promethazine, hydrocortisone or placebo immediately before treatment with antivenom. The treatments were administered alone and in all possible combinations.

The study found that adrenaline reduced severe reactions to the antivenom by 43 percent at one hour and by 38 percent over 48 hours.

Patients given hydrocortisone or promethazine did not experience those same benefits.

The researchers noted the findings are significant given the fact that in countries where snakebites are a major health problem, acute allergic reactions to poor quality antivenoms are common and often fatal.

"The need for concerted action by local health and regulatory authorities, the World Health Organization, and other stakeholders, including technology transfer programs between antivenom manufacturers, to improve the quality of antivenom can not be overemphasized," said the study's authors in a news release. "Until these overdue improvements come about, we have shown that pretreatment with low-dose adrenaline is an effective and safe therapy to prevent acute reactions to antivenom."

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has more on snakebite symptoms and treatment.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCES: Public Library of Science, news release, May 10, 2011

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Discovery of Lung Stem Cells May Herald New Treatments
2. Cryoablation used to successfully treat atrial fibrillation at the Montreal Heart Institute
3. Less than half of patients with MS continually adhere to drug therapies for treatment: Study
4. Who gets treated where for colonoscopy, and how effective is that treatment?
5. Mayo Clinic researchers find new treatment for constipation
6. Successful depression treatment of mothers has long-term effects on offspring
7. Scan Technology Tied to Overtreatment of Clots in Lungs
8. Mind/body program increases pregnancy rates in IVF treatment
9. A grim dilemma: Treating the tortured prisoner
10. Dietary research offers new explanations and treatments approaches for gastrointestinal disorders
11. No smoking policies may present challenges to treatment centers
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... The Catalent Applied ... the need to integrate dose form selection in early phase drug development. The ... organization supporting and bringing together the UK’s emerging life sciences companies, corporate partners, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... 26, 2015 , ... Pixel Film Studios brings Final Cut ... Vintage. This newly styled ProTrailer pack comes with 30 all-new vintage-inspired designs, with ... users limitless opportunities to stylize and create designs quickly and easily, all within ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... As part of ... Empowerment ™ attracts volunteers together who want to combine talents and resources to ... stakeholders in the process. The non-profit launched its first major fundraiser on November ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... factory direct sauna parts and accessories. , Sauna accessories help improve the bather ... style and personality. From basic styles for the purist looking for simplicity in ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... For the first time, Vitalalert is donating ... Beat ” campaign. The partnership between the two groups began in 2014 with Vitalalert ... cause. , MAP International was founded in 1954 and is an international Christian-based health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 --> ... combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for advanced ... approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for advanced cancer. ... approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for advanced cancer. ... has found that immunotherapy can be efficiently combined with ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ... transplantation is expected to boost the market growth, as 3D ... --> 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ) has ... Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in the ... Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging ... --> ) has announced the ... and Growth Strategies in the German Drugs ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: