Navigation Links
Traumatic childhood may increase the risk of drug addiction
Date:8/30/2012

Previous research has shown that personality traits such as impulsivity or compulsiveness are indicators of an increased risk of addiction. Now, new research from the University of Cambridge suggests that these impulsive and compulsive personality traits are also associated with a traumatic upbringing during childhood. The study was published today, 31 August, in the journal American Journal Psychiatry.

Led by Dr Karen Ersche, the Cambridge researchers aimed to identify risk factors that make a person vulnerable to developing drug dependence. They examined 50 adults with cocaine dependence together with their biological brothers and sisters who have never abused drugs. All participants underwent extensive assessments of their personalities, including their ways of feeling and thinking. The researchers were also interested in negative experiences that participants may have had during childhood (to include physical, emotional or sexual abuse).

Dr Ersche, of the Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute (BCNI) at the University of Cambridge, said: "It has long been known that abusive experiences during childhood have long-lasting effects on behaviour in adulthood and this was confirmed by our results. The siblings had more troubled childhoods compared to healthy peers in the community, and we also found a direct relationship between traumatic childhoods and their personalities."

She added: "This relationship is interesting because impulsive personality traits are known to increase the risk of becoming addicted to drugs but it is not an excuse for drug-taking."

The childhoods of the brothers and sisters of the cocaine-dependent individuals were also traumatic, and they also exhibited higher-than-normal levels of impulsive and compulsive behaviours, but they did not abuse drugs.

The researchers next intend to explore how the siblings who do not abuse drugs managed to deal with their traumatic childhoods and their highly impulsive and compulsive personalities. The scientists want to understand what makes the siblings resilient against addiction. A better understanding of what protected the brothers and sisters from drug abuse may provide vital clues for developing more effective therapeutic interventions for those trying to beat their addiction.

Dr Ersche added: "Not all individuals with these personality traits would have had a traumatic upbringing. Nor does everyone with these traits develop an addiction. However, our findings show that some people are particularly at risk and their upbringing may have contributed to it."


'/>"/>

Contact: Genevieve Maul
44-012-237-65542
University of Cambridge
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Why is traumatic brain injury increasing among the elderly?
2. Witnessing, Experiencing Traumatic Events May Worsen Heart Disease
3. New standards for treating traumatic shoulder injuries to improve patient care
4. Mild traumatic brain injury may contribute to brain network dysfunction
5. Reducing post-traumatic stress after ICU
6. Preventing post-traumatic stress
7. Diabetes drug could be a promising therapy for traumatic brain injury
8. Predicting post-traumatic stress disorder before it happens
9. Traumatic brain injury the focus of American Headache Society scientific conference
10. War is not necessarily the cause of post-traumatic stress disorder
11. Pitt: Targeted oxidation-blocker prevents secondary damage after traumatic brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... The assembly ... assembly protocols involve many repetitive steps and often scientists require many different versions ... high-throughput needed, and results in a lower error rate and cost saving for ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... Gastrointestinal Oncology™ (SOGO™), a specialized continuing medical education conference for clinicians who manage ... Intercontinental Time Square, New York. , The program will be led by ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... A recent Bellwether Education Partners’ ... the field must first improve teacher preparation program design. It then asserts that ... that decades of input- and outcome-based research has failed to improve teacher education. ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... Greenfield ... Williamson brings his extensive knowledge of appraisals, property values, ad valorem taxation, and ... estate valuation industry for more than 40 years. , “Ruel is a great ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Dr. Isabella Wentz, PharmD, ... a 9-part video series titled The Thyroid Secret. Dr. Wentz talked about journey and ... emphasizes the fact that medication IS NOT the only solution to deal with thyroid ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... SPRING, Md. , March 29, 2017 On March ... (ocrelizumab) to treat adult patients with relapsing forms of ... This is the first drug approved by the FDA ... a health care professional.  "Multiple sclerosis ... said Billy Dunn , M.D., director of the ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... FinancialBuzz.com News Commentary  ... The U.S. could see significant economic benefits from the expanding ... Frontier Data, the legal cannabis market is projected to create 283,422 ... the United States , as well as the economic ... that drives growth in this sector. Medical cannabis is now legal ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... 28, 2017 "Chemotherapy Induced Neutropenia (CIN) – Market Insights, ... and global market trends of the Chemotherapy Induced Neutropenia for the ... Europe ( France , ... , UK) and Japan , as well ... of the world (RoW). The Report covers the therapeutics ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: