Navigation Links
Traumatic childhood may increase the risk of drug addiction
Date:8/30/2012

Previous research has shown that personality traits such as impulsivity or compulsiveness are indicators of an increased risk of addiction. Now, new research from the University of Cambridge suggests that these impulsive and compulsive personality traits are also associated with a traumatic upbringing during childhood. The study was published today, 31 August, in the journal American Journal Psychiatry.

Led by Dr Karen Ersche, the Cambridge researchers aimed to identify risk factors that make a person vulnerable to developing drug dependence. They examined 50 adults with cocaine dependence together with their biological brothers and sisters who have never abused drugs. All participants underwent extensive assessments of their personalities, including their ways of feeling and thinking. The researchers were also interested in negative experiences that participants may have had during childhood (to include physical, emotional or sexual abuse).

Dr Ersche, of the Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute (BCNI) at the University of Cambridge, said: "It has long been known that abusive experiences during childhood have long-lasting effects on behaviour in adulthood and this was confirmed by our results. The siblings had more troubled childhoods compared to healthy peers in the community, and we also found a direct relationship between traumatic childhoods and their personalities."

She added: "This relationship is interesting because impulsive personality traits are known to increase the risk of becoming addicted to drugs but it is not an excuse for drug-taking."

The childhoods of the brothers and sisters of the cocaine-dependent individuals were also traumatic, and they also exhibited higher-than-normal levels of impulsive and compulsive behaviours, but they did not abuse drugs.

The researchers next intend to explore how the siblings who do not abuse drugs managed to deal with their traumatic childhoods and their highly impulsive and compulsive personalities. The scientists want to understand what makes the siblings resilient against addiction. A better understanding of what protected the brothers and sisters from drug abuse may provide vital clues for developing more effective therapeutic interventions for those trying to beat their addiction.

Dr Ersche added: "Not all individuals with these personality traits would have had a traumatic upbringing. Nor does everyone with these traits develop an addiction. However, our findings show that some people are particularly at risk and their upbringing may have contributed to it."


'/>"/>

Contact: Genevieve Maul
44-012-237-65542
University of Cambridge
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Why is traumatic brain injury increasing among the elderly?
2. Witnessing, Experiencing Traumatic Events May Worsen Heart Disease
3. New standards for treating traumatic shoulder injuries to improve patient care
4. Mild traumatic brain injury may contribute to brain network dysfunction
5. Reducing post-traumatic stress after ICU
6. Preventing post-traumatic stress
7. Diabetes drug could be a promising therapy for traumatic brain injury
8. Predicting post-traumatic stress disorder before it happens
9. Traumatic brain injury the focus of American Headache Society scientific conference
10. War is not necessarily the cause of post-traumatic stress disorder
11. Pitt: Targeted oxidation-blocker prevents secondary damage after traumatic brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/28/2017)... ... July 28, 2017 , ... ... of its budget on nutrition assistance programs. , Right now the most public ... . However, changes to other programs are under consideration, including WIC (Women, Infants, ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... ... July 28, 2017 , ... Kevin Harrington, one of the original Sharks from hit reality ... of a new DRTV campaign with My Real Earth. , Most people put their healthcare ... just as important as what we put in our bodies. After all, the skin is ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... OR (PRWEB) , ... July 28, 2017 , ... Date ... http://www.GlobalDragonTV.com , Like millions of first generation immigrants before her, Rose Hong ... beneficiary of generosity and sacrifice on the part of loving parents who made sure ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The DuPage County law firm of Mirabella Kincaid Frederick ... Ms. Cusack joins the team ready to provide clients with vigorous representation in ... in Peoria, Illinois, with a BA in Social Work. She earned her JD from ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... ... July 28, 2017 , ... As many parents, students, and teachers are getting ... sharpen mental acuity and address mental fatigue that can accompany long study hours, homework ... that can not only helps with school work but also in day-to-day functions on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/28/2017)... CHICAGO, July 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ... fiscal third quarter ended June 30, 2017, and updated ... For the fiscal third quarter, ... to $0.68 per diluted share in the prior-year period. ... of $0.39 per diluted share primarily related to the ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... , July 28, 2017 EnvoyHealth, a Diplomat company, ... a program for CleverCap LITE, a technology designed to ... to deliver innovative health technology solutions and services that ... CleverCap LITE offers medication monitoring ... bottle cover: Records ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... -- Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH) today reported ... The Company reported second quarter net sales of $1.954 ... period, and an increase of 2.1% on a constant ... from the LDR Holding Corporation acquisition, second quarter 2017 ... or 0.3% on a constant currency basis. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: